Danville, Pennsylvania

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Not to be confused with Danville, Virginia, in Pittsylvania County
Danville, Pennsylvania
Borough
Downtown Danville
Downtown Danville
Nickname(s): Ironmen Country, D-Block
Danville, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Danville, Pennsylvania
Danville, Pennsylvania
Location within the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°57′42″N 76°36′43″W / 40.96167°N 76.61194°W / 40.96167; -76.61194Coordinates: 40°57′42″N 76°36′43″W / 40.96167°N 76.61194°W / 40.96167; -76.61194
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Montour
Settled 1776
Incorporated (borough) 1792
Government
 • Mayoress Bernie Swank (Republican)
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Elevation[1] 500 ft (200 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,699
 • Density 2,936.8/sq mi (1,146.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC)
ZIP code 17821 17822
Area code(s) 570
Website Danville

Danville is a borough in and the county seat of Montour County, Pennsylvania, United States,[2] along the North Branch of the Susquehanna River. Danville was home to 8,042 people in 1900, 7,517 people in 1910, and 7,122 people in 1940. The population was 4,699 at the 2010 census.

Danville is part of the BloomsburgBerwick Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Amerindian ownership[edit]

As European's explored the coastal regions reachable from ships at the dawn of the 17th Century, the whole valley of the Susquehanna from South-central New York state to the upper Chesapeake Bay was owned by the fierce Iroquois-like Susquehannock people, like the Erie people, an Iroquoian speaking tribe with a similar related culture.[3] As the European wars of religion lulled before the cataclysm of the Thirty Years' War, ca. 1600 AD the protestant Dutch traders first entered the Delaware Valley and began regularly trading firearms for furs, especially highly valued Beaver Pelts with the inland Susquehannock people in the vicinity of greater Philadelphia.

Although the Susquehannocks lived well inland their hunting range owned the rich Beaver territory of the entire Susquehanna River drainage basin, since the Susquehannock's range also included hunting the Schuylkill and Lehigh Rivers and their tributaries (which they historically disputed by occasional mutual raiding with the Algonquian Delaware people dwelling along the Atlantic coastal strip extending west from Delaware and southern New Jersey into the Poconos), the Susquehanna had a wealth of coveted Beaver pelts, and so became formidably well armed.

The Beaver Wars[edit]

About the time New Sweden (1638) was founded, the Iroquois Confederacy began a series of escalating wars setting Indian versus Indian called the Beaver Wars—that ultimately would open up the frontier to white settlers—deadly long running territorial wars between Amerindian peoples for fur hunting and trapping territories. Forearmed by their traders knowledge, the Swedes settled both sides of the Delaware, and almost immediately became allies with the Susquehannock, who already well armed, would soon after have a confederacy well armed enough to win a war declared by the colonial Province of Maryland, subjugate several Delaware tribes and would inflict several stinging defeats on Iroquois forces.

By the mid-1850s New Netherlands absorbed New Sweden, and in 1666-67, the English took over New Netherlands, but most of the colonial populations in both cases, including traders, merely switched governors and went on with business as usual, where the most lucrative business was for Furs.

What little is known of the Susquehannock tribe comes mostly from a few traders and the work of a single Dutch missionary who lived with them for a time about 1640.[3] They were a fierce and powerful people holding off territorial infringements from the tribes on all sides of their range from the Potomac to the Mohawk valley, and the Poconos to the Alleghenies.[3] Danville, located in the southern center of the valley would have been at least a summer hunting camp for these people, who were to become horribly affected by epidemic plagues of disease over multiple years circa 1668-72.[3] This sudden weakness in population ironically occurred shortly after the Susquehannocks gave a serious drubbing about 1665-66 over 2-3 years[3] to two of the Five Nations of the Iroquois in the local Beaver Wars. After the drastic weakening, they were attacked on all sides by subjected tribes, colonists, and the Iroquois, suffering further large losses.[3]

By 1678, the Iroquois would agree in a treaty to absorb most of the remaining Iroquoian Susquehannocks whose civilization had collapsed,[3] though several hundred remnants migrated to live south and west of the Wyoming Valley, and would be called the Conestoga by the new English settlers in the colony of Pennsylvania,[3] whilst the Susquehannock confederation would go extinct as an Iroquoian people and its surviving people would be absorbed into other tribes.[3] Hence, Danville was Iroquois land until a 1768 treaty[citation needed] after the French and Indian War.

