Danielewicz

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Danielewicz vel Danilewicz - descendants of Daniel or Danilo. Until the end of the 18th century, mainly used by highly ranked nobility in Russia and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Danielewicz vel Danilewicz of the Clan of Ostoja[edit]

Ostoja coat of arms

Danielewicz vel Danilewicz[1] of Ostoja coat of arms[2] was a noble family name in Lithuania and in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. On the political scene Danielewicz supported the Clan of Ostoja expansion in the 15th century and in Lithuania was one of the closest families related to the Pac family, supporting their way to the supremacy in Grand Duchy of Lithuania at the end of the 17th century. In medieval times, nobles in Lithuania with power of judging like Danielewicz were called barones according to Jan Długosz.

During many centuries, Ostoja Danielewicz family was holding high offices as Lords of Regality (Starosta) and Judge.

Origin[edit]

Russian Boyar

The DNA test of Ostoja Danielewicz within several projects on FTDNA shows a common ancestry, dating to about 1000–1100 years ago, with the Ejsmont and Rudziecki families. Furthermore, family show closer relation to Russian families like Musin-Pushkin that shared same ancestor with Ostoja Danielewicz about 800–900 years ago. The first known grand boyar of the family is Ratsha, noted in 1146 as Judge of Kiev. However, some scholars in Russia claim that Ratsha was the grandson of Ratibor and that Ratibor was descendant of ruling family of Polabian Slavs.[3][4]

This aristocratic family originally came from one of the oldest boyar families from Novgorod in Russia and moved to Lithuania together with other families of Russian origin, entering the Clan of Ostoja. Notable families that moved from Novgorod together with Danielewicz also entering the Clan of Ostoja are the prince Baratynsky and prince Palecki.

Ostoja Danielewicz vel Danilewicz during the time of Commonwealth[edit]

Boyar Wedding Feast

The Danielewicz of Ostoja family are to be found mainly among officials in the districts of Vilnius, Ashmyany, Trakai and Vilkmergė. Sources tell about Daniel that had had two sons and one daughter and of them Dawid Danielewicz was the Judge of Vilnius in the middle of the 15th century. In 1530 Michał Danielewicz was in possession of 10 villages with different economic buildings on the property. His grandson, Jan Karzimierz Danielewicz was deputy to the Sejm from the Vilnius district. Iwaszko Iwanowicz Danielewicz attended at the Royal Court in Kraków year 1511, his brother Fedor attended same court year 1523.[5][6]

In coalition with Pac family[edit]

The Danielewicz family supported through many centuries the Pac family and where their closest ally. In 1653 the property of Bohdanow named after Prince Bohdan Sapieha[7] in Belarus were passed to Barbara, daughter of Prince Karzimierz Sapieha. Barbara's daughter Tekla Wollowicz then married Piotr Michał Pac and the property passed to the Pac family. Since Piotr Michał Pac had no children of his own, he adopted Michał Danielewicz,(Starosta of Plotelsk, Inspector of the Hungarian border) into the Pac family as he was the son of his sister Katarzyna Pac. As result of that, large property of Bohdanow, the town of Kartena and other properties was passed from the Pac family to Danielewicz.[8]

Danielewicz of Ostoja family owned several big properties in Lithuania, Prussia, Belarus and Volyn, Ukraine and held high ranking offices in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, mostly in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Through the centuries Danielewicz was highly respected for and their knowledge in jurisdiction [9] and therefore was often granted the position of Starosta (Lord of Regality) or County Judge as they also many times represented their districts and provinces at the Sejm, the Parliament of the Commonwealth. Danielewicz raised in great power and wealth (on local level) during the time when the Pac family was in the control of the Grand Duchy if Lithuania.

During the partitions[edit]

Tadeusz Kościuszko taking the oath, 1794
Wincenty Danilewicz with daughters
Danielewicz Palace in Sieradz 1940

The dominance of Pac family ended because of lack of heirs and their position was overtaken by the Sapieha family. In the middle of 19th century last of the Pac family, Ludwik Michał Pac lost all great properties as they were confiscated by the Russian side for his involvement in November Uprising and his participation in Napoleonic wars against Russian side.

