Darbhanga

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Darbhanga
Urban Agglomeration
Lalit Narayan Mithila University at Darbhanga
Darbhanga is located in Bihar
Darbhanga
Darbhanga
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°10′N 85°54′E / 26.17°N 85.9°E / 26.17; 85.9Coordinates: 26°10′N 85°54′E / 26.17°N 85.9°E / 26.17; 85.9
Country India
State Bihar
Region Mithila
District Darbhanga
Elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 306,089
 • Rank 6th in Bihar
 • Density 16,059/km2 (41,590/sq mi)
 • Municipal 294,116 [1]
 • Population rank (municipal) 155th in India
Languages
 • Official Maithili, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 8460xx
Telephone code 06272
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR-07
Sex ratio 910:1000 /
Lok Sabha constituency Darbhanga
Vidhan Sabha constituency Darbhanga, Darbhanga Rural
Website darbhanga.bih.nic.in

Darbhanga was, as of 2011, the sixth-largest urban agglomeration[2] in the Indian state of Bihar with a population of nearly three lakh people. It is a municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters for Darbhanga district and Darbhanga division. It is known as the cultural hub of the Mithila region and historically was the seat of the Raj Darbhanga and the capital of ancient Mithila.

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Darbhanga[3]
Religion Percent
Hindus
71.76%
Muslims
27.76%
Christians
0.18%
Jains
0.01%
Others†
0.28%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.1%), Buddhists (0.01%).

As per data released by the government of India for the 2011 census, Darbhanga is an Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Class I UAs/Towns. The total population of Darbhanga UA/Metropolitan region is 306,089. The male population of which is 161,346 while female population is 144,743. Total literates: 205,203. Male literates: 115,620. Female literates: 89,583. Sex ratio: 898, Child sex ratio: (0–6 years) 905 and Effective Literacy State rate (7+ Pop): total Persons: 80.88, Male: 86.43, Female: 74.68, Compare to 2001 India census, Darbhanga City had a population of 267,348 while the district had a population of 3,295,789. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.[4] Darbhanga has an average literacy rate of 64%, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72% and, female literacy is 56%. In Darbhanga, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Darbhanga is a place where people of different languages and religions live. There are many lingual minorities which have contributed to the development of Darbhanga.

Climate[edit]

Darbhanga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Darbhanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
33.9
(93)
39.9
(103.8)
42.0
(107.6)
41.9
(107.4)
43.4
(110.1)
39.1
(102.4)
38.4
(101.1)
39.6
(103.3)
39.2
(102.6)
33.9
(93)
29.9
(85.8)
43.4
(110.1)
Average high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
34.1
(93.4)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.22)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.18
(64.72)
Record low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.9
(39)
9.2
(48.6)
10.4
(50.7)
15.9
(60.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
12.7
(54.9)
7.2
(45)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
14.0
(0.551)
9.0
(0.354)
29.0
(1.142)
76.0
(2.992)
139.0
(5.472)
353.0
(13.898)
254.0
(10)
193.0
(7.598)
73.0
(2.874)
6.0
(0.236)
7.0
(0.276)
1,166
(45.905)
Average rainy days 1.6 1.7 1.6 2.6 4.6 7.6 16.4 12.2 10.5 3.4 0.5 1.0 63.7
Average relative humidity (%) 68 63 49 56 60 70 78 79 79 73 66 67 67
Source: NOAA (1971–1990)[5]

Geography[edit]

Darbhanga is located in the northern part of Bihar.

Transport[edit]

Darbhanga is well connected via rail and road services.

Railways[edit]

Exterior of Darbhanga Junction

Darbhanga Junction is one of the oldest Railhead of North Bihar, It's a A1 category railway junction and a model station on the East Central Railway and is one of the highest earning most important railway junction in zone and in state, Darbhanga is the busiest station of Samastipur Division as it is connected directly to all the major cities of India, viz., Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Amritsar, Patna, Nagpur, Kanpur, Ranchi, Pune, Guwahati, Bhubaneshwar, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Chennai, Raipur, Bilaspur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Guwahati, Mysore, Ajmer Bangaluru etc. About the beginning of railway in Darbhanga and its neighboring areas The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 158/159. says:

"The famine of 1874 gave a great impetus to the construction of railways, and the District is on the whole well off in the matter of com- munications. Its south-west corner is traversed for 29 miles by the main line of the Bengal and North-Western Railway, and also by 25 miles of the new chord-line from Hajipur to Bachwara, which runs parallel to the Ganges embankment from east to west. From Samastipur a line runs to Darbhanga town and there branches off in two directions, the first north-west to Sitamarhi through Kamtaul and Jogiara, and the other due east to Khanwa Ghat on the Kosi (Old streem) near Pratapganj[6] The total length of the line within the District is 146 miles.Most of the earthwork for a line from Sakri to Jaynagar on the Nepal frontier was completed as a relief work during the famine of 1897 ; and the line,

which has now been opened, should tap a large grain supply from Nepal".[7]

The Darbhanga Junction connects very large part of North Bihar and Tarai of Nepal with rest of India as major Rail head. It is the main station of Darbhanga & Madhubani.

One more railway station of the city is known as Laheriasarai Railway Station. Laheriasarai is famous for the Lah(Lahthi). Gangasagar express no 13185 & 13186 viz stops there.

Roadways[edit]

NH 57 which is part of India's East-West highway corridor passes through Darbhanga

Darbhanga is connected to other parts of India by National Highway 27, National Highway 527B and Bihar State highways 50, 56, 88 and 75. Darbhanga is also connected to the Madhubani which is located at Nepal border and Sitamarhi.

East-West Corridor expressway, which connects the Porbandar, Gujarat to Silchar, Assam passes through Darbhanga which provides greater connectivity for trade purposes.

The city has two bus stands – Darbhanga Bus Stand and Laheriasarai Bus Stand – and a new interstate bus stand is under construction for the city. Bus services are available from Darbhanga to all the nearby major cities viz. Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Ranchi, Jamshedpur.

Local transport[edit]

For local transport, the commuters have the options of city bus and auto-rickshaw. Auto rickshaws are the popular mode of local commuting. The City Bus Service is also in the city by BSRTC. Low-floor buses are also proposed for the city by Central Govt.

Darbhanga Airport[edit]

Darbhanga Airport is a military air base with a 9,000 feet (2,700 m) runway.

Darbhanga Airport will also be open for civil airlines as it got selected in UDAN Phase 2. This will be operational by Jan 2019 as per AAI. AAI has already closed the bidding of intermediary terminal, runway recarpetting and power etc. Spicejet shown interest during UDAN Phase 2 bidding and choosen to start connectivity for below three cities: 1. Delhi 2. Mumbai 3. Bangalore

Media and communications[edit]

All India Radio has a 20 kW medium-wave radio station in Darbhanga which transmits various programs of mass interest and cover a part of North Bihar and terai of Nepal.[citation needed]

Doordarshan has one DD National and one DD News LPT relay transmitters.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Platinum Jubilee gate of Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital

There are numerous educational institutions in Darbhanga, including:

Medical colleges[edit]

University[edit]

Engineering and technology colleges[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Census 2011 Darbhanga City". Census 2011. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Census of India: View Population Details". www.censusindia.gov.in. Government of India. 2001. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Zahedan Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 

External links[edit]