16th-18th century[edit]

Chester County native and American Revolutionary War figure William Montgomery purchased a plot of land in 1774 and established a trading post called Montgomery's Landing. In 1792 he constructed a house there, which is now a small museum inside the town. In the same year his son Daniel plotted the area between Mill Street and Church Street, the historic core of the town which now bears his name.

Early 1800s[edit]

Danville was part of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, when it was founded. In 1813, Columbia County, Pennsylvania was formed from part of Northumberland Co. Danville became the county seat of Columbia Co. until 1845, when an election moved the seat to Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. In 1850, Montour County was formed from part of Columbia. Danville then became the county seat of Montour.

Danville became a transportation center in the mid19th century as the technology of early railroads developed, allowing accelerated development of inland communities. Danville first serviced canal boats plying the navigations on the Susquehanna between the coal docks in Pittston and Wilkes-Barre connecting to the Union Canal, and Harrisburg. Subsequently, it became served by several railroads also running along the banks of the North Branch of the Susquehanna River. Coal and iron mines in the surrounding hills and mountains fueled the local economy, and by mid-century Danville was an important iron mill town. Many of the rails of the nation's expanding railroad system were made in Danville, an important contribution to a network which grew explosively for decades. By the 1890s there were 7-8 major railroads running into the Wyoming Valley for Anthracite. A local marker claims that the first T-rail rolled in the United States was rolled in Danville, on October 8, 1845 at the Montour Iron Company, though this is claimed for Mount Savage, Maryland, as well.

Latter 1800s[edit]

Montour and several other enormous iron mills dominated the town for most of the 19th century and the iron industry was the chief employer in the region. The iron mills fell into decline, however, as steel replaced iron in the 20th century. The city celebrates this era with an annual Iron Heritage Festival in July, and the main street is still named "Mill Street".

In 1869 the Danville State Hospital was built as a state institution for the treatment and care of the insane.

Abigail Geisinger, widow of iron magnate George Geisinger, used his fortune to build a hospital and clinic intended to be a regional medical center modeled after the Mayo Clinic. The Geisinger Hospital was completed in 1915, and has grown over the years. Today, the Geisinger Medical Center is the most important tertiary referral center in northern Pennsylvania. Geisinger and its affiliated institutions are also one of the largest employers in the region.

The Thomas Beaver Free Library and Danville YMCA, Danville Historic District, Danville West Market Street Historic District, and General William Montgomery House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

In 2014, Republican Bernie Swank replaced Democrat Ed Coleman as Mayor. Coleman had been serving as the Mayor of Danville for 16 years. Swank had run against Democrat Tom Graham, winning by only 50 votes, out of a total of 682 votes cast.[5]

Geography[edit]

Danville is located in northeastern Pennsylvania at 40°57′42″N 76°36′43″W / 40.96167°N 76.61194°W / 40.96167; -76.61194 (40.961607, -76.611947).[6] It is located on the north bank of the North Branch of the Susquehanna River. The contiguous community south of the river is Riverside. The surrounding country is low mountain ridges of the Appalachian range. The town is bisected by U.S. Route 11 and has an exit from Interstate 80 to the north. There are also deposits of limestone in the vicinity.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of which is land area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,302
1860 6,385 93.4%
1870 8,436 32.1%
1880 8,346 −1.1%
1890 7,998 −4.2%
1900 8,042 0.6%
1910 7,517 −6.5%
1920 6,952 −7.5%
1930 7,185 3.4%
1940 7,122 −0.9%
1950 6,994 −1.8%
1960 6,889 −1.5%
1970 6,176 −10.3%
1980 5,239 −15.2%
1990 5,165 −1.4%
2000 4,897 −5.2%
2010 4,699 −4.0%
Est. 2015 4,689 [7] −0.2%
Sources:[8][9][10]

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 4,897 people, 2,277 households, and 1,238 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,087.2 people per square mile (1,189.1/km2). There were 2,523 housing units at an average density of 1,590.5 per square mile (612.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.06% White, 0.78% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.80% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 2,277 households, out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.6% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,498, and the median income for a family was $38,778. Males had a median income of $30,375 versus $24,313 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,693. 10.6% of the population and 6.0% of families were below the poverty line. 16.1% of those under the age of 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

