Daphni Leef, 2012
January 7, 1986 |
|Residence||Tel Aviv, Israel|
|Alma mater||Tel Aviv University|
|Known for||Her involvement in initiating and in the leadership of the 2011 housing protests in Israel|
Daphni Leef (Hebrew: דפני ליף; born 7 January 1986) is an Israeli social activist, video artist, and editor. In July 2011 she was one of the organizers of a tent camp in central Tel Aviv, sparking the 2011 housing protests in Israel.
Daphni Naomi Leef is the daughter of the Israeli composer Inam Leef, and the great-granddaughter of the Israeli engineer Zalman Leef. Leef was born in Jerusalem and raised in the Rehavia neighborhood of the city. She attended Gymnasia Rehavia junior high. In 2002, at age 16, she moved with her family to Kfar Shmaryahu, a local council within the Tel Aviv District ranked very highly on the Israeli socio-economic scale. During her high school period Leef majored in Film Studies at a high school in Ramat Hasharon.
In September 2002 Leef signed a public letter along with dozens of other pre-army-aged youths that declared their refusal to serve in the "army of occupation". Leef did not serve in the IDF, but claimed in an August 2011 interview that she did not serve in the military due to medical reasons.
In 2005, after she finished high school, Leef moved to Tel Aviv and began studying in the film department of Tel Aviv University. Leef graduated from the university in 2008. She became a professional video editor and has created many short films, music videos for Israeli singers (such as Eran Tzur, Michal Amdursky and Noam Nevo) and films for various political NGOs, including a short work for the "Free Israel" association ("ישראל חופשית"), which promotes civil marriage in Israel.
During June 2011 Leef received a notice to vacate the apartment that she had rented in Tel Aviv for the previous three years. After several weeks of searching to no avail for a new apartment within reach of her film-editing job, Leef discovered that the rental prices in the entire Tel Aviv metropolitan area had doubled in the previous five years.
As an act of protest Leef decided to open a Facebook page and ask people to help her in organising a protest. Ten people, among them Stav Shaffir (later to become MK in Israeli Parliament), Regev Contes (filmmaker) and other activists, replied and attended a preparation meeting, in which they decided to pitch tents in Tel Aviv, claiming young people in Israel have no way to pay their rent. Two weeks later, on 14 July, they pitched five tents at the Rothschild Boulevard in Tel-Aviv, while police warned them against camping in the public sphere without permission. Soon afterward the protests gained momentum as thousands joined the protests, pitching tents in the central streets of cities across Israel. sparking off the 2011 Israel housing protests. On 29 August 2011, in the context of aspersions about Leef's background and intentions, Leef abruptly ended an interview when asked about not doing mandatory military service or Sherut Leumi, her affluent upbringing, what the Trajtenberg Committee was dealing with, and a question about her lack of presence or if she has even slept in the Tel Aviv tent area. She revealed that she received an exemption from the army for having epilepsy but had volunteered in a children's shelter, and that she had not slept in the Rothschild Boulevard tents the preceding week.
At 22 June 2012, Daphne Leef and several other activists tried to restart the housing protests by re-erecting a tent encampment in the Rothschild Boulevard in Tel-Aviv. The municipality had not issued a permit and as a result Leef, along with eleven other activists, were arrested when they resisted the 20 policemen and municipal inspectors who arrived to dismantle the tents. The protesters' tents were confiscated by the police forces as well.
As the housing protests continued, personal criticism of Leef and her political views mounted. Opponents charged that Israeli left-wing media and political organizations were exploiting the demonstrations and economic distress of the Israeli public for political purposes, with the intention of overthrowing the right-wing Netanyahu government.
On 15 July 2011, demonstrators drove Likud Knesset member Miri Regev out of the tent encampment. Regev responded by saying that Leef "represents the extreme left." Leef denied this, claiming her protest was first and foremost a social struggle. On 20 July 2011, Im Tirtzu announced it would no longer take part in the housing protests because the New Israel Fund and other allegedly anti-Zionist left-wing groups were being directly involved. Im Tirtzu said, "Daphni Leef, who is perceived in the media as the initiator of the struggle, is actually a video editor for the New Israel Fund and Shatil." This was also reported in Front Page Magazine.
At a press conference held on 26 July 2011 Leef responded: "What hasn't been said about me in the recent days? When we came here with our tents about ten days ago, some said we are spoiled children from Tel Aviv, some said we are leftists, but after more cities from across the country and as more people from across the entire political spectrum in Israel joined the protests — all understood that we represent all the people."
In an interview with the Israeli radio network Galei Tzahal on 3 August 2011, Leef referred to the "tent representation" group, which seeks to democratically replace the leadership of the housing protest: "It hurts me, things have been said about my character, I hope it would be resolved."
In popular culture
- In October 2011 the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra premiered Matti Kovler's "Fanfare to Israel," inspired by Daphni Leef, and quoting from Eviatar Banai's song "Yesh Li Sikui." The performance took place at the closing Gala concert of the Israeli Music Celebration at the Henry Crown Symphony Hall, Jerusalem Theater, with Leef's father, composer Yinam Leef in the audience.
- In 2011 the Israeli poet Apollo Braun recorded the song "Inspired By Daphni Leef". The song appears in his spoken word CD "The Obsessive Poet".
