Danish general election, 2015

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Danish general election, 2015

← 2011 18 June 2015 Next →

All 179 seats to the Folketing
90 seats are needed for a majority
Turnout 85.8%[1]

  First party Second party Third party
  Helle Thorning-Schmidt-2.jpg Kristian Thulesen Dahl, 25-05-2014.jpg Lars Løkke Rasmussen (2009).jpg
Leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt Kristian Thulesen Dahl Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Party Social Democrats Danish People's Venstre
Last election 44 seats, 24.9% 22 seats, 12.3% 47 seats, 26.7%
Seats won 47 37 34
Seat change Increase3 Increase15 Decrease13
Popular vote 924,940 741,746 685,188
Percentage 26.3% 21.1% 19.5%
Swing Increase1.4% Increase8.8% Decrease7.2%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Dnk party ø.svg Informal meeting of ministers for foreign affairs (Gymnich). Arrivals Anders Samuelsen (36685969800) (cropped).jpg Danmarks kulturminister Uffe Elbaek vid Nordiska Radets session 2011 i Kopenhamn.jpg
Leader Collective leadership Anders Samuelsen Uffe Elbæk
Party Red–Green Liberal Alliance The Alternative
Last election 12 seats, 6.7% 9 seats, 5.0% New party
Seats won 14 13 9
Seat change Increase2 Increase4 New party
Popular vote 274,463 265,129 168,788
Percentage 7.8% 7.5% 4.8%
Swing Increase1.1% Increase2.5% New party

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Morten Oestergaard (2012).jpg SFP Pia Olsen Dyhr.png SørenPape2.JPG
Leader Morten Østergaard Pia Olsen Dyhr Søren Pape Poulsen
Party Social Liberals Socialist People's Conservative People's
Last election 17 seats, 9.5% 16 seats, 9.2% 8 seats, 4.9%
Seats won 8 7 6
Seat change Decrease9 Decrease9 Decrease2
Popular vote 161,009 147,578 118,003
Percentage 4.6% 4.2% 3.4%
Swing Decrease4.9% Decrease5.0% Decrease1.5%

Wahlkarte Folketing Dänemark 2015 da.svg

Prime Minister before election

Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Social Democrats

Elected Prime Minister

Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Venstre

General elections were held in the Kingdom of Denmark on 18 June 2015 to elect the 179 members of the Folketing. 175 members were elected in the Denmark proper, two in the Faroe Islands and two in Greenland.

Background[edit]

Following the 2011 general election, a minority government was formed by the Social Democrats, the Social Liberal Party and the Socialist People's Party. The government was supported by the Red–Green Alliance. Helle Thorning-Schmidt, the leader of the Social Democrats, became Prime Minister.[2]

The government had rocky relations with the Red–Green Alliance, relying on their ad hoc support to pass bills instead of a formalized alliance. They have occasionally preferred to cooperate with Venstre to pass legislation. Symbolically, Red–Green deputy Frank Aaen told Finance Minister Bjarne Corydon "Happy New Year" on 28 February 2013, because the government had failed to meet with his party since the beginning of 2013.[3]

On 3 February 2014, the Socialist People's Party left the government in protest over the sale of shares in the public energy company DONG Energy to the investment bank Goldman Sachs.[4] This sparked a crisis within the Socialist People's Party, as three former cabinet ministers left the party, joining either the Social Democrats or the Social Liberal Party. However, the Socialist People's Party continued to support the government on confidence motions, preventing an early election.[5]

The incumbent government prior to the elections consisted of a coalition between the Social Democrats and Social Liberal Party, with Helle Thorning-Schmidt continuing as Prime Minister. The cabinet was composed of 14 Social Democratic ministers and 6 Social Liberal ministers.[6][7]

Electoral system[edit]

The 179 members of the Folketing were elected in Denmark (175), the Faroe Islands (2) and Greenland (2). The 175 seats in Denmark included 135 seats elected in ten multi-member constituencies by proportional representation, using a modified version of the Sainte-Laguë method and Hare quota, and 40 "top-up" seats, allocated to parties in order to address any imbalance in the distribution of the constituency seats.[8]

According to the Danish Constitution, the election had to be held no later than 15 September 2015, as the last election was held on 15 September 2011. The Prime Minister was able to call the election at any date, provided it was no later than four years from the previous election, and this is often cited as a tactical advantage to the sitting government, as it can call an early election when polls are favourable. On 27 May Thorning-Schmidt announced that the elections would be held on 18 June 2015.[9]

Opinion polls[edit]

Polls notably underestimated the vote share received by the Danish People's Party.[10][11]

Polling Firm Date V A O B F Ø I C K Å Lead Red
(A+B+F+Ø+Å)
Blue
(V+O+I+C+K)
Gallup June 17 20.6 25.9 18.1 5.2 5.3 8.0 7.1 3.8 1.1 4.7 5.3 49.2 50.7
Greens June 17 20.9 24.4 18.5 5.6 5.4 8.5 7.6 3.3 0.6 5.2 3.5 49.1 50.9
Voxmeter June 17 19.6 25.9 17.2 4.6 6.3 9.8 7.7 3.5 0.9 4.5 6.3 51.1 48.9
Epinion June 17 20.6 24.5 18.0 5.2 5.3 9.3 7.5 3.9 0.7 4.9 4.3 49.2 50.7
Megafon June 17 20.6 25.5 17.9 5.0 5.2 8.6 7.7 3.9 0.9 4.6 5.1 48.9 51.0

Results[edit]

For Denmark proper, the “Red” bloc (A+B+F+Ø+Å) won 85 seats and the “Blue” bloc (V+O+I+C+K) 90 seats. Even with all of the extra four seats from Greenland and the Faroe Islands going to the “Red” bloc, it would still be one seat behind the “Blue” bloc.

