"The City of Firsts"; "Birthplace of the Bluegrass"; "Title Town"
Location of Danville in Boyle County, Kentucky.
|• Mayor||Mike Perros|
|• City Manager||Vacant|
|• Commissioners||James Atkins|
|• Total||17.28 sq mi (44.76 km2)|
|• Land||17.18 sq mi (44.50 km2)|
|• Water||0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)|
|Elevation||984 ft (300 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||976.02/sq mi (376.85/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0490584|
Danville is a home rule-class city in Boyle County, Kentucky, United States. It is the seat of its county. The population was 16,218 at the 2010 Census. Danville is the principal city of the Danville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Boyle and Lincoln counties.
In 2001, Danville received a Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation. In 2011, Money magazine placed Danville as the fourth-best place to retire in the United States. Centre College in Danville was selected to host U.S. Vice-Presidential debates in 2000 and 2012.
Within Kentucky, Danville is called the "City of Firsts":
- It housed the first courthouse in Kentucky.
- The first Kentucky constitution was written and signed here.
- It was the first capital of Kentucky.
- It had the first U.S. post office west of the Allegheny Mountains.
- It hosts the first state-supported school for the deaf.
- Ephraim McDowell completed the first known successful laparotomy here in 1809, removing an ovarian tumor from a woman patient without anesthesia.
- It is the home of Centre College, housing the oldest college administration building and campus west of the Allegheny Mountains.
Danville was part of the Great Settlement Area around Harrod's Fort (present-day Harrodsburg), which was first settled in 1774. The site was originally known as Crow's Station for settler John Crow, but the town was surveyed and platted by Walker Daniel, Kentucky's first district attorney, who bought 76 acres (31 ha) near the Wilderness Road from Crow in 1783. The city was named for Daniel. The Virginia legislature officially established Danville on December 4, 1787.
Between 1784 and 1792, ten conventions were held in Danville to petition for better governance and ultimately to secure independence from Virginia. In 1786 the Danville Political Club was organized. It met each Saturday night at Grayson's Tavern to discuss the political, economic, and social concerns of the day. After a state constitution was adopted and separation was confirmed in 1792, the town ceased to be of statewide importance. Its leading citizens moved elsewhere.
Transylvania University was founded in Danville in 1783. It moved to Lexington in 1789. Centre College was founded in 1819. Danville Theological Seminary was founded in 1853; in 1901 it became part of the Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary. The Caldwell Institute for Young Ladies was founded in 1860. It became Caldwell Female College in 1876, Caldwell College in 1904, Kentucky College for Women in 1913, and merged into Centre College in 1926.
In November 1806, Meriwether Lewis, co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, visited Danville while traveling the Wilderness Road to Washington, D.C., to report on the expedition, which had returned from the Pacific Coast. In December 1806, William Clark visited his nephews in school in Danville before following Lewis to Washington.
The first school in Danville for African-American children was founded around 1840 by Willis Russell, an emancipated slave of Robert Craddock, a Revolutionary War veteran. Craddock deeded a log house in Danville to Russell. He moved to the town after Craddock's death and started a school for children. The house still stands on Walnut Street.
In 1850, Danville and Boyle County backed construction of the Lexington and Danville Railroad. Money ran out when the railroad reached Nicholasville. John A. Roebling had already built towers for a railroad suspension bridge over the Kentucky River. (Roebling lived in Danville during the construction.) Despite the railroad not being completed to Danville, the county still owed the company $150,000. It completed payment on time in 1884.
After the Union Army won the Battle of Perryville in the Civil War on October 8, 1862, it appropriated many Danville buildings, including the courthouse, for use as hospitals. On October 11, a Union force drove Confederate forces from the county fairgrounds through Danville.
In May 1864, the group of 250 – mostly enslaved males but including some freedmen – marched from Danville to nearby Camp Nelson in Jessamine County, where Colonel Andrew Clark allowed them to enlist In the Union Army after some initial hesitation. Arriving with wounds inflicted upon them in route, this group was the first to enlist at this site, where 10,000 United States Colored Troops trained. 
