The Danish straits are the three channels connecting the Baltic Sea to the North Sea through the Kattegat and Skagerrak. They transect Denmark, and are not to be confused with the Denmark Strait between Greenland and Iceland. The three main passages are:
Naming and geography
Specifically, there are five straits named 'belt' (Danish: bælt), the only ones in the world. Several straits are named 'sound' (Danish, Swedish and German: sund). Where an island is situated between a "belt" and a "sound", typically the broader strait is called "belt" and the more narrow one is the "sound":
- separated from the continent by Alssund
- separated from Fyn by the southern part of the Little Belt, an area referred to in German (but not Danish) as Alsenbelt
- separated from Tåsinge Island by Siø Sund (Tåsinge itself is separated from Fyn by Svendborg Sund)
- separated from Lolland by Langelandsbælt, the southern part of Great Belt
- Zealand (Danish: Sjælland)
Etymology of Sound / Sund
The Germanic word "sound" has the same root as the verb to sunder in the meaning of "to separate'". The Old Norse form of that verb is sundr. In Norway hundreds of narrow straits separating islands and combining Fjords or outer parts of Fjords are named "Sund".
Another explanation derives Sound from an ancient verb "sund" in the meaning of to swim. That way a sound is a swimmable strait. In Swedish language any strait is called "sund".
- Denmark 1:500,000 – official map for download
- Norwegian dictionary: sund
- Norwegian dictionary: sundre