During the Partitions of Poland or Partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1772-1918, Danielewicz's of Ostoja participated in many upraising actions witch cause Russian side to confiscate most of the family properties. As the family did not support foreign forces in the Commonwealth and was in opposition, no offices was given to the family anymore. In the end o 18th century part of the family moved to Preussen where they joined Prussian army as officers in hope to fight Russian side that was holding control of the east part of the Commonwealth. After the Napoleonic wars, Marcin Danielewicz received the Order of the White Eagle for his efforts in the fight for the independence of the Commonwealth and Wincenty Danilewicz received French Order of Legion of Honour. Jan Danielewicz died on the fields of Olszynka Grochowska in November Uprising, Piotr Danielewicz participated in 1863 Upraising in Vilnius (the January Uprising) and after the uprising failed was sent to Siberia from where he never come back.

At the end of the 19th century, the family was divided into three lines; the Prussian, Lithuanian-Belarus and Volhynia line. Of over 26 male lines recorded[10] very few survived and the Volhynia line of Ostoja-Danielewicz was excluded from Russian nobility ranks after taking part in upraisings. Main line of the family that sold all major properties moved to Prussia and later settled down in town of Sieradz where they held their properties including Danielewicz Palace (pl: Pałac Danielewicza).

Notable family members of Ostoja-Danielewicz vel Danilewicz[edit]

  • Dawid Danielewicz - Judge of Vilnius year 1450
  • Jan Kazimierz Danilewicz - Deputy to the Sejm
  • Paweł Danielewicz - Judge of Vilnius 1648, Lord of regality of Intursk, Marshal of the Lithuanian Court of Justice
  • Adam Karol Danielewicz - Judge of Vilnius
  • Roman Danielwicz - Lord of regality of Intursk, deputy to the Sejm, Chamberlain of Oszmiany
  • Michał Danielewicz - Lord of regality of Plotelsk, commissar of the Hungarian border
  • Franciszek Danielewicz - Lord of regality of Plotelsk
  • Franciszek Danielewicz - son of Franciszek, Lord of regality of Plotelsk. He was Colonel of Royal Army
  • Michał Danielewicz - son of colonel Franciszek, Standard-bearer of Petyhorsk regiment and Judge of Smolensk
  • Samuel Danielewicz - Rittmeister of Bracławy
  • Onufry Danielewicz - Captain of Royal Army
  • Tadeusz Danielewicz - Rittmeister of Trakai
  • Szymon Danielewicz - Rittmeister of Trakai 1775
  • Józef Danielewicz - son of Rittmeister Szymon was captain of Royal Army
  • Wincenty Danilewicz - born in 1787 in Mińsk Lit. (former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth territory), was involved – as light-cavalryman – in the Napoleonic campaign, for which he was awarded the French Order of Legion of Honour.[11]
  • Marcin Danielewicz - received Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Major in the army of Napoleon.
  • Wladyslaw Danilewicz - Lwów Eaglets (Orleta Lwowskie) 1918
  • Jan Danilewicz - catholic priest, creating report for Bishop Kaczmarek. For that, he was sentenced to prison for 12 years during Stalinist time.
  • Zofia Danilewicz - professor in Stomatology, Medical Academy of Łódz (1922-2013)
  • Benedykt Danilewicz - professor at Collegium Medicum Jagiellonian University Krakow (1930-2015)

Other Danielewicz families[edit]

Spelling: Danielewicz, Danilewicz, Daniłowicz, Daniełowicz, Danieliwicz, Danielewitz.

Another family that took their name after Daniel goes back to Daniel, whose descendants settled down in Lithuania.[12] Daniel's son Afanasy Danielewicz was Prince of Novgorod (died 1322) followed by Jerzy III Danielewicz, the prince of Novgorod 1322-1325. Following years in 14th century another family is noted in the books as Daniel Alexandrowicz and his son Włodzimierz Danielewicz where elected as prince's of Pskov.

Furthermore, in the Armorial of Tadeusz Gajl there are more families of different clans listed with different spelling. Daniełowicz - clan Godziemba and Sas, Daniłowicz - clan Leliwa, Ostoja, Rola, Sas and Sulima, Danielewicz - clan Godziemba, Ostoja and Rola, Danilewicz - clan Boncza I, Leliwa, Ostoja, Prus I and Sas, Danieliwicz - clan Ostoja.[17]

All above are noble families of Danielewicz vel Danilewicz being part of different clans and not family related with each.