In 1775, Archibald McNeill planted Kentucky's first recorded hemp crop at Clark's Run Creek near Danville. By 1889 Boyle County was one of the ten Kentucky counties which together produced more than 90% of the US yield. It was the state's largest cash crop until 1915, when it lost its market to imported jute.
From the turn of the 20th century through the 1960s, Danville was home to a thriving African-American business sector located on and around 2nd Street on the western edge of what is now Constitution Square Historic Site. The city demolished this business sector under urban renewal in the 1970s to provide for the expansion of Constitution Square Park.
On October 5, 2000, Dick Cheney and Senator Joe Lieberman, candidates for Vice President of the United States, debated at Centre College during the 2000 presidential election. On October 11, 2012, Centre College again hosted the Vice-Presidential debate, this time between Vice President Joe Biden and Wisconsin Representative Paul Ryan.
Danville is located in eastern Boyle County at.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41.2 km2), of which 15.8 square miles (41.0 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.58%, is water.
- U.S. Route 127 bisects Danville northwest (Harrodsburg) to south (Liberty).
- U.S. Route 150 bisects Danville west (Perryville, Springfield) to southeast (Stanford).
- U.S. Route 127 Bypass encircles the Danville from on the west and south. It runs concurrently with U.S. Route 150 Bypass from its southernmost point to the U.S. Route 150 intersection.
- U.S. Route 150 Bypass encircles Danville on the west and south. It runs concurrently with U.S. Route 127 Bypass from the intersection with U.S. Route 127 to its westernmost point.
- Kentucky Route 33 enters Danville from north (Burgin, Versailles).
- Kentucky Route 34 connects Danville northeast to U.S. Route 27 and on to Lexington.
- Kentucky Route 37 connects Danville west to Kentucky Route 243 near Penn's Store.
- Kentucky Route 52 connects Danville east to Lancaster.
- Kentucky Route 2168 connects U.S. Route 127 with Kentucky Route 34 north of Danville.
Stuart Powell Field (DVK), 3 miles (5 km) from downtown, serves as Danville's general aviation airport. Blue Grass Airport (LEX) in Lexington, 35 miles (56 km) away, provides the closest commercial service. More extensive commercial service is available from Louisville International Airport (SDF), 82 miles (132 km) away, and Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG), 127 miles (204 km) away.
Norfolk Southern Railway operates a freight rail yard in Danville. Its Louisville-Chattanooga line intersects with its Cincinnati-Chattanooga line just north of Danville.
|Climate data for Danville, Kentucky|
|Average high °F (°C)||40
|Average low °F (°C)||23
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.66
|Source: The Weather Channel|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,218 people, 6,405 households, and 3,903 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,020.0/sq mi (393.8/km2). There were 7,180 housing units at an average density of 451.6/sq mi (174.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.2% White, 10.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.9% of the population.
Of the 6,405 households, 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.83.
20.8% of the population was under the age of 18, 61.8% from 18 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. Females made up 54.4% and males made up 45.6% of the population aged 18 or older.
As of 2000, the median income for a household was US $32,938, and the median income for a family was $40,528. Males had a median income of $35,327 versus $24,542 for females. The per capita income was $18,906. About 9.4% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
FBI crime statistics for 2009 list the crime rate (per 100,000 population) for Danville as follows:
|Motor vehicle theft||84||141||259|
- Public schools
Danville Schools operates Mary G. Hogsett Primary School, Edna L. Toliver Intermediate School, John W. Bate Middle School, and Danville High School for the city of Danville. Boyle County Schools operates Woodlawn Elementary School, Junction City Elementary School, Perryville Elementary School, Boyle County Middle School, and Boyle County High School for portions of Danville and the remainder of Boyle County. Kentucky School for the Deaf provides education to Kentucky's deaf and hard-of-hearing children from elementary through high school.
- Private schools
Two private schools operate in Danville:
- Colleges and universities
- Public library
Danville has a lending library, the Boyle County Public Library.
On March 2, 2010, Danville voted to go "wet" (to permit sale of packaged alcohol and sale of alcohol by the drink without restriction by size of premises).
