Page protected with pending changes

Danilo Medina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Danilo Medina
V Cumbre CELAC- República Dominicana (32130698470) (cropped).jpg
53rd President of the Dominican Republic
In office
16 August 2012 – 16 August 2020
Vice PresidentMargarita Cedeño de Fernández
Preceded byLeonel Fernández
Succeeded byLuis Abinader
Secretary of State of the Presidency
In office
16 August 2004 – 8 November 2006
PresidentLeonel Fernández
Preceded bySergio Grullón
Succeeded byCésar Pina Toribio
In office
16 August 1996 – 16 August 1999
PresidentLeonel Fernández
Preceded byRafael Bello Andino
Succeeded byAlejandrina Germán
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
16 August 1994 – 16 August 1995
Preceded byNorge Botello
Succeeded byRamón Fadul
President pro tempore of CELAC
In office
28 January 2016 – 26 January 2017
Preceded byRafael Correa
Succeeded bySalvador Sánchez Cerén
Personal details
Born (1951-11-10) 10 November 1951 (age 69)
Bohechío, Dominican Republic
Political partyLiberation Party
Spouse(s)Cándida Montilla (m. 1987)
RelationsLucía Medina (sister)
Francisco Caamaño (second-cousin)
Alma materSanto Domingo Institute of Technology
Signature
WebsitePersonal website

Danilo Medina Sánchez (Spanish pronunciation: [d̪aˈnilo meˈðina ˈsant͡ʃes] : born 10 November 1951) is a Dominican politician who was President of the Dominican Republic from 2012 to 2020.

Medina previously served as Chief of Staff to the President of the Dominican Republic from 1996 to 1999 and from 2004 to 2006, and is a member of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD). He won the May 2012 Dominican presidential election, defeating Hipòlito Mejía with 51% of the votes. On 15 May 2016, Danilo Medina leading a coalition of parties won the 2016 Dominican presidential election, defeating the leader of the opposition and PRM candidate Luis Abinader with 61.8% of the votes, the highest percentage received by a president elected in free elections since 1924 when Horacio Vásquez won the presidency with 69.8% of the ballots—surpassing Juan Bosch's record of 59.5% obtained in 1962, and Leonel Fernández's 57.1% of the votes obtained in 2004.

Medina's second term has been characterized as humane, transparent and goal-driven by its supporters.[1][2] With a penchant for performing weekly visits to impoverished rural sections of the country, President Medina finished his second term with a 65% approval rate[3] and the Dominican Republic has been variously called the Caribbean Switzerland.[4] However, during his second term there were attempts to seek a third term which was frustrated after a call from the US Department of State secretary Mike Pompeo [5]

Medina's family, including two of his brothers, are currently being investigated under allegations of corruption, involving traffic of influence by which they benefited under Medina presidency, obtaining multiple contracts and business with the State. As of November 2020, the investigation process had entered a new phase following the arrests of two of Medina's brothers.[6]

Early years[edit]

Medina was born in Arroyo Cano, San Juan Province, in the southwest of the Dominican Republic. He is the oldest of eight brothers born to Juan Pablo Medina de los Santos (1918–2019) and Amelia Sánchez Abreu (1931–2004). Since he was 18 years old he was a student leader, founding the San Juan de la Maguana branch of the Frente Revolucionario Estudiantil Nacionalista at the UASD. When Professor Juan Bosch founded the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana in 1973. Medina joined him. He studied economics at Instituto Tecnológico Santo Domingo (INTEC), and graduated magna cum laude in 1984. He has been a member of the Central Committee of the PLD since 1983. In 1986 election he was elected a deputy in Congress. In 2019, he married psychologist Cándida Montilla and has three daughters, Sibeli, Vanessa and Ana Paula.

Career during the 1990s and 2000s[edit]

In 1990, Medina was elected member of the Political Committee of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) together with Leonel Fernández and Juan Temístocles Montás. He was selected by his political organization to be the President of the Chamber of Deputies in the Dominican Republic.

He was President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic from 1994 to 1995,[7] and subsequently served as Secretary of State of the Presidency from 1996 to 1999 and again from 2004 to 2006.

As president of the Chamber of Deputies in the National Congress (1990–94), he was a key figure in congressional negotiations that led to the resolving of the 1994 political impasse. In that year, a close finish between Joaquín Balaguer and José Francisco Peña Gómez brought about a major conflict, as one side accused the other of fraud. The conflict was resolved with a pact that instituted separate presidential and congressional elections, the need for a candidate to receive 50%+1 of the vote to win in a first round, and prohibited presidential re-election. The agreement eventually worked in favor of the PLD, which won the presidential in the 1996 election, with Leonel Fernández defeating José Francisco Peña Gómez in a second round.

Medina is considered[by whom?] the PLD's leading political strategist and negotiator. As such, he was one of the leaders of the presidential campaign of President Fernández. He was appointed Secretary of the Presidency in 1996 and was one of the President's closest aides. In 2000, with Fernández barred from reelection (at the time, Dominican presidents could not immediately succeed themselves), Medina was the presidential candidate of the PLD. He finished a distant second behind opposition candidate Hipólito Mejía of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD), taking only 24.9 percent of the vote to Mejía's 49.87 percent. However, Medina concluded he had no chance of overcoming Mejía's nearly 25-point first-round lead, especially after third-place finisher Balaguer hinted some of his supporters would vote for the PRD in the runoff. Medina would have needed nearly all of Balaguer's supporters in order to overcome his massive first-round deficit. Realizing that he would be lucky to get half of them in the runoff, Medina conceded the presidency to Mejía. In his concession speech, Medina said that a runoff would not be in the country's best interest.[8]

As President Fernández acceded to a second term in 2004, Medina was once again appointed Secretary of the Presidency (Equivalent to Chief of Staff) and considered second in command on internal corridors of Government. As a new election approached in 2008, Medina was considered the main competition for President Fernández, as he was considered by some to have complete political control of the ruling party, the PLD. He resigned from the post on 8 November 2006 in order to launch his bid for the PLD presidential nomination against President Fernández.

