Danielle Citron

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Danielle Citron
Danielle Citron, 11 October 2015.JPG
Citron at Wikiconference USA, 2015
Academic background
Alma materDuke University,
Fordham University
Academic work
InstitutionsUniversity of Maryland
Main interestsPrivacy
Notable worksHate Crimes in Cyberspace

Danielle Keats Citron is the Morton & Sophia Macht Professor of Law at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. She is an internationally recognized expert on privacy. Her work focuses on information privacy, free expression, and civil rights.[1] Citron is the author of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace (2014).


Citron graduated from Duke University, and the Fordham University School of Law.[2] She is an Affiliate Scholar at the Center for Internet and Society,[3] an Affiliate Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project,[4] a Tech Fellow at NYU's Policing Project, and a member of the Principles Group for the Harvard-MIT Artificial Intelligence (AI) Fund. [5] In 2017, she was elected as a member of the American Law Institute[6] and currently serves on the Advisory Board of ALI's Information Privacy Principles Project.[7] She is the Vice President and Board Member of the Cyber Civil Rights Initiative, a civil rights and civil liberties project named after her article Cyber Civil Rights (Boston U Law Review, 2009).[8] She serves on the advisory board of Teach Privacy,[9] SurvJustice,[10] the International Association of Privacy Professionals Privacy Bar,[11] and Without My Consent.[12] She serves on Twitter’s Trust and Safety Council,[13] and the Board of Directors for Future Privacy Forum.[14] She was the Chair of the Electronic Privacy Information Center’s Board of Directors (2017-2019) and currently serves on the board.[15] In 2015, she was named as one of the Daily Record (Maryland)'s "Top 50 Influential Marylanders"[16] and one of Prospect Magazine's "Top 50 World Thinkers."[17]

She is an expert on online harassment.[18][19] She has written for the New York Times,[20] Slate Magazine,[21] The Atlantic,[22] The New Scientist,[23] TIME,[24] and Al Jazeera.[25] She has been a guest on The Diane Rehm Show, The Kojo Nnamdi Show, and Slate Magazine's The Gist podcast.[26][27][28] She is also a Forbes contributor[29] and a member of Concurring Opinions.[30] She has authored over 30 law review articles.[31] Her book, Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, was named among "The 20 Best Moments for Women in 2014" by Harper's Bazaar and Cosmopolitan Magazine.[32]

She works closely with tech companies, such as Twitter and Facebook, and federal and state lawmakers on issues of online safety, privacy, and free speech. Professor Citron helped Maryland State Senator Jon Cardin draft a bill criminalizing the nonconsensual publication of nude images, which was passed into law in 2014.[33] From 2014 to December 2016, Professor Citron served as an advisor to California Attorney General Kamala Harris.[34] She served as a member of AG Harris’s Task Force to Combat Cyber Exploitation and Violence Against Women.[35]

Selected works[edit]

  • Danielle Keats Citron (2014). Hate Crimes in Cyberspace. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-36829-3. [36][37][38][39]
Book chapters
  • Danielle Keats Citron (forthcoming 2018). Susan Brison and Katharine Gelber, eds. “Why Combating Online Abuse Is Good For Free Speech,” in Free Speech in the Digital Age. Oxford University Press
  • Danielle Keats Citron (with Quinta Jurecic) (2018). “Platform Justice: Content Moderation at an Inflection Point.” in Hoover Institute Aegis Series.
  • Danielle Keats Citron (with Liz Clark Rinehart) (2017). David Gray and Stephen Henderson, eds. “The Surveillance Implications of Combatting Cyber Harassment.” in Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law.
  • Danielle Keats Citron (2015). Marc Rotenberg, Jeramie Scott, and Julia Horwitz, eds. "Protecting Sexual Privacy in the Information Age" in Privacy in the Modern Age. New Press. ISBN 978-1620971079
  • Danielle Keats Citron (2011). Martha Nussbaum & Saul Levmore, ed. Civil Rights in the Information Age, in The Offensive Internet: Speech, Privacy and Reputation. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674064317.


