Daqing Oil Field

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Daqing Oil Field
大庆油田有限责任公司大楼2017.jpg
Main Building of Daqing Oil Field Co. Ltd.
Daqing Oil Field is located in China
Daqing Oil Field
Location of Daqing Oil Field
CountryChina
RegionHeilongjiang province
Offshore/onshoreOnshore
Coordinates46°36′N 124°54′E / 46.60°N 124.90°E / 46.60; 124.90Coordinates: 46°36′N 124°54′E / 46.60°N 124.90°E / 46.60; 124.90
OperatorDaqing Oilfield Company Limited
Field history
Discovery1959
Start of production1960
Production
Estimated oil in place16,000 million barrels (~2.2×10^9 t)
Recoverable oil3,600 million barrels (~4.9×10^8 t)

The Daqing Oil Field (simplified Chinese: 大庆油田; traditional Chinese: 大慶油田; pinyin: Dàqìng Yóutián), formerly romanized as "Taching",[1][2] is the largest oil field in the People's Republic of China, located between the Songhua river and Nen River in Heilongjiang province. When the Chinese government began to use to pinyin for romanization, the field's name became known as Daqing.

Discovered in 1959 by Li Siguang, Wang Jinxi (who led No. 1205 drilling team) worked on this oilfield. This field has produced over 10 billion barrels (1.6×10^9 m3) of oil since production started in 1960. Daqing contained 16 billion barrels (2.5×10^9 m3) or 2.2 billion tons in the beginning; the remaining recoverable reserves are about 3.6 billion barrels (570×10^6 m3) or 500 million tons. Due to the rapid increases in production in its early days, Daqing was lauded by China's state media as a model industrial enterprise throughout the 1960s and 1970s. The current production rate is about 1 million barrels per day (160×10^3 m3/d), making it the fourth most productive oil field in the world.[citation needed] It is reputed that during the first two decades of the life of the field, as much as 90% of the oil was wasted.[3]

Daqing Oilfield Company Limited, based in Daqing, is the operator of exploration and development of Daqing Oilfield. From 2004, the company plans to cut its crude oil output by an annual 7% for the next seven years to extend the life of Daqing.[4]

Output of barrels of oil equivalent of the Daqing Field remained stable at over 40 million tons in 2012, while output at Changqing oil field was over 42 million tons, making it the most productive oil and gas field in China.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

It is featured as a map in Battlefield 2.

It was also featured in a dedicated part of the How Yukong Moved the Mountains documentary, "About Petroleum".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ China today Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ New China's first quarter-century (1975) Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ James., Kynge, (2009). China shakes the world : the rise of a hungry nation. London: Phoenix. ISBN 9780753826706. OCLC 302073511.
  4. ^ "Daqing Oilfield to Slash Output in 2004".
  5. ^ PetroChina Oil output in 2012