- In May 2012 the Israeli rock band The Giraffes released the song "Daphni Daphni" (דפני דפני), "as a homage to the person who ignited the protests".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daphne Leef.|
- Ilan Lior. מחאת הפייסבוק שתהפוך את כיכר הבימה בתל אביב לעיר אוהלים [Facebook protests that will make the Habima Square in Tel Aviv tent city]. Haaretz (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- פרופיל מועצות מקומיות - הרשויות המקומיות בישראל 2005 פרסום מס' 1295 - כפר שמריהו [Profile of Local Councils - Local Authorities in Israel 2005 Release No. 1295 - Kfar Shmariyahu] (PDF) (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Gil Ron (1 September 2011). "Social Protest Leader Leef 'Refused to Serve in IDF'". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- ליף נשאלה מדוע לא עשתה צבא - ועזבה באמצע ראיון [Leef asked why she did not do army service - and leaves interview in the middle] (in Hebrew). Channel 10 (Israel). 29 August 2011. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Hila Raz (31 July 2011). דפני ליף: "מי אמר שהטייקונים יותר חזקים ממסר של אומה?" [Daphni Leef: "Who said tycoons are more powerful than the message of the nation?"] (in Hebrew). TheMarker. Archived from the original on 15 May 2012.
- "Daphni Leef". IMDb. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Dori Ben Yisrael (30 April 2011). מזבלה - בלוג קריאייטיב | דוחסים אותנו למסגרת אחת [Dump - Creative Blog | cram us into a single framework] (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Billy Frankel; Tomer Vilmer; Meirav Crystal (17 July 2011). המחאה מתפשטת: אוהלים בבאר שבע ובצפון [Protest spreads: Tents in Be'er Sheva and in the North] (in Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- "Mass protests and tent cities shake Israeli government". The Irish Times. 15 August 2011.
- Shimon Cohen (3 August 2011). דרישה מעיריית ת"א: פנו את המאהל [Request from the City of Tel Aviv: Remove the Encampment] (in Hebrew). Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Billy Frankel (14 July 2011). מחאת הנדל"ן: שקי שינה בעירייה, אוהלים בכיכר [Real estate protest: sleeping bags at City Hall, tents in the square] (in Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- Billy Frankel; Meirav Crystal (15 July 2011). מחאת הנדל"ן: "נמלא את כל ת"א באוהלים" [Real estate protest: "filled all Tel Aviv in tents"] (in Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- Efron, Noah (31 July 2011). "The Israeli Summer". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- Ben Hartman; Gil Hoffman (22 June 2012). "TA protest: Police arrest social justice leader Leef". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Boaz Feiler; Shahar Chai (22 June 2012). צפו: דפני ליף נעצרה, הפעילים חסמו את הניידת [Watch: Daphni Leef was arrested, the activists blocked the mobile] (in Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Nadav Neuman; Noah Pereg (22 June 2012). צפו: דפני ליף נעצרת במהלך ההפגנה בשדרות רוטשילד [Watch: Daphni Leef arrested during the protest on Rothschild Boulevard]. Globes (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Dov Even-Or (25 July 2011). מחאת האוהלים: הקול של יעקב והידיים של עשו [Tent protest: the voice of Jacob and hands of Esau] (in Hebrew). News1. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- חדשות מחלקה ראשונה - News1: מפגיני הדיור - 'אידיוטים מועילים'
- Dan Lavie; Hezi Sternlicht; Yael Baranowski; Shlomo Cesena (17 July 2011). הדיור בעייתי, גם המחאה [Housing problem, also the protests]. Israel HaYom (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Omri Nahmias (17 July 2011). נתניהו על מחאת הנדל"ן: "הממשלה עושה דברים לתיקון הנגע" [Netanyahu on real estate protest: "The government does things to heal the affliction"] (in Hebrew). Nana 10. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Shimon Cohen (20 July 2011). הקשר בין הקרן החדשה למאהל המחאה [The connection between New [Israel] Fund and the protest encampment] (in Hebrew). Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Daniel Greenfield (24 January 2012). "Soros-Manufactured Chaos in Israel". FrontPage Magazine. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Oren Aharoni; Sivan Rahav-Meir (26 July 2011). פרסום ראשון: אריה דרעי סירב להצטרף פומבית למחאת המאהלים [First Published: Aryeh Deri refused to join public protest encampments] (in Hebrew). mako. News 2. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Tamar Levy; Dan Dubin; Yuval Ackerman; Talia Salant (4 August 2011). כחלון: "המחאה צודקת, צריך להקשיב לה" [Window: "Protest is just, we need to listen to it"] (in Hebrew). glatz. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012.
- Telem Yahav (3 November 2011). מחאה זה מקצוע [Demonstrating is a profession]. Yedioth Ahronoth (in Hebrew). Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "Calendar of Events February 11, 2148 - February 24, 2148". America-Israel Cultural Foundation.[permanent dead link][not in citation given]
- Doron Braunshtein. "The Obsessive Poet". CD Baby. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- "ג'ירפות - סינגל חדש - דפני דפני [רק מוסיקה]" [Giraffes - new single - Daphne Daphne [Just Music]] (in Hebrew). YouTube. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014.