Danny Barker

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Danny Barker
DannyBarkerWaldenburgArmstrong3Crop.jpg
Background information
Born(1909-01-13)January 13, 1909
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
DiedMarch 13, 1994(1994-03-13) (aged 85)
New Orleans
GenresJazz, blues, zydeco
Occupation(s)Musician, vocalist
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, banjo, ukulele
Associated actsCab Calloway, Blue Lu Barker, Fairview Baptist Church Marching Band
Sign indicating Barker's birthplace

Daniel Moses Barker (January 13, 1909 – March 13, 1994) was an American jazz musician, vocalist, and author from New Orleans. He was a rhythm guitarist for various bands of the day, including Cab Calloway, Lucky Millinder and Benny Carter throughout the 1930s.

One of Barker's earliest teachers in New Orleans was fellow banjoist Emanuel Sayles, with whom he recorded. Throughout his career, he played with Jelly Roll Morton, Baby Dodds, James P. Johnson, Sidney Bechet, Mezz Mezzrow, and Red Allen. He also toured and recorded with his wife, singer Blue Lu Barker. From the 1960s, Barker's work with the Fairview Baptist Church Brass Band was pivotal in ensuring the longevity of jazz in New Orleans, producing generations of new talent, including Wynton and Branford Marsalis who played in the band as youths.

Biography[edit]

Jazz musicians Kermit Ruffins and Danny Barker (right), French Quarter Festival

Danny Barker was born to a family of musicians in New Orleans in 1909, the grandson of bandleader Isidore Barbarin and nephew of drummers Paul Barbarin and Louis Barbarin. He took up clarinet and drums before switching to a ukulele that his aunt got him, and then a banjo from his uncle or a trumpeter named Lee Collins.[1][2][3]

Barker began his career as a musician in his youth with his streetband the Boozan Kings, and also toured Mississippi with Little Brother Montgomery. In 1930 he moved to New York City and switched to the guitar. On the day of his arrival in New York, his uncle Paul took him to the Rhythm Club, where he saw an inspiring performance by McKinney's Cotton Pickers. It was their first performance in New York as a band.[4]

Barker played with several acts when he moved to New York, including Fess Williams, Billy Fowler and the White Brothers. He worked with Buddy Harris in 1933, Albert Nicholas in 1935, Lucky Millinder from 1937 to 1938, and Benny Carter in 1938. During his time in New York, he frequently played with West Indian musicians, who often mistook him for one of them due to his Creole style of playing.[5]

From 1939 to 1946 he frequently recorded with Cab Calloway, and started his own group featuring his wife Blue Lu Barker after leaving Calloway. On September 4, 1945 he recorded with Ohio's native jazz pianist, Sir Charles Thompson, and saxophonists Dexter Gordon and Charlie Parker.[1] In 1947 he was performing again with Lucky Millinder, and also with Bunk Johnson. He returned to working with Al Nicholas in 1948 and in 1949 rejoined efforts with his wife in a group.

During the 1950s he was primarily a freelance musician, but did work with his uncle Paul Barbarin from 1954 to 1955. In the mid-1950s he went to California to record again with Albert Nicholas.[6] He performed at the 1960 Newport Jazz Festival with Eubie Blake. In 1963 he was working with Cliff Jackson, and then in 1964 appeared at the World Fair leading his own group.[6] Sometime in the early 1960s he formed a group he called Cinderella.

In 1965, Barker returned to New Orleans and took up a position as assistant to the curator of the New Orleans Jazz Museum. In 1970 he founded and led a church-sponsored brass band for young people—the Fairview Baptist Church Marching Band—which became popular. Reverend Andrew Darby, Jr., the Pastor of Fairview Baptist Church commissioned 'Brother' Barker to form a Christian band, and Barker went throughout the neighborhood of the church enlisting young musicians. The Fairview band launched the careers of a number of professional musicians who went on to perform in brass band and mainstream jazz contexts, including Leroy Jones, Wynton Marsalis, Branford Marsalis, Kirk Joseph, Nicholas Payton, Shannon Powell, Lucien Barbarin, Dr. Michael White and others. As Joe Torregano—another Fairview band alumnus—described it, "That group saved jazz for a generation in New Orleans."[7]

...I had certain teachers that really inspired me, like Danny Barker, and John Longo.

Wynton Marsalis[8]

In later years the band became known as the Dirty Dozen Brass Band. During that time, he also led the French Market Jazz Band.[9]

It was the earnest and general feeling that any Negro who... entered the hell-hole called the state of Mississippi for any reason other than to attend the funeral of a very close relative... was well on the way to losing his mentality, or had already lost it.

