Dankuni

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Dankuni
City
Dankuni is located in West Bengal
Dankuni
Dankuni
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°41′07″N 88°17′32″E / 22.6854°N 88.2922°E / 22.6854; 88.2922Coordinates: 22°41′07″N 88°17′32″E / 22.6854°N 88.2922°E / 22.6854; 88.2922
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
 • BodyDankuni Municipality
Population
(2011)
 • Total249,840
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Dankuni is a fast-growing industrial city near Kolkata, in Serampore subdivision of Hooghly district, West Bengal, India. The city is under Kolkata metropolitan area or Greater Kolkata. Serampore City is 10.5 km & Howrah city is 15 km and Sealdah railway station is 16 km from Dankuni.

Geography[edit]

Cities and towns in Chanditala I, Chanditala II and Jangipara CD Blocks in Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location[edit]

Dankuni is located at 22°41′07″N 88°17′32″E / 22.6854°N 88.2922°E / 22.6854; 88.2922.

Kharsarai, Tisa, Kapashanria, Jaykrishnapur, Purba Tajpur, Begampur, Baksa, Panchghara, Chikrand, Janai, Pairagachha, Naiti, Barijhati, Garalgachha and Krishnapur, all the census towns form a series from the northern part of Chanditala II CD Block to its southern part. The only municipality in the area, Dankuni, located outside the CD Block, occupies the south-east corner of the entire cluster.[1]

Police station[edit]

Dankuni police station has jurisdiction over Dankuni municipal area, and parts of Chanditala II and Sreerampur Uttarpara CD Blocks.[2][3]

Urbanisation[edit]

Srirampore subdivision is the most urbanized of the subdivisions in Hooghly district. 73.13% of the population in the subdivision is urban and 26.88% is rural. The subdivision has 6 municipalities and 34 census towns. The municipalities are: Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality, Konnagar Municipality, Serampore Municipality, Baidyabati Municipality, Rishra Municipality and Dankuni Municipality. Amongst the CD Blocks in the subdivision, Uttarapara Serampore (census towns shown in a separate map) had 76% urban population, Chanditala I 42%, Chanditala II 69% and Jangipara 7% (census towns shown in the map above).[4][5]All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Dankuni Urban Agglomeration had a population of 249,840, out of which 128,139 were males and 121,701 were females. The 0–6 years population was 22,956. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 85.69 per cent.[6]

Dankuni Urban Agglomeration[edit]

As per the 2011 census, Dankuni Urban Agglomeration includes: Dankuni (M), Purba Tajpur (CT), Kharsarai (CT), Begampur (CT), Chikrand (CT), Pairagachha (CT), Barijhati (CT), Garalgachha (CT), Krishnapur (CT), Baruipara (CT), Borai (CT), Nawapara (CT), Basai (CT), Gangadharpur (CT), Manirampur (CT), Janai (CT), Kapashanria (CT), Jaykrishnapur (CT), Tisa (CT), Baksa (CT), Panchghara (CT) and Naiti (CT).[7]

Economy[edit]

Commercial and Industrial activity[edit]

Some of the units engaged in commercial and industrial activity in and around Dankuni are:

  • Diesel Locomotive Component Factory of the Indian Railways was inaugurated by Mamata Banerjee at Dankuni in 2012. It produces high horse power diesel locomotive underframes etc. It functions as a sister unit of Diesel Locomotive Works at Varanasi.[8][9][10]
  • The Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor will have its eastern terminus at Dankuni. The 1,839 km long Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor from Ludhiana to Dankuni, is part of the total Dedicated Freight Corridor Project, presently with two corridors (western and eastern). The Son Nagar-Dankuni sector of the eastern corridor, will have electrified double line. There is provision for extension of the lines to the proposed deep-sea port in the Kolkata area. The Sonnagar-Dankuni sector is to be implemented through the PPP mode. The eastern corridor will serve primarily the steel and coal sectors. The Government of India approved the project in 2006 at an estimated initial cost of Rs. 28,181 crores. As of 2015, the project is delayed and needs additional sanctions for cost over runs.[14][15][16]
  • Mother Dairy, Kolkata was set up as a part of Operation Flood launched by the National Dairy Development Board in the 1970s. It covered the 4 metros and all the units were named Mother Dairy. Eventually, NDDB moved out and West Bengal Cooperative Milk Producers Federation took over in 1996. This is separate from the Delhi-based Mother Dairy. Kolkata Mother Dairy’s main plant at Dankuni produces 4.5 lakh litres of milk daily. Apart from milk, it produces dahi, yoghurt, paneer, ghee and drinking water.[17][18][19]
  • Dankuni Coal Complex, operated by South Eastern Coalfields, at Dankuni, produces 1,000 MT per day of solid smokeless fuel branded as CILCOKE, 18 million cft per day of coalgas for supply in and around Kolkata and Howrah, tar chemicals etc.[20]
  • Bhusan Power and Steel started with a cold rolling and galvanising plants in 2001 at Bangihati, Mallickpara, Dankuni and have subsequently expanded.[21]
  • Dankuni Poly Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. was incorporated in 1982. It manufactures refined petroleum products.[22]
  • Nezone Tubes Ltd., Delhi Road, Village: Chakundi, DCC Township, Dankuni, was established in 2000. It produces galzanised tubes, steel tubes and galvanised pipes.[23]
  • Bengal Beverages Pvt. Ltd. was established at Dankuni in 1984. The authorised bottlers of Coca-Cola, its key products include Thumps Up, Sprite, Coca-Cola, Fanta, Limca, Maaza, Kinley Soda and Kinley Water.[24]
  • Patco Tech India Private Limited was established at Dankuni in 2007. It manufactures and exports discharge and collecting electrodes and air preheater baskets, used in thermal power and steel industries.[25]
  • Vikrant Forge Limited was established at Dankuni in 1985. It manufactures and exports forgings up to 8 tonnes for the power, steel and other industries.[26]
  • Anmol Industries (formerly. Anmol Biscuits)., one of the leading biscuit manufacturers, was established in 1993. It produces 8 lakh cartons per month (in 2017). It has manufacturing units at Dankuni and Noida.[27][28]
  • Ifabex Technologies formed in 2012.Engineering company and channel partner for fault tolerant solutions.