2010[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 4,697 people, 2,173 households, and 1,148 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,936.9 people per square mile (1,133.9/km2). There were 2,527 housing units at an average density of 1,579.4 per square mile (609.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0% Native American, 3.60% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 20.3% age 19 and under, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 81.9 males.[11][12]

The median income for a household in the borough was $37,238, and the median income for a family was $44,955. Males had a median income of $38,194 versus $29,735 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,344. 18.5% of the population and 12.2% of families were below the poverty line. 33.9% of those under the age of 18 and 15.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.[13]

Education[edit]

Danville Area School District is the local public education agency. The District provides: preschool to 4 year olds, full day kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2014, Danville Area School District's enrollment declined to 2,261 students.[14] Danville Area School District ranked 87th out of the 496 ranked Pennsylvania School Districts in 2015, by the Pittsburgh Business Times.[15] In 2007, the Pittsburgh Business Times ranked the District 119th out of 499 Pennsylvania public school districts based on three years of Pennsylvania System of Student Assessment test scores.

In 2014, Danville Area High School applied for and received Blue Ribbon School federal recognition.[16]

High school aged students can attend the taxpayer funded Columbia-Montour Area Vocational-Technical School, located in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, for training in the building trades, auto mechanics, culinary arts, allied health careers and other areas. The school participates in Penn College NOW, a dual enrollment program which permits students to earn college credits while enrolled in the tech school. Columbia-Montour Area Vocational Technical School is funded by a consortium of the school districts, which includes: Danville Area School District, Benton Area School District, Millville Area School District, Bloomsburg Area School District, Central Columbia School District, Southern Columbia Area School District, and Berwick Area School District.

Danville Borough residents may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 14 public cyber charter schools (in 2013) at no additional cost to the parents. This includes SusQ Cyber Charter School which is locally operated. The resident’s public school district is required to pay the public charter school and public cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend any of these schools.[17][18] The tuition rate that Danville Area School District must pay was $8,926.16 in 2013. By Commonwealth law, if the District provides transportation for its own students, then the District must provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders. Residents may also seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.

Recreation[edit]

The Borough Council is a partner of the Montour Area Recreation Commission. They hope to attract state funding to study recreational opportunities along the Susquehanna River.[19] Hess Field is a park located on Meadow Lane.

The Montour Area Recreation Commission (MARC) led a local volunteer effort to clear the abandoned towpath of the North Branch Canal along the Susquehanna River. A mile of the towpath was cleared, permitting biking, walking and running near the Danville Soccer Park. The canal is over 200 years old. It was an important part of the region's transportation system. Canal boats and rafts moved farm produce, lumber and people up and down the river.[20] This is part of a greenway effort to develop recreation and commercial opportunities along the river. The long-term vision is to create a regional trail that connects Northumberland to Catawissa and on to Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania.

Running through the outskirts of Danviile, the J. Manley Robbins trail is alleged to be the oldest documented rail-trail in the United States. The former railroad line for the "Montour," a 10-ton narrow gauge locomotive used for carrying iron ore between deposits and furnaces, the line was converted to a bicycle path in 1890s. The original one mile railbed trail section now connects with adjacent additional trails and recreation amenities near the Mahoning Creek.[21]

Nearby communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Danville, Pennsylvania (PA 17821, 17822) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news". City-data.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i see Susquehannock#History main article coverage and citations.
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  5. ^ Blackledge, Karen. "Swank gets another turn as Danville mayor". The Daily Item. Retrieved 2016-05-22. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  11. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_S0101&prodType=table
  12. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP05&prodType=table
  13. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP03&prodType=table
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (December 4, 2014). "District Fast Facts - Danville Area School District". 
  15. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 10, 2015). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide School District Ranking 2015". 
  16. ^ US Department of Education (2014). "2014 National Blue Ribbon Schools All Public and Private" (PDF). 
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools". 
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?". 
  19. ^ North, Jamie, "Recreation group enlists borough", The Daily Item, July 11, 2007.
  20. ^ North, Jamie, "Recreation Commission Reviving towpath", The Daily Item, July 7, 2007.
  21. ^ "Danville". Susquehanna Greenway. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  22. ^ "Theodore L. Kramer". Retrieved July 23, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Early Typewriter History". Mit.edu. 2001-07-16. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 

External links[edit]