Daram, Samar

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Daram
Municipality
Barangay Cabiton-An
Barangay Cabiton-An
Official seal of Daram
Seal
Map of Samar with Daram highlighted
Map of Samar with Daram highlighted
Daram is located in Philippines
Daram
Daram
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°38′N 124°47′E / 11.633°N 124.783°E / 11.633; 124.783Coordinates: 11°38′N 124°47′E / 11.633°N 124.783°E / 11.633; 124.783
Country Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Samar
District 2nd district of Samar
Barangays 58
Government[1]
 • Mayor Philip Astorga
Area[2]
 • Total 140.26 km2 (54.15 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 42,879
 • Density 310/km2 (790/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6722
IDD:area code +63 (0)55
Income class 3rd municipal income class
PSGC 086006000
Electorate 25,607 voters as of 2016
Website elgu.ncc.gov.ph/ecommunity/daram-wsamar/

Daram is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Samar, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 42,879 people.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The origin of the name Daram is from a type of bird, called Darangsiyao, that guided the initial settlers to the island.[4] Some time later, a Spaniard inquiring about the name of the island, mistook the name for "Daramsiyao". This was further shortened to the current name of Daram.[5] The original name of Daramsiyao is still in use as the name of the annual festival held in Poblacion 1 on January 15.

History[edit]

The Island was originally part of the municipality of Zumarraga, Samar, and mostly inhabited by a few fisher-folk and travelers from other places whose primary source of income was fishing and farming.

As the years passed Daram began to grow in population and economic activities through settlers and travelers who constructed dwelling units sporadically along the coastlines of the islands.

Separation from Zumarraga[edit]

On 1 September 1949, President Elpidio Quirino signed Executive Order No. 262. This order ceded the islands of Daram and Parasan from the Municipality of Zumarraga and created the independent Municipality of Daram, with barrio (now barangay) Daram as the municipal seat.[6] It must be noted that on the current list of barangay for the Municipality of Daram, there is no barangay named Daram.

Geography[edit]

Daram has a total land area of 14,026 hectares (34,659 acres). The province is composed of two major islands; Daram Island and Parasan Island. Other islands include Poro Island and Danaodanauan Island (uninhabited).

The main island features mountainous interiors with very narrow coastal areas. Mountain ranges occupy the major portion of the island municipality.

Daram has a combination of warm and cool climatic zones, thus the prevailing climate is ideal for the cultivation of a wide range of agricultural crops. There is no distinct dry season but the heavy wet season generally occurs in December.

Daram lies within the western part of Samar Sea and the Zumarraga Channel. The north and western boundary is the Samar Sea; the eastern boundary is the Zumarraga Channel; the southern boundary is Daram Channel.

It can be reached by a 30-minute boat ride from the provincial capital of Catbalogan and Northern Leyte.

Government[edit]

Like all other Municipalities in the Philippines, Daram is governed from the Municipal Hall by a Mayor and the Sangguniang Panlungsod which is composed of the City (Municipality) Vice Mayor as Presiding Officer, regular Sanggunian members (Councilors), the President of the Daram Chapter of the League of Barangays of the Philippines and the President of the Daram Chapter of the Sangguniang Kabataan (Student Leaders). These elected officials are entitled to three-year terms.

These political leaders exercise and perform the legislative powers and duties as provided for under Republic Act No. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991.[7] They are empowered to consider and conduct thorough study all matters brought to their attention and consequently pass resolutions, enact ordinances and introduce recommendations.

In 2010, it has a budgetary allocation of PHP 19.8 million from the Philippine government.

Elected Officials (2016-2019)[1][edit]

Mayor
  • Philip Astorga (Nationalist People's Coalition)
Vice Mayor
  • Lucia Astorga (Nationalist People's Coalition)
Municipal Councilors
  • Ben Amistoso (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Boboy Dacallos (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Jimmy Barrantes (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Edgar Danday (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Florentino Carcellar Jr. (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Joan Astorga (Independent)
  • Reden Lepasana (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Danedave Cariño (Nationalist People's Coalition)

Elected Officials (2013-2016)[edit]

Mayor
  • Lo Astorga (Liberal Party)
Vice Mayor
  • Ben Amistoso (Independent)
Municipal Councilors
  • Boboy Dacallos (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Henry Astorga (Independent)
  • Buddy Astorga (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Jimmy Barrantes (Independent)
  • Reden Lepasana (Nationalist People's Coalition)
  • Danilo Carino (Independent)
  • Edgar Danday Sr. (Independent)
  • Baby Carcellar (Independent)

Elected Officials (2010-2013)[edit]

Mayor
  • Lucia Latorre Astorga
Vice Mayor
  • Arthur Zamora Losa
Municipal Councilors
  • Benjamin Sauro Amistoso
  • Florentino Paragas Carcellar Jr.
  • Ronnie Quitalig Casiano
  • Jimmy Achaso Barrantes
  • Henry Verzosa Astorga
  • Dante Bulan Gososo
  • Danilo Pajares Cariño
  • Edgar Redaja Danday Sr.

