Dante's Inferno (1924 film)
|Directed by||Henry Otto|
|Produced by||Fox Film|
|Written by||Edmund Goulding (screenplay)|
Cyrus Wood (story)
by Dante Alighieri
|Distributed by||Fox Film Corporation|
Dante's Inferno (1924) is a silent film released by Fox Film Corporation, and adapted from Inferno, part of Dante Alighieri's epic poem Divine Comedy. The film mixes material from Dante's "Inferno" with plot points from Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol. The book was filmed earlier in 1909 in Italy as Dante's Inferno, and Fox later remade the film in 1935, again as Dante's Inferno, starring Spencer Tracy in the lead role.
The tactics of a vicious slumlord and greedy businessman named Mortimer Judd finally drive a distraught man named Eugene Craig, whom he has forced into bankruptcy, to commit suicide. He constantly refuses requests for charity and treats his bedridden wife very badly. The businessman receives a copy of Dante's Inferno in the mail and reads it. In the story, a floating angel raises its sword and parts a legion of demons to allow Dante to pass, naked sinners burn in boiling tar and suicides are transformed into living trees in a forest in Hell. Judd is plunged into a frightening dream in which he is tried for murder and executed, and is afterward taken by demons to Hell where he will spend the rest of eternity. The nightmare teaches him humility and the importance of extending charity to those less fortunate than himself. He gets the chance to redeem himself by preventing Eugene Craig from committing suicide.
- Ralph Lewis - Mortimer Judd
- Winifred Landis - Mrs. Judd
- William Scott - Ernest Judd
- Pauline Starke - Nursei Marjorie Vernon
- Josef Swickard - Eugene Craig
- Gloria Grey - Mildred Craig
- Lorimer Johnston - The doctor
- Lawson Butt - Dante
- Howard Gaye - Virgil
- Carmencita Johnson - Baby
- Bud Jamison - The butler (uncredited) (*in blackface)
- Noble Johnson - Devil with lash whipping woman (uncredited)
- Lon Poff - Secretary (uncredited)
- Carrie Clark Ward - singer in radio program (uncredited)
The UCLA Film and Television Archive has an incomplete print, three reels out of a total of five reels. A print of the film reportedly also survives at the Museum of Modern Art. Some of the original prints of this film had the scenes in hell tinted in red.
This film, like several previous Fox Films such as The Queen of Sheba, A Daughter of the Gods and some Theda Bara films, featured full nudity in some sequences. Actress Pauline Starke is completely nude in the Hell sequences, with the exception of a large flowing black wig that covers her nether regions. Some bit players and extras are fully nude. The different prints of the film were more than likely edited according to the attitudes of the different regions or parts of the world they played in. The film also features popular comic actor Bud Jamison in blackface as a butler; he is easily recognizable under the makeup, and his initial appearance has caused some laughter by knowledgeable film buffs at its occasional screenings.
For his 1980 sci-fi thriller Altered States director Ken Russell intercut borrowed footage from this film with his own digital effects to create a hallucination sequence.
Critic Christopher Workman writes "Despite some massive striking sets and a few truly magnificent moments....the repeated red-tinted shots of bodies writhing in flames get old quick. Without much story to shore it up, the film falls flat well before its conclusion.... But (the 1935 version) was even less interesting, with the vision of Hell compressed into a single 10-minute segment."
- "Progressive Silent Film List: Dante's Inferno". Silent Era. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- Bond, Jeremy (2009). "Dante's Inferno: Pre-Code Decadence Falls to the Flames". In New England Vintage Film Society (ed.). Spencer Tracy Fox Film Actor: The Pre-Code Legacy of a Hollywood Legend. Xlibris. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-4363-4137-0
- Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 275. ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.