Shaded, from red (A+B+F+Å+Ø) to blue (C+I+K+O+V)
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Denmark proper
Social Democrats (A) 924,940 26.3 47 +3
Danish People's Party (O) 741,746 21.1 37 +15
Venstre (V) 685,188 19.5 34 –13
Red–Green Alliance (Ø) 274,463 7.8 14 +2
Liberal Alliance (I) 265,129 7.5 13 +4
The Alternative (Å) 168,788 4.8 9 New
Danish Social Liberal Party (B) 161,009 4.6 8 –9
Socialist People's Party (F) 147,578 4.2 7 –9
Conservative People's Party (C) 118,003 3.4 6 –2
Christian Democrats (K) 29,077 0.8 0 0
Independents 3,066 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 41,073
Total 3,560,060 100 175 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,145,105 85.9
Faroe Islands
Republic 5,730 24.5 1 +1
Social Democratic Party 5,666 24.3 1 0
Union Party 5,500 23.5 0 –1
People's Party 4,368 18.7 0 0
Progress 749 3.2 0 New
Centre Party 605 2.6 0 0
Self-Government Party 403 1.7 0 0
Independents 345 1.5 0 0
Total 23,366 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 65.6
Greenland
Inuit Ataqatigiit 7,904 38.5 1 0
Siumut 7,831 38.2 1 0
Atassut 1,526 7.4 0 0
Democrats 1,753 8.5 0 0
Partii Naleraq 962 4.7 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 538
Total 20,514 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 41,048 50.0
Source: DST, KVF, Qinersineq
Popular vote
A
26.28%
O
21.08%
V
19.47%
Ø
7.80%
I
7.53%
Å
4.80%
B
4.58%
F
4.19%
C
3.35%
K
0.83%
Others
0.09%

Aftermath and government formation[edit]

Although the Social Democrats increased their share of the vote and won the most seats for the first time since 2001, the "Blue" opposition bloc led by Venstre's Rasmussen (Venstre, Danish People's Party, Liberal Alliance, Conservative People's Party, and Christian Democrats) gained a parliamentary majority over the "Red" Social Democrat-led bloc (Social Democrats, Red–Green Alliance, The Alternative, Social Liberals, and Socialist People's Party). Within an hour of the election result being declared, Thorning-Schmidt announced her government would step down on 19 June, and that she would also resign as party leader on the same day.[10]

In accordance with the Danish Constitution, on the day after the election each party submitted their recommendation to Queen Margrethe II for the appointment of a party to be in charge of government formation negotiations (the role of the Queen was purely formal, as her appointment had to reflect the will of the majority of the elected MPs). The submitted recommendations showed a parliamentary majority (all "blue bloc" parties) for Venstre to lead the process of government formation. The negotiation mandate was unconditional from all "blue bloc" parties, except Liberal Alliance, who initially made their support conditional on a first negotiation phase being restricted to the attempt to assemble a majority government (including all elected "blue bloc" parties). After Rasmussen had been granted this specific mandate, he invited such negotiations to begin on 20 June.[12]

Negotiations began on 20 June, but it was not thought likely that a majority government involving all the "blue bloc" parties was possible. The Conservative People's Party indicated they would rather stay out of a government coalition.[13]

The Danish People's Party set out four conditions for their involvement in a coalition: a Eurosceptic approach to the EU, the re-introduction of border controls, further restrictions on immigration and asylum policy, and 0.8% growth in public spending. Meanwhile, the Liberal Alliance also indicated willingness to be in a coalition, but the party supports reductions in public spending,[13] as does Venstre.[14]

On 21 June, Rasmussen concluded that, having tried, it would not be possible to form a majority government and he announced his intention to seek a new negotiation mandate allowing a minority government. On 28 June, Lars Løkke Rasmussen's new government assumed office with a cabinet composed solely of Venstre ministers.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ritzau. "The turnout dipped - 85.8 percent voted". TV2.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  2. ^ Priesler, Marie (6 October 2011). "Helle Thorning-Schmidt: Danes must work more". Nordic Labour Journal. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Kristensen, Kim (4 April 2013). "Det røde ægteskab er gået i stykker". Dagbladet Information (in Danish). Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Hakim, Danny (30 January 2014). "Goldman Deal Threatens Danish Government". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "SF leaves government, Vilhelmsen steps down". The Copenhagen Post. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Regeringen Helle Thorning-Schmidt II" (in Danish). Ministry of the State of Denmark. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Rømer, Mikel (1 September 2014). "Benny Engelbrecht bliver ny skatteminister" (in Danish). DR. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Folketinget (The Danish Parliament)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 10 April 1991. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Danish PM calls general election, saying voters must have say on spending". The Guardian. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Danish election: Opposition bloc wins". BBC News. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Rose, Flemming (19 June 2015). "Six takeaways from the Danish elections". Politico. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Denmark's center-right coalition to form new gov't". China.org.cn. 20 June 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "Rasmussen begins govt negotiations". The Local. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Denmark's Rasmussen to form minority govt". Yahoo! News. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Her er hele Lars Løkkes ministerhold" (in Danish). Jyllands-Posten. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 

External links[edit]