After running a campaign under the slogans "Ahora Es" and "Lo Mejor Para Todos" ("Now Is the Time" and "The Best for Everybody") Medina was eventually defeated by President Fernández in the 6 May 2007 PLD internal election to choose the party's candidate for the 2008 presidential election. Since its foundation the PLD had maintained an implicit non re-election policy, but President Fernández changed that allowing him to campaign against Medina from the Presidential Palace and opt for a second consecutive term in power (his third).

In the internal PLD vote Medina obtained 28.45% of the votes against President Fernández' 71.55%.[9] Minor irregularities were confirmed during the election process.[10] In the evening of 6 May 2007, Medina made a brief public appearance saying he had been "beaten by the state" (in reference to the fact that government resources had been used to suppress his candidacy and to promote that of Fernández).

Subsequently, Medina and his supporters maintained a low profile. During this period he was considered the most likely contender for the PLD candidacy in the 2012 Dominican presidential election.[11]

President of the Dominican Republic[edit]

President Medina in the swearing in of his government cabinet on 16 August 2012.

Medina ran for and was elected President of the Dominican Republic in the 2012 Dominican presidential election, that ended on the morning of 21 May, with 51.24% of the votes defeating Hipólito Mejía, his 2000 election rival.[12] While running for office Medina's thesis was criticized for suspected plagiarism by Génove Gneco, the professor coordinating the Office against plagiarism in the thesis, of the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo. Gneco also investigated the thesis of senator Félix Bautista and Minister of Economic Affairs Juan Temístocles Montás. He was later removed from his position for overstepping his limits and not being able to prove his claims.[13] Medina vowed to fight corruption, create jobs and invest in education in the Caribbean nation.[14]In the 2016 Dominican presidential election, Medina was re-elected for a second term, defeating the leader of the opposition and PRM candidate Luis Abinader with 61.8% of the votes.[15][16]

Following his term in office, Medina's family is currently being investigated for using political and family ties to accumulate wealth during his term as president. The process is being overseen by PEPCA (Government anti-corruption prosecution) and the Deputy Attorney General of the Dominican Republic. As of November 2020, the investigation moved into a new stage with the arrest of two of Medina's brothers.[6]

Ancestry[edit]

According to genealogist Sinecio Ramírez Suazo, Danilo Medina is allegedly descended from Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, founding father of the Dominican Republic. If true, Medina would be the first Dominican President descended from one of the Founding Fathers; however, genealogist Edwin Espinal argues that Medina's great-great-great-grandfather Dionisio Sánchez Herrera could not be the son of Juan Francisco Sánchez de Peña (Francisco del Rosario Sánchez's son) since Sánchez Herrera was born in 1840 and Sánchez de Peña in 1852.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://elnuevodiario.com.do/danilo-medina-excelente-obra-gobierno/
  2. ^ https://www.revistamercado.do/danilo-medina-y-su-balance-de-gobierno/
  3. ^ https://www.diariolibre.com/actualidad/politica/resaltan-popularidad-de-danilo-medina-quien-se-acerca-a-jovenes-influencers-FI13287442
  4. ^ https://www.dominicancooking.com/21096-constanza-the-switzerland-of-the-caribbean.html
  5. ^ https://www.diariolibre.com/actualidad/politica/secretario-de-estado-de-estados-unidos-advierte-a-danilo-medina-sobre-modificar-la-constitucion-GE13353489
  6. ^ a b "Attorney General arrests two brothers of former Dominican Republic President Danilo Medina". DominicanToday. 29 November 2020. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  7. ^ Checo, José Chez; Sang, Mu-Kien Adriana. "Historia de la Cámara de Diputados - TOMO I. 1844-1978" (PDF). www.camaradediputados.gob.do.
  8. ^ Gonzalez, David (19 May 2000). "Dominican Wins Presidency As Opponent Shuns Runoff". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  9. ^ "PLD emite último boletín de elecciones internas". Diario Libre (in Spanish). 10 May 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  10. ^ "Informe de Observación del congreso Elector del Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD)". Participación Ciudadana (in Spanish). 7 May 2007. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008.
  11. ^ "Gallup otorga a Danilo 62.1%, a Hipólito un 52.6% y a Amable un 51.8%". Listin.com.do.
  12. ^ Santo Domingo (21 May 2012). "Décimo Boletín de la JCE: PLD 51.24% y PRD 46.93%". Listin.com.do.
  13. ^ "Cancelan profesor por decir que Danilo, Félix Bautista y Temístocles plagiaron tesis" (in Spanish). Acento. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  14. ^ "Dominican Republic's president Danilo Medina sworn in". BBC NEWS. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  15. ^ Ahrens, Jan Martínez (17 May 2016). "Danilo Medina es reelegido en República Dominicana". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Danilo Medina, el "presidente más popular" de América Latina, gana la reelección en República Dominicana". BBC News Mundo (in Spanish). 24 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  17. ^ Edwin Espinal (31 August 2012). "Genealogía materna del presidente Danilo Medina". Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía (in Spanish). Hoy. Retrieved 13 December 2013.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Norge Botello
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Ramón Fadul
Preceded by
Rafael Bello Andino
Secretary of State of the Presidency
1996–1999
Succeeded by
Alejandrina Germán
Preceded by
Sergio Grullón
Secretary of State of the Presidency
2004–2006
Succeeded by
César Pina Toribio
Preceded by
Leonel Fernández
President of the Dominican Republic
2012–2020
Succeeded by
Luis Abinader