Danish National Symphony Orchestra
|Danish National Symphony Orchestra|
Copenhagen Concert Hall
|Concert hall||Copenhagen Concert Hall|
|Principal conductor||Fabio Luisi (from 2017)|
The Danish National Symphony Orchestra (Danish: DR SymfoniOrkestret; English abbreviation "DNSO"), is a Danish orchestra based in Copenhagen. The DNSO is the principal orchestra of DR (Danish Broadcasting Corporation). The DRSO is based at the Copenhagen Concert Hall.
The roots of the orchestra date back to the singer Emil Holm, who expressed a wish to establish a full-time symphony orchestra in Denmark. In collaboration with fellow musicians Otto Fessel, Rudolf Dietz Mann and Folmer Jensen, the orchestra was founded in 1925, with 11 players in the ensemble and conductor Launy Grøndahl having a leadership role, though without a formal title. The orchestra grew to 30 players within a year. The orchestra performed its first public concert was in 1927, and began to give weekly concerts in 1928. In 1930, Holm recruited Nikolai Malko to a similar key role like Grøndahl as conductor with the orchestra, though again without Malko having a formal title. Early concerts were at the Axelborg building. In 1931, the orchestra began to give concerts at the Stærekassen hall of the Royal Danish Theatre. After going into exile from Germany in the 1930s, Fritz Busch worked extensively as a major conductor of the orchestra in parallel with Malko, though again with no formal title. By 1948, the orchestra had attained membership of 92 musicians.
The first conductor to have the formal title of principal conductor with the orchestra was Herbert Blomstedt, from 1967 to 1977. His recording work with the orchestra included recordings of the orchestral works of Carl Nielsen. Blomstedt now has the title of æresdirigent (honorary conductor) with the DNSO. The second principal conductor, after an interregnum of 9 years, was Lamberto Gardelli, from 1986 to 1988. Thomas Dausgaard, who was the DNSO's principal guest conductor from 2001 to 2004, became principal conductor of the DNSO in 2004, the first Danish conductor to hold the title. In October 2009, Dausgaard chose to conclude his principal conductorship of the DNSO at the close of the 2010-2011 season and to take the title of æresdirigent. Past principal guest conductors of the DRSO besides Dausgaard have included Yuri Temirkanov, Michael Schønwandt, and Dmitri Kitaenko.
In February 2011, the DNSO announced the appointment of Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos as its next principal conductor, as of the 2012-2013 season, with an initial contract of 3 years through 2015. On 4 June 2014, Frühbeck de Burgos resigned as chief conductor of the orchestra, with immediate effect, in parallel with his retirement from conducting, because of health problems. He died just one week later. In August 2014, the orchestra announced the appointment of Fabio Luisi as its next principal conductor, effective in 2017, with an initial contract through 2020.
The orchestra has recorded commercially for such labels as DaCapo and Chandos, including music of Danish composers such as August Enna, Niels Gade, Rued Langgaard, and Per Nørgård. The orchestra has also commercially recorded such composers as Johannes Brahms.
- Herbert Blomstedt (1967–1977)
- Lamberto Gardelli (1986–1988)
- Leif Segerstam (1988–1995)
- Ulf Schirmer (1995–1998)
- Gerd Albrecht (2000–2004)
- Thomas Dausgaard (2004–2011)
- Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos (2012–2014)
- Fabio Luisi (2017-current)
Danish Radio conductors affiliated with the orchestra
- Launy Grøndahl (1925–1956)
- Emil Reesen (1927–1936)
- Erik Tuxen (1936–1957)
- Mogens Wöldike (1950–1976)
- Thomas Jensen (1957–1963)
- Christina Åstrand (born 1969), violinist
- Niels Eje (born 1954), oboist
- Wilhelm Lanzky-Otto (1909–1991), horn player
- Ulla Miilmann (born 1972), flautist, who plays most of the solos (for example in Brahms's 1st and 4th Symphonies, both in the 4th movement).
- [Left-handed cellist]
- R.L. (Robert Layton) (October 1975). "Nielsen: Orchestral Works". Gramophone. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Dorte Washuus Bundgaard (2010-09-09). "En passioneret dirigent". Kristeligt Dagblad. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Fage-Pedersen, Max. "DR SymfoniOrkestret får sin egen huskomponist". Danish Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved March 2010. Check date values in:
- "The Danish National SO goes for experience". Gramophone. 2011-02-10. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Nicolai Michelsen (2014-06-06). "DR Symfoniorkestret mister chefdirigenten". Danish Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "DR SymfoniOrkestret får ny italiensk chefdirigent". Danish Broadcasting Corporation. 2014-08-31. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
- Emil Bergløv (2014-09-01). "DR hyrer stjernedirigent med faible for parfume". Politiken. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
- Andrew Clements (2006-06-02). "Enna: The Little Match Girl; Zemlinsky: The Mermaid, Dam-Jensen/ Kihlberg/ Danish National Choirs and SO/ Dausgard". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Edward Greenfield (2002-09-13). "Gade: Symphonies Nos 3 and 6; Echoes of Ossian Overture: Danish NSO/Hogwood". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Andrew Clements (2006-08-18). "Langgaard: Antikrist, Byriel/ Dahl/ Gjerris/ Elming/ Nylund/ Danish National SO and choir/ Dausgaard". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Andrew Clements (2002-09-20). "Norgard: Symphony No 6; Terrains Vagues: Danish National Symphony/Dausgaard". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Andrew Clements (2009-04-03). "Nørgård: Symphonies Nos 3 and 7; Danish National Vocal Ensemble, Choir & SO/Dausgaard". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- Edward Greenfield (2004-08-13). "Brahms: Rinaldo; Alto Rhapsody; Gesang der Parzen, Larsson/ Andersen/ Danish National Choir and Symphony Orch/ Albrecht". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-27.