Danish passport

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Danish passport
DK Passport Cover.jpg
The front cover of a contemporary Danish biometric passport
Date first issued 1 August 2006 (current biometric version)
Issued by  Kingdom of Denmark
Type of document Passport
Purpose Identification
Eligibility requirements Citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark
Expiration 28 months for children up to the age of 1
64 months for citizens aged 2–17
124 months for individuals above the age of 18
(All passports can be renewed for 12 more months within 24 months of original expiration date)

Danish passports are issued to citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark) to facilitate international travel.

Different versions exist for nationals of Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands although all citizens have the same nationality. Danish nationals residing in Greenland and the Faroe Islands can choose between the Danish EU passport and the local (Greenlandic or Faroese) non-EU passport.[1]

Every Danish citizen (except for those residing in the Faroe Islands) is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport entitles its bearer to freedom of movement in the European Economic Area and Switzerland as provided in Directive 2004/38/EC.

According to the 2016 Visa Restrictions Index, Danish citizens can visit 174 countries without a visa or with a visa granted on arrival.

Physical appearance[edit]

The Danish and Greenlandic versions of the passport have burgundy colour covers, according to the European Union's recommendations, while the Faroese version is green. All contain the Danish Coat of Arms emblazoned in the centre of the front cover, with the word DANMARK (Denmark) above it, and the word PAS (Passport) below. Since 1 August 2006, biometric passports are issued. Above the word DANMARK, the Danish version contains the words DEN EUROPÆISKE UNION (European Union) (as all other EU passports), while in the Greenlandic and Faroese versions the text KALAALLIT NUNAAT (Greenland) or FØROYAR (Faroe Islands) is written. Fields on the bearer's page are in Danish, English and French, with translations in the official languages of the European Union elsewhere in the document. Instead of French, Faroese or Greenlandic are used in the Faroese and Greenlandic versions respectively. The page contains the following information:[2]

  • Photo of the passport holder
  • Type (P)
  • Passport No.
  • Surname
  • Given names
  • Sex
  • Nationality (Danish: Dansk, Danish, French: Danoise)
    • In the Faroe passport with the addition: Dansk/Danskur/Danish-Foroyskur/Faroese[3]
    • In the Greenlandic passport is the first page in Greenlandic, Danish and English, and the text on pages 1 and 2 are not in so many different languages, as in the Danish[4]
  • Height
  • Date of Birth
  • Personal Code Number
  • Place of Birth
  • Date of issue/expiry (validity is 10 years from date of issue for adults and 5 years for children)
  • Authority (usually the municipality in which the holder resides)
  • Holder's signature

Passports contain a machine readable strip starting with P>DNK for all types.

Three images of the covers of passports
The front cover of a contemporary biometric Danish diplomatic passport, biometric Faroese passport and biometric Greenlandic passport.

Different spellings of the same name[edit]

Names containing special letters (æ, ø, å) are spelled the correct way in the non-machine-readable zone, but are mapped in the machine-readable zone, æ becoming AE, ø becoming OE, and å becoming AA. This follows the international machine-readable passport standard.
For example, Gråbøl → GRAABOEL.

Types[edit]

Besides the ordinary passport (with PAS on the cover), also 3 versions of blue service passports (TJENESTEPAS) and a single red diplomatic passport (DIPLOMATPAS) are issued. The latter does not bear the text DEN EUROPÆISKE UNION.

Visa requirements[edit]

Countries and territories with visa-free entries or visas on arrival for holders of regular Danish passports

In 2016, Danish citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 174 countries and territories, thus ranking the Danish passport 4th in the world (tied with American, Belgian and Dutch) according to the Visa Restrictions Index.[5] According to the World Tourism Organization 2016 report, the Danish passport is 1st in the world (tied with Finland, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Singapore and the United Kingdom) in terms of travel freedom, with the mobility index of 160 (out of 215 with no visa weighted by 1, visa on arrival weighted by 0.7, eVisa by 0.5 and traditional visa weighted by 0).[6]

Fees[edit]

Denmark (as of 2012*)[edit]

Document Adult (18 and over) Children (under 18) Senior (65+)
32 pages DKK 625 DKK 140 DKK 375
Validity 10 years 5 years 10 years

Faroe Islands[edit]

Document Adult (18 and over) Children (under 18) Senior (67+)
32 pages DKK 400 DKK 115 DKK 150
Validity 10 years 2 and 5 years 10 years

Greenland[edit]

Document Adult (18 and over) Children (12 to 17) Children (under 12) Senior (65+)
32 pages DKK 425 DKK 140 DKK 115 DKK 150
Validity 10 years 5 years 2 and 5 years 10 years

Controversy[edit]

In 2010, an atheist Danish citizen filed a complaint to the Danish Ministry of Justice, due to the passport's inclusion of a picture of the crucifixion of Jesus as shown on the Jelling Stones, arguing that passports should be free of religious symbols.[7] This argument was rejected by leading Danish politicians, arguing that Christianity is a part of Denmark's cultural history, and Christianity was not depicted exclusively, since the passport also includes an image of a dragon motif, likewise taken from the largest Jelling Stone.[8] The passport design including images from the Jelling Stones was introduced in 1997,[9] when the current red design was introduced. Previous Danish passports had been green or beige.

National identity card (lack of)[edit]

EU rules allow any citizen of a member country to travel anywhere in the EU without a passport, if they have a national identity card stating citizenship and some other standardised information. Denmark and a few other EU countries do not issue such cards. There has been some political support for introducing such cards since the EU rule was introduced, but this has not yet become a reality.[10]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Passport – Greenlandic and Danish". Sullissivik. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Danish Passport AO4001". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 17 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Danish (Faroese) Passport AO4002". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 17 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Danish (Greenlandic) Passport AO-05003". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2016" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 11 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "Visa Openness Report 2016" (PDF). World Tourism Organization. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Complaint over passport Jesus". Danmarks Radio website. 4 March 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "Jesus skal blive i det danske pas". Dagbladet Information (in Danish). 2 March 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Adriansen, Inge (2003). Nationale symboler i det Danske Rige (in Danish). 2. Museum Tusculanums Forlag. p. 369. 
  10. ^ Flertal for nationalt ID-kort (b.dk 2004)