Places of interest
- Centre College is a top liberal arts college; it hosted the 2000 and 2012 Vice Presidential debates.
- Central Kentucky Wildlife Refuge is a 160-acre (65 ha) nature preserve.
- Chateau du Vieux Corbeau Winery produces wine from local grapes and fruit.
- Community Arts Center is an historic Beaux Arts building, formerly the Federal Building, that is a hub for local artist activity.
- Confederate Monument is an early 20th-century statue dedicated to Kentucky's Civil War veterans.
- Constitution Square is a park containing restored and recreated frontier buildings; the first Kentucky constitution was written and signed here. In February 2013, the Kentucky Historical Society erected a historical marker in the square to commemorate the African-Americans who enlisted in the Union Army during the Civil War. 
- Crow-Barbee House is the oldest stone structure west of the Allegheny Mountains.
- Danville National Cemetery contains Union soldiers who died during the Battle of Perryville. A confederate cemetery adjoins it inside Bellevue Cemetery.
- Ephraim McDowell House Museum is the house where Ephraim McDowell performed his groundbreaking ovariotomy.
- Great American Dollhouse Museum is a 6,000-square-foot (560 m2) social history museum in miniature.
- Jones Visual Arts Center is a gallery and primary studio for internationally known glass artist Stephen Rolfe Powell.
- Millennium Park is a 126-acre park containing walking trails, baseball fields, soccer fields, softball fields, basketball courts, playgrounds, a skateboard park, a dog park, and covered shelters.
- Perryville Battlefield is a park that preserves a significant Civil War battlefield.
- Pioneer Playhouse Kentucky's oldest outdoor theater.
- Warrenwood Manor is a historic property built in a Gothic Revival style.
- Wilderness Trail Distillery produces bourbon, rye, rum, and vodka from locally grown grains.
Four venues for theatrical productions live in Danville.
- The Norton Center for the Arts is a state-of-the-art host for performing and visual arts events throughout the year.
- Pioneer Playhouse is the oldest outdoor theater in Kentucky, and the first theater officially designated as Kentucky's state theater. It features summer-stock productions using local and nationally known artists.
- West T. Hill Community Theatre is a community theater with an acclaimed company of actors.
- Gravely Hall Performing Arts Center is located in Danville High School and is home to the performing arts in the Danville Schools system.
- The Great American Brass Band Festival (June) is a free, three-day outdoor festival that features performances from brass bands from throughout the country. Other events have joined the festival like picnics, wine festivals, bourbon tastings, and the Great American Balloon Race.
- The Boyle County Fair (June) is a fun-filled county fair.
- Kentucky's Governor's School for the Arts (July) at Center College provides an educational springboard for young artists from around the state.
- The Kentucky State BBQ Festival (September) provides good music and good food from some of the country's best BBQ pitmasters.
- Harvest Fest (September) closes Main Street for a celebration.
- The Forkland Heritage Festival (October) celebrates the culture of an historic community.
- Perryville Battle Reenactment (October) is an authentic reliving of one of Kentucky's most significant Civil War battles.
- Bourbon Chase (October) is a 200-mile relay footrace through central Kentucky. Danville is a major exchange point.
The Advocate-Messenger, a twice-weekly (Tuesday and Friday) newspaper, serves Danville and surrounding counties.
WDKY-TV was licensed to Danville but its facilities are located in Lexington.
Films shot in Danville
- Raintree County (1957) is a big-budget, epic film set during the Civil War. A short film, Operation Raintree, was shot to promote Raintree County.
- Treasure of Matecumbe (1976) is a Walt Disney Productions family adventure film.
- Child of Glass (1978) is a made-for-TV movie distributed by Walt Disney Pictures.
- Lawn Dogs (1997) is a drama film released by Rank Organisation
- Summerstock (2002), by Robby Henson, chronicled a year in the busy, eccentric life of Pioneer Playhouse.
Danville has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:
Danville Sister Cities won the 2019 Innovation Award for Arts and Culture from Sister Cities International.
