Dar al-Makhzen (Rabat)
|Alternative names||Palais Royal|
|Location||Avenue Mohammed V, Rabat|
|Current tenants||Royal family of Morocco|
Dar-al-Makhzen (Arabic: دار المخزن, lit. 'House of the Makhzen', Berber languages: ⵜⴰⴷⴰⵔⵜ ⵏ ⵎⴿⵣⵏ) is the primary and official residence of the king of Morocco. It is situated in the Touarga commune of Rabat, the national capital. Its official name is the El Mechouar Essaid Palace, which means the venue of happiness palace.
The Alaouite sultans and kings have maintained a palace in Rabat since the reign of sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah, who used Rabat as one of his imperial residences and renovated royal palaces in other cities. The current building was built in 1864 by Mohammed IV to replace the older palace.
When Morocco came under French control in 1912, the colonial administration they wanted the sultan to be largely stationed in one place, near their own administrative headquarters, in order to show his acceptance of the new regime. Although kings had many residences at their disposal, when independence was declared in 1955, they chose to keep the Dâr-al-Makhzen palace as the main palace of the monarch.
Some monarchs, particularly Mohammed V, preferred the smaller and relatively secluded palace of Dar es Salaam, further out of centre of the city, maintaining the Dâr-al-Makhzen as their official and administrative residence.
Several important events in the lives of a number of Moroccan royals have taken place in the palace, including the birth of Hassan II in 1929 and the marriage ceremony of Mohammed VI and Salma Bennani in 2002.
Design and Construction
The palace sits at the end of the mechouar, a large parade ground also containing a small mosque. The mechouar is used for large public assemblies, such as the return from exile of Mohammed V in 1955.
As well as living space for the king and the royal family, there is accommodation for the Moroccan Royal Guard. The palace complex also contains the Collège Royal, a school for senior members of the royal family, a cookery school, and a ground floor library built to contain the manuscript collection of Hassan II.
- Dar al-Makhzen (Fez)
- Kasbah of Marrakesh
- Kasbah of Moulay Ismail
- Dar el Makhzen (Tangier)
- List of palaces in Morocco
- List of official residences
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Palace in Rabat.|
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