Non-Szlachta Danilewicz (Imperial Russia)[edit]

In the late 18th to early 20th centuries under the partition time, many citizens emigrated from the eastern part of the former Commonwealth if they were not confined to the Pale of Settlement, and many (both within and outside of the Pale) immigrated to countries such as the United States. Those families (assuming that they did not have surnames or legally-accepted surnames) acquired or changed their names as they forced to do, applying noble and patronymic names like Danielewicz if they could afford to acquire such surnames within the requirements of the surname laws of the Russian Empire.

Multiple families are even of Jewish origin–among them are the paternal family of Kirk Douglas (born "Issur Danilovich").

Notable people with name Danielewicz vel Danilewicz[edit]

  • Tadeusz Danilewicz - pseudonym "Kuba", "Kossak", "Doman", "Łoziński", Major in Polish army, head of NZW. In 2016 received post mortem Officer's Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta by President of Poland, Andrzej Duda.
Prof. Jerzy Danielewicz (born 1942) - classical philology, Poznan
Prof. Jerzy Władysław Danielewicz (1921-1997) - history, Bydgoszcz
Prof. Joseph Danielewicz - Ohio state University, Departement of Classics
Prof. Pawel Danielewicz - Michigan State, Physics
Prof. Jane Danielewicz - Research and Undergraduate Teaching, Associate Professor of English, and Director of the Writing Program.
Prof. Jan Danielewicz -Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska, Wroclaw
Leon Danielewicz (1878-1970) - president of the Horticultural Society of Warsaw, author of a number of parks and green areas in Warsaw
Adam Danielewicz - Polish statistician.
Ludomir Danilewicz - Polish engineer, one of the directors of AVA together with Leonard Danilewicz, helped to break the Enigma Code
Wladimir Danilewicz (1924-2001) - an animator, as well as a director, art director and screenwriter in Russia
Kazimierz Danilewicz (1927-2013) - polish sculptor with may awards. Created Monument in Warszaw for 27th AK Division in Volhynia
Emanuela Danielewicz - born in Poznan; artist and founder of the Kosmopolen association, 2016 honored by the German Federal President Joachim Gauck;

Others[edit]

  • Jozef Danielewicz, born in 1907, deceased in 1988, living in Poznan
  • Dorota Danielewicz, journalist and writer, born in Poznan, living in Berlin
  • Marian Danielewicz, physiker, born in Nowy Tomyśl, living in Berlin

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adam Boniecki "Herbarz Polski" Warszawa 1899-1913, Severyn Uruski "Rodzina. Herbarz Szlachty Polskiej", Warszawa 1904-1917, Kojalowicz, Kasper Niesiecki, "Herbarz Polski" Leipzig, 1839-1846
  2. ^ Ostoja coat of arms
  3. ^ Russian nobility DNA project on FTDNA
  4. ^ "Tłumacz Google". translate.Google.pl. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  5. ^ Eugeniusz Szczepaniak, Bialystok 1986, Informacja genealogiczna
  6. ^ Adam Boniecki "Herbarz Polski" Warszawa 1899-1913
  7. ^ C. Jankowski, Powiat Oszmanski, t.1, s. 223 i n.
  8. ^ Roman Aftanazy Dzieje dawnych rezydencji na dawnych kresach Rzaczpospolitej, Wojewodztwo Wilenskie, t.4, s.37, 120
  9. ^ Wojciech Wijuk Kojalowicz, Herbarz, Krakow 1897, p.204-208
  10. ^ Adam Boniecki, Severyn Uruski
  11. ^ (Polish) Łoza S.: Legia honorowa w Polsce 1803–1923 (French Order of Legion of Honour in Poland 1803–1923), Zamość 1923, ed. Zygmunt Pomarański i Spółka (reprint Warszawa 1986, ed. Wydawnictwa Artystyczne i Filmowe - WAiF), p. 38, entry No 284
  12. ^ Jan Ciechanowicz
  13. ^ a b Adam Boniecki: Herbarz polski. Warszawa: skł. gł. Gebethner i Wolff, 1913Adam Boniecki: Herbarz polski. T. 16. Warszawa: skł. gł. Gebethner i Wolff, 1913
  14. ^ Andrzej Brzezina Winarski, Herby Szlachty Rzeczpospolitej,ISBN 83-89667-42-8
  15. ^ Seweryn Uruski: Rodzina.Herbarz szlachty polskiej, Warszawa 1906
  16. ^ Siebmachers Wappenbuch
  17. ^ "Herbarz". gajl.Wielcy.pl. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 

External links[edit]