The following are highly noted people from Danville. For a more complete list see List of people from Danville, Kentucky.
- James G. Birney Abolitionist
- John Boyle (1774–1834), U.S. federal judge and U.S. Representative; Boyle County, Kentucky, was named after him
- John C. Breckinridge (1821–1875), U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Kentucky, U.S. Vice President, U.S. presidential candidate, Confederate States Secretary of War
- Neal Brown, college football coach
- Speed S.Fry (1817-1892) lawyer, judge, officer United States Army during the American-Mexican War and Civil War
- Jordan Gay, National Football League player
- John Marshall Harlan (1833–1911), U.S. Supreme Court Justice; "The Great Dissenter"
- Larnelle Harris (1947-), Grammy and Dove Award-winning gospel singer and songwriter
- Heather Henson, children's author
- Robby Henson, screenwriter and director
- Ephraim McDowell (1771–1830), physician, first to successfully remove an ovarian tumor
- E. Belle Mitchell (1848-1942), daughter of former slaves, educator, abolitionist, and founder of Colored Orphans Industrial Home in Lexington, Kentucky
- Theodore O'Hara (1820–1867), poet and soldier
- Hugh L. Scott (1853–1934), Superintendent of West Point, U.S. Army Chief of Staff in World War I
- Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), first and fifth Governor of Kentucky, soldier in Lord Dunmore's War, the American Revolutionary War, and War of 1812
- Jacob Tamme, former National Football League player
- Frank X Walker (1961-), Kentucky's first African-American Poet Laureate
Major employers include:
- AdMart (Custom-made signs)
- The Advocate-Messenger (Newspaper publishing and printing)
- The Allen Company (Mixed asphalt)
- American Greetings (Distribution and packaging)
- Berry Plastics (Plastics)
- Burkmann Feeds (Feed manufacturing)
- Caterpillar Inc. (Tractor parts)
- Centre College (Education)
- Dana Holding Corporation (Engine gaskets)
- Denyo Co. (Generators)
- Elmwood Inn  (Teas)
- Ephraim McDowell Health (Health care)
- Farmers National Bank (Banking services)
- Hobart Corporation (Commercial dishwashers)
- Intelligrated (Conveyor equipment)
- LSC Communications (Offset printing)
- Meggitt (Aircraft braking systems)
- National Office Furniture (Furniture)
- Pioneer Vocational Industrial Services (Sheltered workshop)
- Pitman Creek Wholesale (Fishing equipment wholesaler)
- Self Refind (Drug treatment clinics)
- Sellers Manufacturing (Industrial boilers)
- The Timberland Company (Distribution center)
- TransNav (Plastic Injection)
- Wausau Paper (Distribution Center)
- Junction City, Kentucky, a nearby city originally known as Danville Junction and South Danville
- Brock, David (2014-11-05). "Perros wins tight race for Danville mayor". The Advocate Messenger. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
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- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Danville Demographics - Get Current Census Data for Danville, KY". www.kentucky-demographics.com. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
- "Great American Main Street Award Winners". National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
- "Best Places to Retire". CNNMoney. September 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Gerth, Joseph (2011-10-31). "Centre College in Danville chosen for 2012 vice presidential debate". Courier Journal. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- "Danville Kentucky - City of Firsts". City of Danville. Archived from the original on 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
- Kleber, John E. (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington KY: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0.
- "Danville Kentucky". Land Office, Kentucky Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Griffin, Richard W. (1965). Newspaper Story of a Town: A History of Danville Kentucky. Danville, Kentucky: The Advocate Messenger.
- "Kentucky Historical Marker Database (marker 2216)". Kentucky Historical Society. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
- "Boyle Landmark Trust, Willis Russell House" Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Fackler, Calvin M., Early Days in Danville, Louisville: Standard Printing Co., 1941
- "Kentucky Historical Marker Database (marker 756)". Kentucky Historical Society. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
- Sears, Richard D., 1940-. (2002). Camp Nelson, Kentucky : a Civil War history. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-8131-2246-5. OCLC 1169783078.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Kentucky Historical Marker Database (marker 1279)". Kentucky Historical Society. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
- "index". ancestry.com.