Danny Barker in reference to touring with Little Brother Montgomery in Mississippi quoted in Escaping the Delta by Elijah Wald[10]

Barker played regularly at many New Orleans venues from the late 1960s through the early 1990s, in addition to touring. During the 1994 Mardi Gras season, Barker reigned as King of Krewe du Vieux. He also published an autobiography and many articles on New Orleans and jazz history.

Barker wrote and had published two books on jazz from the Oxford University Press. The first was Bourbon Street Black, cowritten with Dr. Jack V. Buerkle, in 1973, which was followed by A Life In Jazz in 1986. He also enjoyed painting and was an amateur landscape artist.[1]

Living during a period when segregation was still common practice in the United States, Barker faced many obstacles during his career.[10] Barker suffered from diabetes throughout most of his adult life, and was often in general poor health.[11] He died of cancer in New Orleans on 13 March 1994 at age 85.

Film[edit]

Barker is featured posthumously in the 2011 non-fiction film by Darren Hoffman, Tradition is a Temple. Musicians from the documentary speak at length of the profound impact that Barker had on their lives and careers and New Orleans poet Chuck Perkins reads a poem written for and dedicated to his memory. Barker appears in Les Blank's New Orleans documentary Always for Pleasure, including an interview (with Blue Lu) and several performance sequences. Barker also appeared in the 1987 American television drama film A Gathering of Old Men, in which he played the role of Chimlee.

Partial discography[edit]

Year Album Leader Label
1945 Charlie Parker: Every Bit of It 1945 Charles Thompson Spotlite
1947 Creole Reeds Sidney Bechet Riverside
1947 My Indian Red Danny Barker King Zulu
1955 Paul Barbarin and His New Orleans Jazz Paul Barbarin Atlantic
1957 Broadcast Performances, Vol. 3: Radio and TV Broadcasts (1956–1958) Billie Holiday ESP-Disk
1958 Mainstream Vic Dickenson Atlantic
1958 LaVern Baker Sings Bessie Smith Phil Moore Atlantic
1959 A Girl and Her Guitar Mary Osborne Apollo
1960 Ham and Eggs / Liza Little Liza Jane Leroy Parkins Bethlehem
1961 Things Ain't What They Used to Be The Swingville All Stars Swingsville
1988 Save the Bones Danny Barker Orleans

Awards[edit]

  • 1994 - Big Easy Entertainment Awards - Best Traditional Jazz Group for Danny Barker
  • 1993 - Big Easy Entertainment Awards - Lifetime Achievement In Music
  • 1993 - Big Easy Entertainment Awards - Best Traditional Jazz Group for Danny Barker
  • 1991 - National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) NEA Jazz Masters Award
  • 1991 - Big Easy Entertainment Awards - Best Traditional Jazz Group for Danny Barker
  • 1990 - Big Easy Entertainment Awards - Best Traditional Jazz Group for Danny Barker and the Jazz Hounds
  • 1989 - Big Easy Entertainment Awards - Best Traditional Jazz Group for Danny Barker and the Jazz Hounds with Blue Lu Barker

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Barker, Danny and Alyn Shipton. A Life in Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Levin, Floyd (2002). Classic Jazz: A Personal View of the Music and the Musicians. University of California Press. p. 191. ISBN 0-520-23463-4.
  2. ^ Parsonage, Catherine (2005). The Evolution of Jazz in Britain. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 111. ISBN 0-7546-5076-6.
  3. ^ Gillis, Frank (1989). Oh, Didn't He Ramble: The Life Story of Lee Collins as Told to Mary Collins. University of Illinois Press. p. 44. ISBN 0-252-06081-4.
  4. ^ DeVeaux, Scott (1997). The Birth of Bebop: A Social and Musical History. University of California Press. p. 209. ISBN 0-520-21665-2.
  5. ^ Bolden, Buddy. "New Orleans Jazz and Caribbean Music". Retrieved 2007-05-31.
  6. ^ a b Chilton, John (1985). Who's Who of Jazz: Storyville to Swing Street. Da Capo Press. p. 20. ISBN 0-306-76271-4.
  7. ^ Burns, Mick (2006). Keeping the Beat On the Street: The New Orleans Brass Band Renaissance. Baton Rouge: LSU. p. 16.
  8. ^ "Wynton Marsalis Interview Transcript". Archived from the original on 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
  9. ^ Koster, Rick (2002). Louisiana Music: A Journey from R&B to Zydeco, Jazz to Country, Blues to Gospel, Cajun Music to ... Da Capo Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-306-81003-4.
  10. ^ a b Wald, Elijah (2004). Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues. HarperCollins. p. 84. ISBN 0-06-052423-5.
  11. ^ Balliett, Whitney (2000). Collected Works: A Journal of Jazz 1954-2000. St. Martin's Press. p. 268. ISBN 0-312-27008-9.

External links[edit]