  1. ^ "Danielle Citron". University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law Faculty. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  2. ^ "Danielle Citron". University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law Faculty. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
  3. ^ "Danielle Citron, Affiliate Scholar". Center for Internet and Society, Stanford University.
  4. ^ "Danielle Citron, Affiliated Fellows". Yale Information Society Project.
  5. ^ "AI Initiative". AI Initiative. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  6. ^ Institute, The American Law. "Newly Elected Members | American Law Institute". American Law Institute. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  7. ^ "Current Projects, Principles of the Law, Data Privacy". The American Law Institute. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  8. ^ "CCRI Board of Directors & Advisors - Cyber Civil Rights Initiative". Cyber Civil Rights Initiative. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  9. ^ "Privacy Training | Data Security Training | Professor Daniel Solove Bio". TeachPrivacy. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  10. ^ "Advisors". SURVJUSTICE: 202-869-0699. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  11. ^ "International Association of Privacy Professionals". iapp.org. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  12. ^ "Advisory Board". Without My Consent. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  13. ^ "Twitter Safety Partners". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  14. ^ "Future of Privacy Forum". fpf.org. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  15. ^ Center, Electronic Privacy Information. "EPIC - EPIC Board and Staff". epic.org. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  16. ^ "The Daily Record unveils Influential Marylander honorees". Daily Record. Jan 29, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  17. ^ "World thinkers 2015: the results". Prospect. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  18. ^ Daily Record Staff. "Danielle Citron". Maryland Daily Record.
  19. ^ Rodricks, Dan; Himowitz, Mike (2014-12-15). "Hate Crimes in Cyberspace". Midday with Dan Rodricks. WYPR/NPR. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
  20. ^ Citron, Danielle. "Free Speech Does Not Protect Cyberharassment". The New York Times. Dec 3, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  21. ^ "Danielle Citron, Contributor". Slate.
  22. ^ Citron, Danielle & Woodrow Hartzog. "The Decision That Could Finally Kill the Revenge-Porn Business". The Atlantic. Feb 3, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  23. ^ Citron, Danielle. "To defeat trolls, we need to do more than jail them". The New Scientist. Oct 22, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  24. ^ Citron, Danielle. "Just Because a Hate Crime Occurs on the Internet Doesn't Mean It's Not a Hate Crime". TIME. Oct 7, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  25. ^ Citron, Danielle. "Expand harassment laws to protect victims of online abuse". Al Jazeera. March 21, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  26. ^ "Women And Online Harassment". The Diane Rehm Show. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
  27. ^ "Digital Dualism: The Fading Distinction Between Life On And Off Line - The Kojo Nnamdi Show". The Kojo Nnamdi Show. 2015-03-24. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
  28. ^ Pesca, Mike. "The Gist discusses online threats with Danielle Citron, and musical fades with William Weir". The Gist, Episode 100. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
  29. ^ "Danielle Citron, Contributor". Forbes.
  30. ^ "Danielle Citron". Concurring Opinions. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  31. ^ "Danielle Citron, Selected Publications". University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law Faculty. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  32. ^ Filipovic, Jill. "The 20 Best Moments for Women in 2014". Harper's Bazaar. Dec 7, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  33. ^ Citron, Danielle Keats. "Revenge porn: A pernicious form of cyber gender harassment [Commentary]". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  34. ^ "California AG goes all-out to fight "revenge porn"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  35. ^ "Attorney General Kamala D. Harris, Tech Leaders and Advocates Launch Offensive in Fight Against Cyber Exploitation". State of California - Department of Justice - Office of the Attorney General. 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  36. ^ Quarmby, Katherine. "Hate Crimes in Cyberspace by Danielle Keats Citron review – the internet is a brutal place". The Guardian - Books. Sept 26, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
  37. ^ Chemaly, Soraya (2014-09-02). ""Hate Crimes in Cyberspace" author: "Everyone is at risk, from powerful celebrities to ordinary people"". Salon.com. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
  38. ^ Hill, Kashmir (2014-08-21). "How To Keep Internet Trolls And Harassers From Winning". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-04-19.
  39. ^ Nussbaum, Martha C (2014-11-05). "Haterz Gonna Hate?". The Nation. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
  40. ^ Knibbs, Kate. "How The Hell Are These Popular Spying Apps Not Illegal?". Retrieved 2017-06-19.

External links[edit]