Danish passport

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Danish passport
DK Passport Cover.jpg
The front cover of a contemporary Danish biometric passport
Date first issued1 August 2006[1] (biometric passport)
1 January 2012[2] (current version)
Issued by Kingdom of Denmark
Type of documentPassport
PurposeIdentification
Eligibility requirementsCitizens of the Kingdom of Denmark
Expiration2 years and 4 months for children up to the age of 1
5 years and 4 months for citizens aged 2–17
10 years and 4 months for individuals above the age of 18
(All passports can be renewed for 1 year within 2 years of original expiration date)
Cost
  • DKK 627 (age 18-64)
  • DKK 377 (age 65+)
  • DKK 142 (age 12-17)
  • DKK 115 (age 0-11)[3]

Danish passports are issued to citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark) to facilitate international travel.

Different versions exist for nationals of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands although all citizens have the same nationality. Danish nationals residing in Greenland and the Faroe Islands can choose between the Danish EU passport and the local (Greenlandic or Faroese) non-EU passport.[4]

Every Danish citizen (except for those residing in the Faroe Islands) is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport entitles its bearer to freedom of movement in the European Economic Area and Switzerland as provided in Directive 2004/38/EC.

According to the May 2018 Visa Restrictions Index, Danish citizens can visit 185 countries without a visa or with a visa granted on arrival.

Physical appearance[edit]

The Danish and Greenlandic versions of the passport have burgundy colour covers, according to the European Union's recommendations, while the Faroese version is green. All contain the Danish Coat of Arms emblazoned in the centre of the front cover, with the word DANMARK (Denmark) above it, and the word PAS (Passport) below. Since 1 August 2006, biometric passports are issued. Above the word DANMARK, the Danish version contains the words DEN EUROPÆISKE UNION (European Union) (as all other EU passports), while in the Greenlandic and Faroese versions the text KALAALLIT NUNAAT (Greenland) or FØROYAR (Faroe Islands) is written. Fields on the bearer's page are in Danish, English, and French, with translations in the official languages of the European Union elsewhere in the document. Instead of French, Faroese or Greenlandic are used in the Faroese and Greenlandic versions respectively. The page contains the following information:[5]

  • Photo of the passport holder
  • Type (P)
  • Passport No.
  • Surname
  • Given names
  • Sex
  • Nationality (Danish: Dansk, Danish, French: Danoise)
    • In a Faroe passport the following: Dansk/Danskur/Danish-Foroyskur/Faroese[6]
    • In the Greenlandic passport the first page is in Greenlandic, Danish, and English, and the text on pages 1 and 2 are not in so many different languages, as in the Danish[7]
  • Height
  • Date of Birth
  • Personal Code Number
  • Place of Birth
  • Date of issue/expiry (validity is 10 years from date of issue for adults and 5 years for children)
  • Authority (usually the municipality in which the holder resides)
  • Holder's signature

Passports contain a machine readable strip starting with P>DNK for all types.

Three images of the covers of passports
The front cover of a contemporary biometric Danish diplomatic passport, biometric Faroese passport, and biometric Greenlandic passport.

Different spellings of the same name[edit]

Names containing special letters (æ, ø, å) are spelled the correct way in the non-machine-readable zone, but are mapped in the machine-readable zone, æ becoming AE, ø becoming OE, and å becoming AA. This follows the international machine-readable passport standard.
For example, Gråbøl → GRAABOEL.

Types[edit]

Besides the ordinary passport (with PAS on the cover), also 3 versions of blue service passports (TJENESTEPAS) and a single red diplomatic passport (DIPLOMATPAS) are issued. The latter does not bear the text DEN EUROPÆISKE UNION.

Visa requirements[edit]

Countries and territories with visa-free entries or visas on arrival for holders of regular Danish passports
  Denmark
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

In May 2018, Danish citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 185 countries and territories, thus ranking the Danish passport fifth in the world (tied with the passports of Belgium, Canada, Ireland, and Switzerland) according to the Visa Restrictions Index.[8] According to the World Tourism Organization 2016 report, the Danish passport is first in the world (tied with Finland, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Singapore, and the United Kingdom) in terms of travel freedom, with the mobility index of 160 (out of 215 with no visa weighted by 1, visa on arrival weighted by 0.7, eVisa by 0.5 and traditional visa weighted by 0).[9]

Controversy[edit]

In 2010, an atheist Danish citizen filed a complaint to the Danish Ministry of Justice, due to the passport's inclusion of a picture of the crucifixion of Jesus as shown on the Jelling Stones, arguing that passports should be free of religious symbols.[10] This argument was rejected by leading Danish politicians, arguing that Christianity is a part of Denmark's cultural history, and Christianity was not depicted exclusively, since the passport also includes an image of a dragon motif, likewise taken from the largest Jelling Stone.[11] The passport design including images from the Jelling Stones was introduced in 1997,[12] when the current red design was introduced. Previous Danish passports had been green or beige.

National identity card (lack of)[edit]

EU rules allow any citizen of a member country to travel anywhere in the EU without a passport, if they have a national identity card stating citizenship and some other standardised information. Denmark and a few other EU countries do not issue such cards. There has been some political support for introducing such cards since the EU rule was introduced, but this has not yet become a reality.[13]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - DNK-AO-04001". consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - DNK-AO-05001". consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Passport – Greenlandic and Danish". Sullissivik. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  5. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - DNK-AO-05003". www.consilium.europa.eu.
  6. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - DNK-AO-05002". www.consilium.europa.eu.
  7. ^ "Council of the European Union - PRADO - DNK-AO-05001". www.consilium.europa.eu.
  8. ^ https://www.henleyglobal.com/files/download/HPI2018/PI%202018%20INFOGRAPHS%20GLOBAL%20180518.pdf
  9. ^ "Visa Openness Report 2016" (PDF). World Tourism Organization. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Complaint over passport Jesus". Danmarks Radio website. 4 March 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  11. ^ "Jesus skal blive i det danske pas". Dagbladet Information (in Danish). 2 March 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  12. ^ Adriansen, Inge (2003). Nationale symboler i det Danske Rige (in Danish). 2. Museum Tusculanums Forlag. p. 369.
  13. ^ Flertal for nationalt ID-kort (b.dk 2004)