Daphnis hypothous

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Jade hawkmoth
Daphnis hypothous sjh.jpg
Daphnis hypothous, mounted adult
Daphnis hypothous.jpg
Daphnis hypothous, adult
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Daphnis
Species: D. hypothous
Binomial name
Daphnis hypothous
(Cramer, 1780)[1]
Synonyms
  • Sphinx hypothous Cramer, 1780

Daphnis hypothous (jade hawkmoth) is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is known from Sri Lanka, southern and northern India, Nepal, Myanmar, southern China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. It is a rare vagrant to the Western Palaearctic ecozone.[2] During the last hundred years a number have been discovered within the Middle East and one was even found in Scotland late last century but this was probably imported as a pupa with cargo.[3]

Description[edit]

The wingspan is 86–120 mm. It is a very fast flyer and is attracted to both sweet-smelling flowers and light. It differs from Daphnis nerii in having the head and collar uniformly dark purplish-brown. Thorax and 1st two abdominal segments are dark green in color with a white fringe to the 1st segment. Other abdominal segments are dark olive-green in color with the streaks and spots as in D. nerii.[4]

Wings are similar to D. nerii but very much darker on both dorsal and ventral side. A white spot is present at the apex of fore wing and at the end of cell of fore wing o ventral side.

Larva is green in color with yellow dots at sides. There is a dark dorsal line, a subdorsal purple-red band, edged with yellow on thoracic somites and a blue ocellus on 3rd somite. Horn is purplish brown with white tubercles. Before changing to pupa, the larva becomes blotched with dark red in color.[5]

Daphnis hypothous larva (2) and pupa (2a)

Larvae have been recorded feeding on Rubiaceae species, including Cinchona, Wendlandia and Uncaria species in India. Most instars are green with a brown backward curving tailhorn and a pair of white or red and yellow dorso-lateral stripes. Some instars have various coloured markings along the sides, including a blue eyespot on each side of the metathorax. The final instar is reddish brown.[6]

Caterpillars can be found on Breonia, Cinchona, Ixora, Pavetta, Uncaria, Wendlandia and Alstonia plants.[7]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Daphnis hypothous hypothous (Indonesia including the Andaman Islands and Seram)
  • Daphnis hypothous crameri Eitschberger & Melichar, 2010 (South-East Asia)

Related species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the original on 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  2. ^ Pittaway AR; Kitching I. "Sphingidae of the Eastern Palaearctic". Tpittaway.tripod.com. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  3. ^ "Sphingidae of the Western Palaearctic". Tpittaway.tripod.com. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  4. ^ Hampson G. F. (1892). "The Fauna Of British India Including Ceylon And Burma Moths Vol-i". Digital Library of India. p. 558. Retrieved 4 July 2016. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Daphnis hypothous Cramer". The Moths of Borneo. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Australian Insects". Lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au. 2010-05-24. Archived from the original on 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  7. ^ "Daphnis hypothous". Butterfly House. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 

External links[edit]