Daphnis hypothous

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Jade hawkmoth
Daphnis hypothous Laos 2.jpg
Mounted adult
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Daphnis
Species:
D. hypothous
Binomial name
Daphnis hypothous
(Cramer, 1780)[1]
Synonyms
  • Sphinx hypothous Cramer, 1780

Daphnis hypothous, the jade hawkmoth, is a moth of the family Sphingidae described by Pieter Cramer in 1780. It is known from Sri Lanka, southern and northern India, Nepal, Myanmar, southern China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. It is a rare vagrant to the Western Palaearctic ecozone.[2] During the last hundred years a number have been discovered within the Middle East and one was even found in Scotland late in the 20th century but this was probably imported as a pupa with cargo.[3]

Description[edit]

The wingspan is 86–120 mm. It is a very fast flyer and is attracted to both sweet-smelling flowers and light. It differs from Daphnis nerii in having the head and collar uniformly dark purplish brown. Thorax and first two abdominal segments are dark green with a white fringe to the first segment. Other abdominal segments are dark olive green with the streaks and spots as in D. nerii.[4]

Wings are similar to D. nerii but very much darker on both dorsal and ventral side. A white spot is present at the apex of forewing and at the end of cell of forewing ventral side.

Larva is green with yellow dots at its sides. There is a dark dorsal line, a subdorsal purple-red band, edged with yellow on thoracic somites and a blue ocellus on the third somite. Horn is purplish brown with white tubercles. Before changing to pupa, the larva becomes blotched with dark red.[5]

Daphnis hypothous larva (2) and pupa (2a)

Larvae have been recorded feeding on Rubiaceae species, including Cinchona, Wendlandia and Uncaria species in India. Most instars are green with a brown backward-curving tailhorn and a pair of white or red and yellow dorso-lateral stripes. Some instars have various coloured markings along the sides, including a blue eyespot on each side of the metathorax. The final instar is reddish brown.[6]

Caterpillars can be found on Breonia, Cinchona, Ixora, Pavetta, Uncaria, Wendlandia and Alstonia plants.[6]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Daphnis hypothous hypothous (Indonesia including the Andaman Islands and Seram)
  • Daphnis hypothous crameri Eitschberger & Melichar, 2010 (South-East Asia)

Related species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the original on 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  2. ^ Pittaway, A. R.; Kitching, I. J. (2018). "Daphnis hypothous crameri Eitschberger & Melichar, 2010 -- Jade hawkmoth". Sphingidae of the Eastern Palaearctic. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  3. ^ Pittaway, A. R. (2018). "Daphnis hypothous (Cramer, 1780)". Sphingidae of the Western Palaearctic. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  4. ^ Hampson, G. F. (1892). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma: Moths Volume I. Taylor and Francis – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.
  5. ^ "Daphnis hypothous Cramer". The Moths of Borneo. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  6. ^ a b Herbison-Evans, Don & Crossley, Stella (27 November 2015). "Daphnis hypothous (Cramer, 1780)". Australian Caterpillars and their Butterflies and Moths. Retrieved 18 November 2018.

External links[edit]