Barangays[edit]

Daram is politically subdivided into 58 barangays.[2]

  • Poblacion 1 (Hilaba)
  • Poblacion 2 (Malingon)
  • Poblacion 3 (Canti-il)
  • Arawane
  • Astorga
  • Bachao
  • Baclayan
  • Bagacay
  • Bayog
  • Betaug
  • Birawan
  • Bono-anon
  • Buenavista
  • Burgos
  • Cabac
  • Cabil-isan
  • Cabiton-an
  • Cabugao
  • Cagboboto
  • Calawan-an
  • Cambuhay
  • Candugue
  • Campelipa
  • Canloloy
  • Cansaganay
  • Casab-ahan
  • Guindapunan
  • Guintampilan
  • Iquiran
  • Jacopon
  • Losa
  • Lucob-lucob
  • Mabini
  • Macalpe
  • Mandoyucan
  • Marupangdan
  • Mayabay
  • Mongolbongol
  • Nipa
  • Parasan
  • Pondang
  • Poso
  • Real
  • Rizal
  • San Antonio
  • San Jose
  • San Miguel
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Saugan
  • So-ong
  • Sua
  • Sugod
  • Talisay
  • Tugas
  • Ubo
  • Valles-Bello
  • Yangta

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population census of Daram
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 31,332 —    
1995 33,745 +1.40%
2000 35,532 +1.11%
2007 38,411 +1.08%
2010 41,322 +2.69%
2015 42,879 +0.71%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3][8][9][10]

Language[edit]

The native language of the majority in Daram is Samarnon-Waray-Waray (also known as Waraynon, Samarnon, or Samar-Leyte Visayan) and to a lesser degree Cebuano, both Visayan languages. Majority of the residents also speak and understand Tagalog and English.

Livelihood[edit]

Being an island municipality, the main livelihood is fishing and agriculture. Seafood is a local specialty, in fact, many fish are sold in the markets of nearby Catbalogan and Tacloban.

The major fishing products caught in the seas around Daram are galonggong, alumahan, tamban, pompano, bisugo (bream), lapu-lapu, rabbitfish, slipmouth and assorted. Other fish resources are seaweed, mussels/oysters, crabs and shells.

Kelp seaweed is also a major harvest and exported worldwide.

Agricultural income is derived mostly from coconuts, bananas, corn and other crops such as sweet potato, cassava, and legumes.

Infrastructure[edit]

Daram offers limited urban and extensive basic rural infrastructure that includes water-based transportation, a plentiful public water supply, electrical supply from SAMELCO II, cellular and cable communication facilities, sports and recreational facilities, tourist spots, and common service establishments.

Education[edit]

Primary Schools[edit]

Daram has 58 primary schools.[11]

  • Arawane ES
  • Astorga ES
  • Baclayan ES
  • Bagacay ES
  • Bakhaw ES
  • Bayog PS
  • Bita-Ug PS
  • Buenavista ES
  • Buno-Anon PS
  • Burgos ES
  • Cabac PS
  • Cabil-Isan PS
  • Cabiton-An ES
  • Cabugao PS
  • Cagboboto PS
  • Cagutsan PS
  • Calawan-An ES
  • Cambuhay PS
  • Campelipa PS
  • Candugue ES
  • Canloloy PS
  • Cansaganay PS
  • Casab-Ahan ES
  • Daram CS
  • Daram II CS (Birawan CS)
  • Guintampilan PS
  • Guintampilan PS
  • Iquiran PS
  • Jacopon PS
  • Losa ES
  • Lucob-Lucob PS
  • Mabini PS
  • Macalpe PS
  • Man-ngere PS
  • Mandoyucan ES
  • Marupangdan ES
  • Mayabay ES
  • MongolBongol ES
  • Nipa ES
  • Parasan ES
  • Pondang ES
  • Poso ES
  • Real PS
  • Rizal ES
  • San Antonio PS
  • San Jose ES
  • San Miguel PS
  • San Roque ES
  • San Vicente PS
  • Saugan ES
  • So-Ong PS
  • Sua ES
  • Sugod PS
  • Talisay PS
  • Tugas ES
  • Ubo ES
  • Valles-Bello ES
  • Yangta PS

Secondary Schools[edit]

Daram has 8 secondary schools.[11]

  • Bagacay NHS-Daram NHS Annex
  • Bakhaw NHS
  • Birawan NHS
  • Cabiton-an Integrated School
  • Daram NHS
  • Parasan NHS
  • Rizal Integrated School
  • Sua NHS

Religion[edit]

Most of the inhabitants of Daram are Roman Catholics and a small number of Born again (Christianity). Because of the large number of Catholics, like other places in Philippines, they also celebrate fiesta (festival).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Halalan 2016 Daram, Samar (Western Samar)". Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Samar (Western Samar)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Daram Island". Scribd. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Daram - Samar Destinations". Local Philippines. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "Executive Order No. 262, s. 1949". Retrieved 17 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Local Government Code of 1991 (Philippines)". The Official Gazette (Philippines). Republic of the Philippines. October 10, 1991. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  9. ^ "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Province of Samar (Western Samar)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools for School Year 2013-2014". Department of Education. Republic of the Philippines. 22 Oct 2014. Retrieved 12 Aug 2016. 

External links[edit]