Township project[edit]

The TN Mukherjee road at Durgapur Expressway, Dankuni. June 2014.

There was a plan for a new township at Dankuni. The project area was 4,846 acres (19.61 km2) of which 4,069 acres (16.47 km2) was township area and 777 acres (3.14 km2) was earmarked as industrial area. The project area covered 20 mouzas (villages) – 5 full and 15 part, spread across four police stations, namely Dankuni, Chanditala, Singur and Serampore. Important railway stations in the project area were Gobra, Janai Road and Begampur, apart from the important station at Dankuni itself, all on the Howrah-Bardhaman chord. Important road corridors cutting across the project area were Durgapur Expressway (NH 19), Delhi Road, Naity Road and Serampore-Siakhala Road. The Delhi-based DLF, which had entered into an agreement with KMDA for development of the township, withdrew from the project in 2009, primarily because KMDA was unable to procure land.[29]

Transport[edit]

Dankuni railway station

Both NH 19 and NH 16 terminate at Dankuni.[30] The Palsit-Dankuni section of NH 19 (old numbering NH 2) is also referred to as Durgapur Expressway. Other major arteries meeting at Dankuni are Belghoria Expressway connecting to NH 12 (old numbering: NH 34), SH 13/ Dankuni-Mogra Delhi Road and SH 15.[31][32]

Dankuni railway station is located on the Howrah-Bardhaman chord, which was constructed in 1917. It is an important yard of the Howrah division. The Calcutta Chord from Dum Dum to Dankuni over the Willingdon Bridge (renamed Vivekananda Bridge) was opened in 1932.[33] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Already, there is a growing presence of freight and wagon movements around Dankuni Railway Station, which is important as it connects Eastern Railway with South Eastern Railway with a link line. Dankuni, has a fast-growing freight yard, where goods traffic is moved, sorted, and packed to deliver at other destinations.

Education[edit]

Dankuni is home to Shree Ramkrishna Sishu Tirtha High School, Patha Bhavan, The Methodist School, Ramkrishna Vidyashram, Garalgacha High School, The Abacus Central School, Daniuni Public School, Methodist School etc.Also a primary school Abhedananda Siksha Mandir running successfully.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Hooghly" (PDF). Map of Chanditala II CD Block, page 663. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  2. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Hooghly District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  5. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21.
  7. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Mamata inaugurates Dankuni railway factory". The Hindu Business Line, 28 May 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Mamata inaugurates diesel locomotive factory". India TV 28 May 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Cabinet approves creation of one post of Chief Works Manager in the Mechanical Department on Eastern Railway". PM India. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  11. ^ "2016:Various achievements of the Ministry of Railways". 2 January 2017. Political Mirror. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Rlys to appoint consultats for locomotive unit". The Economic Times, 3 October 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Bids opened for procurement of 200 locomotives". Business Standard, 1 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Chapter 3:Dedicated Freight Corridor Projects" (PDF). Status of Ongoing Projects of Indian Railways, Report No. 48 of 2015. CAG. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) project" (PDF). 5.5.2010. Indian Railways. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Dedicated Freight Corridor Project:Progress and Opportunities" (PDF). DFC, 6 February 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Plants". West Bengal Cooperative Milk Producers Federation. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Mother Dairy gets new avtar, new mission". The Times of India, 17 June 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  19. ^ "Mother Dairy promoter forays into mineral water business". Business Standard, 15 November 2001. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  20. ^ "Dankuni Coal Complex". South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  21. ^ "Bhusan Power & Steel". Manufacturing Units. Bhusan Power & Steel. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Dankuni Poly Chemicals Pvt Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  23. ^ "Nezone Tubes Ltd". indiamart. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  24. ^ "Bengal Beverages Ltd". Indian Beverage Association. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  25. ^ "Patco Tech India Private Limited". indiamart.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  26. ^ "Vikrant Forge Limited". ExportersIndia.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  27. ^ "Anmol Biscuits Ltd". tradeindia.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  28. ^ "Top 10 biscuit brands in India". Business Maps of India. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  29. ^ "DLF exits Dankuni Township Project". Namrata Acharya. Business Standard, 14 May 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  30. ^ "Completed Stretches on NH2 (Delhi-Kolkata)". Status : 31st Aug , 2005. National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
  31. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  32. ^ "Road - Highway". Public Works Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  33. ^ Chaudhuri, Sukanta, The Railway Comes to Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 239, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.