Daphne gnidium

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Daphne gnidium
Daphne gnidium3.jpg
Daphne gnidium
Daphne gnidium1.jpg
Unripe fruits of the Daphne gnidium.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Thymelaeaceae
Genus: Daphne
Species: D. gnidium
Binomial name
Daphne gnidium
L.

Daphne gnidium (commonly known as the flax-leaved daphne) is a poisonous evergreen shrub from the Mediterranean region with narrow, dense dark-green foliage and white fragrant flowers.

Description[edit]

Daphne gnidium is characterized by upright branches that grow 1.5 to 2 m (4 ft 11 in to 6 ft 7 in) tall. The dense lanceolate leaves are dark green with sticky undersides. It bears white fragrant flowers in late spring or early summer. The fruits are drupes and are round and red, about 8 mm (0.31 in) in diameter. They are produced during autumn.[1] [2]

Habitat[edit]

Daphne gnidium grows well in sandy loam. They are commonly found in fields, woodlands, garrigues, and hillsides. They are native to the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea (Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East).

Toxicity[edit]

Daphne gnidium contains the toxins mezerein and daphnetoxin. All parts of the plant are considered highly poisonous. Skin contact with the sap can cause dermatitis [3]

Chance of death is small yet probable within 6 hours after direct consumption. At least severe anabolic and indigestive reactions are expected (which may also trigger lethal allergic reactions).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daphne gnidium (Flax-leaved daphne)". http://www.shootgardening.co.uk. Retrieved January 22, 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "'Daphne gnidium L. (Daphne)". http://www.botanical-online.com. Retrieved January 22, 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ "Daphne gnidium L.". http://www.botanical-online.com/. Retrieved January 22, 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)