Darby Crash in April 1980
|Birth name||Jan Paul Beahm|
|Also known as||Bobby Pyn|
|Born||September 26, 1958|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Died||December 7, 1980 (aged 22)|
Hollywood, California, U.S.
Darby Crash (formerly Bobby Pyn; born Jan Paul Beahm; September 26, 1958 – December 7, 1980) was an American punk rock vocalist and songwriter who, along with longtime friend Pat Smear (born Georg Ruthenberg), co-founded the punk rock band the Germs. He committed suicide by way of an intentional heroin overdose. His literary, musical and philosophical influences, which included Friedrich Nietzsche, David Bowie, Charles Manson and Adolf Hitler, resulted in lyrics that were unusually wordy and impressionistic among Los Angeles punk groups of the late 1970s.
Born in Baldwin Hills Hospital, Los Angeles County at 11 PM, Beahm had a troubled childhood. While still a baby, he and his family lived in Venice, California. He grew up in Culver City and later, West Los Angeles. When he was 11 years old, his eldest half-brother Bobby Lucas died of a heroin overdose at the age of 27, thought to have been murdered by a disgruntled drug dealer who intentionally sold him an unusually potent batch of the drug. He grew up believing that his biological father was a man named Harold "Hal" Beahm, who had left the family early on in his life. When he was a teenager, one of his elder half-sisters, Faith Jr., revealed in an argument that his biological father was actually a Swedish sailor named William Björklund. Beahm lived with his mother Faith Reynolds-Baker for much of his life, but their relationship was tumultuous. The accounts given of her in Brendan Mullen and Don Bolles' 2002 book Lexicon Devil: The Fast Times and Short Life of Darby Crash and the Germs portray her as having a mental illness, which caused her to behave erratically and be verbally abusive toward her son. Faith's third husband, Bob Baker, died suddenly of a heart attack at 39 in 1972; they had married in 1964 when a very young Beahm introduced the idea of them marrying after they began dating. She never married Beahm's biological father, and not long after Bob Baker's death, Beahm learned that his biological father, whom he never met, was also deceased. Bob Baker was a Korean War veteran. Hal Beahm was Faith, Jr.'s biological father.
Beahm attended IPS (Innovative Program School), an alternative school within University High School in Los Angeles which Beahm dubbed "Interplanetary School". The IPS program combined elements of est large group awareness training and Scientology.
Beahm did not take the IPS program seriously. As students in the IPS program were given the liberty to form their own classes, Beahm and fellow student Georg Ruthenberg created a class for themselves called Fruit Eating in which they would go to a market, eat fruit for an hour, then return to school. Frequent users of LSD at the time, Beahm and Ruthenberg developed a following of other IPS students who would also use the drug. The two were accused of brainwashing the other students and causing them to behave subversively, which led to the dismissal of Beahm and Ruthenberg from the school in 1976. Beahm said to a friend: "Acid took two years of my life. I don't remember anything."
After being threatened that police would be called if Beahm showed himself back on campus, he went to the school board to fight for his diploma. According to his mother, Beahm later enrolled at Santa Monica College where he took courses in dance, ballet, and tap. He also made jewelry and sold some.
Not long after their dismissal from IPS, Beahm and Ruthenberg began trying to form a band, inspired by the untamed, amateurs-open aesthetic of pre-punk groups like The Runaways and The Stooges. Before they settled on the Germs as a band name, they called themselves "Sophistifuck and the Revlon Spam Queens", but had to use a shorter name because they didn't have enough money to put this on a T-shirt. After putting out an ad requesting "two untalented girls" who couldn't play their instruments, the two friends were joined by the suitably inexperienced bassist Terri Ryan, soon to be rechristened Lorna Doom, and drummer Belinda Carlisle, dubbed Dottie Danger, who never played a show with the group due to an extended bout of mononucleosis and went on to fame and fortune as both lead vocalist of The Go-Go's and an even more successful solo artist. She was quickly replaced with Becky Barton (aka "Donna Rhia"), who played three gigs with the group and recorded with them on their debut single, 1977's "Forming".
When the Germs initially began playing out, the only member who was proficient with an instrument was Ruthenberg, who now called himself Pat Smear. Beahm initially dubbed himself Bobby Pyn, as he is credited on the group's first recording, but soon jettisoned the moniker in favor of the more overtly menacing Darby Crash, a name which he had initially referred to in the lyrics of the song "Circle One".
The Germs were captured famously in Penelope Spheeris' 1981 film The Decline of Western Civilization. The film features a characteristically hectic and sloppy live show in which Crash, heavily intoxicated and under the influence of several drugs, calls to the audience for beer, stumbles and crawls on the stage and slurs lyrics while members of the audience write on him with permanent markers. During an interview in the film, Crash also discusses taking drugs onstage to avoid feeling injuries from fan violence and "creeps out there with grudges". The Germs were well known for their violent, chaotic performances, often exacerbated by Crash's drug abuse, which increased steadily over the group's brief lifespan. All of this resulted in the band being banned from nearly every rock club in Los Angeles, which they nevertheless managed to avoid by playing under the alias G.I. (standing for "Germs Incognito"). By the point in which they were filmed for "The Decline of Western Civilization", in late 1979, director Spheeris had to rent a soundstage called Cherrywood Studios in California in order for them to play a show outside of the club circuit from which they had been largely blacklisted.
