Daraga Church

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Daraga Church
Nuestra Señora de la Porteria Parish Church
Iglesia Parroquial de Nuestra Señora de la Portería
Nuestra Señora de la Porteria Church, Daraga, Albay.jpg
Church façade
Daraga Church is located in Philippines
Daraga Church
Daraga Church
Republic of the Philippines
13°08′59″N 123°42′43″E / 13.14986°N 123.711998°E / 13.14986; 123.711998Coordinates: 13°08′59″N 123°42′43″E / 13.14986°N 123.711998°E / 13.14986; 123.711998
LocationDaraga, Albay
CountryPhilippines
DenominationRoman Catholic
History
StatusParish church
DedicationOur Lady of the Gate
Dedicated1854
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationNational Cultural Treasure
Designated2007
Architectural typeChurch building
StyleChurrigueresque Baroque
Completed1773
Specifications
MaterialsVolcanic rocks
Administration
ArchdioceseCaceres
DioceseLegazpi
ProvinceCaceres
Clergy
ArchbishopRolando Joven Tria Tirona
Bishop(s)Joel Baylon

Nuestra Señora de la Porteria Parish Church (also Our Lady of the Gate Parish Church), commonly known as Daraga Church, is a Roman Catholic Church in the municipality of Daraga, Albay, Philippines under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi. The church was built by the Franciscans in 1772 under the patronage of the Our Lady of the Gate. Certain church sections were declared as a National Cultural Treasure of the Philippines in 2007.

History[edit]

Daraga was established as a settlement by people relocating from Cagsawa, who feared another eruption of the Mayon Volcano in that region. They requested permission from the Spanish government to establish a new community and church south of Cagsawa.[1] Their request was granted by Governor-General Simon de Salazar through a communication to the Alcade-mayor of the province of Camarines, dated June 12, 1772.[1]

The present church of Daraga was built under the Franciscan priests in 1773.[2] Built at the time that Daraga was a visita of Cagsawa, the church was erected atop a hill in barangay Santa Maria overlooking the Mayon Volcano.[3][4] When the Mayon Volcano erupted on February 1, 1814, the residents of Cagsawa transferred to Daraga after the destruction of their church.[5] It was a common belief, however, that the church of Daraga was built after the eruption of Mayon and that it replaced the church of Cagsawa.[6] The church was consecrated to Our Lady of the Gate in 1854.[3]

The church was heavily damaged by joint American and Filipino military bombers during the Second World War in 1945, and was hastily renovated after the war using a mix of Renaissance Gothic and Mexican Baroque styles.[3][7] The church was redesigned to follow the norms of the Vatican II council from 1971 to 1973.[2][3] In 1991, the altar was returned to its original position.[7] The church is still undergoing preservation and rehabilitation measures to prevent deterioration.[8]

The National Historical Institute (now National Historical Commission of the Philippines) unveiled the church's historical marker on October 16, 2008.[2] The National Museum of the Philippines listed the church's eastern and western façade, belfry, and baptistry as a National Cultural Treasure in 2007.[9]

Features[edit]

Façade[edit]

The church and convent

The church is known for its Churrigueresque architectural style in its façade, a fine example of Baroque architecture. The façade and its walls are made out of volcanic rocks, which are rich in the area.[4][11] The current white façade is the result of a coating of lime for protection from deterioration.[8]

It is one of the few churches in the country that has four spiral columns known as Solomonic columns or salomónicas.[3] The four columns bear round medallions, each with carved images of the four Evangelists.[3][12] Another characteristic of the façade, which is unique to the church, is the absence of either vertical columns or horizontal cornices.[12] Engraved on the façade and the adjacent belfry are statues of saints, mostly Franciscans, and rare religious seals such as the coats of arms of the Franciscan order, the Pope's tiara with the keys, and the five wounds or stigmata of St. Francis which survived the Second World War.[2][13][14]

The arch over the entrance has an inscription in Latin which reads, "Bene fundata est domus Domini supra firmam petram" (Well founded is the house of the Lord on firm rock).[13] Symbols carved out of stones of the three theological virtues (hope, faith, charity) and the Eucharist are also engraved.[13]

Belfry[edit]

The octagonal belltower, located on the left side of the church, has carved images of the twelve apostles distributed in the base's six faces.[11] The tower has four levels, each tapered upwards and topped with a dome and cross.[12]

Rehabilitation[edit]

Due to several repairs and renovations done on the church from the past years due to the absence of renovation plans, certain parts of the church has been altered and loss its significance.[2] The façade has been plastered but the original stone work has been revealed through time.[12] With the help of government agencies like the National Historical Commission of the Philippines and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, the church is undergoing rehabilitation works to preserve the church's cultural and historical significance.[3] The Provincial Government of Albay led by Governor Joey Salceda allotted 35 million for the rehabilitation of certain historical and cultural heritage sites in the province including the church of Daraga.[15]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of Daraga". Parish Church of Nuestra Senora de la Porteria. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Daraga church in Albay now a historical treasure". GMA News Online. October 21, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Barcia, Rhaydz (February 26, 2013). "Baroque-inspired Daraga church in Albay undergoes rehab after 240 years". Balita. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Bloom 2005, p. 196
  5. ^ Huerta 1865, p. 269
  6. ^ Valera, Manahan & Mananghaya 2005, p. 42
  7. ^ a b "Design of the Parish Church of Nuestra Senora de la Porteria". Parish Church of Nuestra Senora de la Porteria. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  8. ^ a b Arguelles, Mar (April 20, 2011). "Makeover for church in Daraga". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  9. ^ Cruz, Jasmine (May 8, 2014). "Searching for cultural treasures". Business World. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Pastors of Parish Church of Nuestra Senora de la Porteria". Parish Church of Nuestra Senora de la Porteria. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Daraga Church". WOW Legazpi. Legazpi City Tourism Office. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d Layug 2007, p. 135
  13. ^ a b c "Its Symbolism". Parish Church of Nuestra Senora de la Porteria. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  14. ^ Santoro 2011, p. 331
  15. ^ Tariman, Pablo (May 5, 2014). "Albay's heritage saving efforts highlight observance of Heritage Month". Yahoo News Philippines. Retrieved September 11, 2014.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]