- McCaleb, Ian Christopher (2000-10-06). "Even-keeled Cheney-Lieberman debate takes global view". CNN. Archived from the original on 2008-12-11. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Danville city, Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
- Cox, Charlie (2008-12-11). "Danville bus service revved for take-off". The Advocate Messenger. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- "BGCAP - DAN-TRAN". Blue Grass Community Action Partnership. Archived from the original on 2011-09-10. Retrieved 2011-04-29.
- Cox, Charlie (2009-02-19). "Bus service offered to Lexington". The Advocate Messenger. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- "Monthly Averages for Danville KY". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 2009-09-17.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-04.
- "Crime in the United States: Offenses Known to Law Enforcement". U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- "Danville Christian Academy". Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- "Danville Montessori School". Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- Brock, David (2010-03-02). "Danville goes wet". The Advocate Messenger. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- "Central Kentucky Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 2015-06-29.
- Kocher, Greg (2011-11-19). "The beauty of Central Ky. Wildlife Refuge through the seasons". Lexington Herald Leader. Retrieved 2015-06-29.
- "Old Crow Inn and Chateau du Vieux Corbeau Winery". Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- "Community Arts Center". Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- "Kentucky Historical Society Marker Database Search". Kentucky Historical Society. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
- Neighbors, Joy (2012-03-06). "A Grave Interest: Bellevue Cemetery, Danville, Kentucky". Retrieved 2017-11-16.
- "The Great American Dollhouse Museum". Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- "Danville-Boyle County Parks and Recreation Department". Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "West T. Hill Community Theatre". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Danville High School: Gravely Hall". Archived from the original on 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "The Great American Balloon Race". Archived from the original on 2015-06-11. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Boyle Co. Fair". Boyle County Fair LLC. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- Copley, Rich (2016-07-15). "Governor's School for the Arts ignites a creative flame". Lexington Herald Leader. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- "Kentucky State BBQ Festival". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Harvest Fest Street Concert". Heart of Danville. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
- "Forkland Heritage Festival and Revue". Forkland Community Center. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Perryville Battlefield". Perryville Historic Battlefield. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "The Bourbon Chase: A 200-mile relay race along the Kentucky Bourbon Trail". Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- Steinhofer, Kerry (2016-10-20). "Danville wins 'Most Spirited' award for Bourbon Chase participation". The Advocate-Messenger. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- "Danville, Carrickfergus seal bond as 'twin' cities". The Advocate Messenger. 2009-08-01. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- Curd, Bobbie (2019-07-11). "Danville Sister Cities wins international accolades for its innovation". The Advocate-Messenger. Danville, Kentucky. Retrieved 2019-07-13.
- "Danville Boyle County Community Profile: Business and Industry". Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Admart Custom Signage". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "The Allen Company". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- Wersich, Carol (2009-12-04). "Berry completes Pliant buy". Evansville Courier & Press. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
- "Burkmann Nutrition". Burkmann Industries, Inc. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Denyo". Denyo Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Elmwood Inn Fine Teas". Retrieved 2019-07-24.
- "Ephraim McDowell Health". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Farmers National Bank: Your Lifetime Bank". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- Brock, David (2011-05-22). "It's official: Gov. announces second Meggitt plant for Danville". The Advocate Messenger. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Pioneer Vocational Industrial Services". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Pitman Creek Wholesale". Retrieved 2015-10-17.
- "self refined: Premier Treatment for Substance Use Disorder". Archived from the original on 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "Sellers Manufacturing Co". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- "TransNav - A Global Trading and Manufacturing Company". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
- Fackler, Calvin Morgan (July 1939). "Walker Daniel, the Founder of Danville". Filson Club History Quarterly. 13 (3). Archived from the original on 2012-05-02. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
- Price, William Jennings (October 1940). "Danville Was the First Post Office Established in Kentucky and in the Territory Beyond the Alleghenies". Filson Club History Quarterly. 14 (4). Archived from the original on 2012-05-02. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
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