Later life and suicide
Plagued by Crash's worsening heroin addiction, and live performances that now often ended prematurely due to violent conflict between audience members and the Los Angeles Police Department, the Germs disintegrated in April 1980, their last show being April 26 at the Fleetwood in Redondo Beach. Crash traveled to Britain, where he became heavily enamored with the music of Adam and the Ants, adopted an Adam Ant-inspired new look that included a mohawk, and put on a considerable amount of weight (some of which he eventually lost). Upon his return to the United States, Crash formed the very short-lived Darby Crash Band; Circle Jerks drummer Lucky Lehrer joined the ill-fated ensemble on the eve of their first live performance, after Crash kicked out the drummer they'd rehearsed with during soundcheck and convinced Pat Smear to act as the group's guitarist. Smear described the band as "like the Germs, but with worse players".
Crash committed suicide by intentional heroin overdose on December 7, 1980 in a house in the Mid-Wilshire section of Hollywood, California. According to SPIN magazine, apocryphal lore has Crash attempting to write "Here lies Darby Crash" on the wall as he lay dying, but not finishing. In reality, he wrote a short note to Darby Crash Band bassist David "Bosco" Danford that stated "My life, my leather, my love goes to Bosco."
His death was largely overshadowed by that of John Lennon, who was killed by Mark David Chapman in New York just one day after Crash's suicide. His female friend Casey Cola Hopkins was with him that night, at her mother's main house. Casey was supposed to have died with him in the coach house (which was a converted garage) that night as part of a supposed death pact, but ended up surviving. Crash is interred at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California, USA, Plot: Section R (Resurrection) T9 115.
Crash's mother, Faith Ardelan Baker (February 28, 1922 – May 31, 2009), died in Los Angeles. Up until her death, she was convinced that her son's death was from an accidental overdose and not a suicide. His sister, Faith Jr., died of cancer in 2006 in Los Angeles.
Books and movies
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Crash and the Germs are the subject of the 2007 biopic What We Do Is Secret which stars Shane West as Crash, Bijou Phillips as Lorna Doom, Rick Gonzalez as Pat Smear, and Noah Segan as Bolles. What We Do Is Secret, a novel of the same name written by Thorn Kief Hillsbery, was published in 2005.
Lexicon Devil: The Fast Times and Short Life of Darby Crash and the Germs, an oral history of the Germs and biography of Darby Crash written by Brendan Mullen, was published in 2002.
"1978 Crashed Memories of an L.A. Punk Rocker" by Ger-I Lewis about the punk scene, life in Venice, as well as detailed anecdotes about the life and death of Crash. Published in 2009, 120 pp., paperback.
- Ensminger, David A. (2011). Visual Vitriol: The Street Art and Subcultures of the Punk and Hardcore Generation. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781604739688. p. 161.
- Mullen, Brendan (December 27, 2000). "Annihilation Man". LA Weekly. Retrieved June 11, 2016.
- Mullen, Brendan; Spitz, Marc (May 2001). "Sit on My Face, Stevie Nicks!: The Germs, Darby Crash, and the Birth of SoCal Punk". Spin 17 (5): 102.
- Mullen, Brendan; Spitz, Marc (May 2001). "Sit on My Face, Stevie Nicks!: The Germs, Darby Crash, and the Birth of SoCal Punk". Spin 17 (5): 106.
- Campion, Chris (January 20, 2011). "Strange Notes: The Story of Darby Crash and The Germs". Sabotage Times. Retrieved June 11, 2016.
- State of California. California Birth Index, 1905-1995. Sacramento, CA, US: State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.
- State of California. California Death Index, 1940-1997. Sacramento, CA, US: State of California Department of Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.
- Duralde, Alonso; Anne Stockwell (2002-07-09). "Biographies – Wild reads: waves, winds, and a good book you can take while you bake—isn't that what summer's all about?". The Advocate.
- Mullen, Brendan (2002). Lexicon Devil: The Fast Times and Short Life of Darby Crash and the Germs. Feral House. p. 257.
- Alternative rock By Dave Thompson. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 391
- Mullen. Lexicon Devil. pp. 40–41.
- Mullen, Brendan (2000-12-27). "Annihilation Man; How Darby Crash lost control. Of the Germs. Of Circle One. Everything". LA Weekly. Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved 2007-05-23.
- Mullen. Lexicon Devil. p. 19.
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- Alternative rock By Dave Thompson p. 391
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- Janet Maslin (1981). "The Decline of Western Civilization (1981)". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- Mullen, Lexicon Devil
- The tombstone tourist: musicians By Scott Stanton p. 306
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- Mullen, Lexicon Devil. p. 255.
- Wide-Eyed Boy: The Darby Crash story (revised edition), Lori Weiner, 2008 http://culturanta.wordpress.com Archived 2014-04-07 at the Wayback Machine.
- Mullen, Lexicon Devil . p.168
- Mullen, Brendan; et al. (2002). Lexicon Devil: The Fast Times and Short Life of Darby Crash and the Germs. Feral House. ISBN 9780922915705.