Front St. Downtown Dardanelle. January 2020
"Where history & hospitality reside"
Location of Dardanelle in Yell County, Arkansas.
|• Total||3.64 sq mi (9.44 km2)|
|• Land||3.64 sq mi (9.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||331 ft (101 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,251.37/sq mi (483.11/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0079131|
|Website||City of Dardanelle Arkansas|
Dardanelle is a city in Yell County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,745 at the 2010 census. Along with Danville, it serves as a county seat for Yell County. It is located near Lake Dardanelle.
Dardanelle is one of the oldest cities in the state of Arkansas. Officially incorporated in 1855, Dardanelle celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2005. However, the area had been settled for years before that, first being established as a river town in the mid-18th century. It is Yell County's dual county seat, sharing that title with Danville.
The Treaty of Council Oaks was signed on June 24, 1823 on what is now Front Street beneath two huge oak trees (102 feet high and 400–500 years old). Under orders of President James Monroe, U.S. Army Colonel David Brearly and Arkansas territorial secretary Robert Crittendon met with Chief Black Fox and several Cherokee leaders to determine boundaries. As a result of the treaty, the Cherokees gave up all of their land in Arkansas south of the Arkansas River. One of the trees was destroyed in the early 1990s in a flood, but the other is still standing. The site is now a city park.
Because of its location on the banks of the Arkansas River, Dardanelle was one of Arkansas's leading towns in the 19th century. Hundreds of barges, steamboats, and other vessels traveled by the town annually. Approximately halfway between the state's two largest cities of Little Rock and Fort Smith, Dardanelle was a transportation and business hub, known as a marketplace for gin, rum and cotton.
Dardanelle has a history of being one of the state's leading immigration centers that continues to this day. Vast numbers of Czech and German families, including the Ballouns, Vodrazkas, Staneks, and Pfeiffers, came to the town in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and their impact can still be felt. As of 2010, Dardanelle has one of the highest percentages of Hispanics in the state, with over 36% of the town's population Hispanic (up from 21% in 2000).
Merritt Park opened in the late 1990s on the west side of town. It is a large, state-of-the-art park featuring outstanding baseball facilities, a playground, soccer fields, basketball courts, and a walking/jogging trail. The adjacent Dardanelle Community Center opened around the same time, and provides multiple services for the community.
In the late 19th century, a pontoon bridge between Dardanelle and Russellville replaced ferry service. Spanning 2,208 feet, it was the longest pontoon bridge ever constructed across a moving body of water. The bridge was completely washed out multiple times during its nearly forty years of existence.
The Dardanelle Lock & Dam, constructed in the 1960s as a part of the McClellan-Kerr Navigation System, led to the formation of Lake Dardanelle. It is a source of hydropower, and helps regulate river traffic on the Arkansas River. In 2013 it had an operating budget just over 8.9 million dollars.
During the 2019 Arkansas River floods, a levee just south of Dardanelle near Holla Bend failed and broke at 1 a.m. Friday, May 31. Over the next few days water came perilously close to homes, schools and businesses in the southern part of Dardanelle but receded before causing any major damage.
Dardanelle is located at (35.222539, -93.160408).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,228 people, 1,605 households, and 1,078 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,382.0 people per square mile (533.5/km²). There were 1,747 housing units at an average density of 571.0 per square mile (220.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.24% White, 4.64% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 16.65% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. 21.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,727, and the median income for a family was $30,457. Males had a median income of $21,138 versus $17,370 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,583. About 14.9% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.
According to 2010 Census results, the population of the area was approximately 4,745 people. From 2000 to 2010, the Dardanelle city population growth percentage was 12.2% (or from 4,228 people to 4,745 people). 28.7% of the Dardanelle city residents were under 18 years of age. Racial data for Dardanelle city include the breakdown percentages of 57.9% non-Latino White, 3.6% African American, 0.5% Asian and 36.1% Hispanic, with 1,346 of 1,745 Latino residents being of Mexican descent.
Also, there were 1,877 housing units in Dardanelle city, 89.5% of which were occupied housing units, with just over 50% of occupied units being those of homeowners. There were 1,680 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.33.
After falling into decay for a number of years, Front Street, which borders the Arkansas River, is thriving once again. Daly's Downtown (now Front Street Grill), Savanah's Restaurant (now closed), and Millyn's Gift Store anchored this rejuvenation. A devastating fire on August 15, 2015 destroyed three historic buildings (including Millyn's) and badly damaged two others on the Southwest side of Front Street between Locust and Market streets. Three new buildings (including Millyn's) echoing the period architectural style of other commercial buildings along Front Street were constructed to replace them. Beautiful views of the river, historic buildings, shops and a variety of restaurants make Front Street one of the premier places to visit in the Arkansas River Valley. Other main commercial areas in the city include Union, Quay, and 2nd Streets.
Dardanelle is well known for its local restaurants. The Front Street Grill is a popular night spot specializing in Cajun and American fare with live entertainment. A variety of Hispanic/Mexican restaurants, such as Tarasco's Mexican Restaurant, Mango’s Cafe on Front St.; La Plaza Mexicana and El Parian on Union St.; and Casa de Sol on Highway 7 South, showcase the city's vibrant Hispanic culture. Fowler’s is a popular home-style restaurant on 2nd St. and Tony’s on Highway 22 serves up Italian dishes. Dardanelle also includes fast food options such as Sonic, Shipley, Pizza Hut, Burger King, McDonalds, Taco Bell and Subway.
Some of Dardanelle’s larger employers include Tyson Foods, Walmart Supercenter, The Dardanelle Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, Dardanelle School System, Dardanelle City Government and Chambers Bank, which acquired River Town Bank (formerly the Bank of Dardanelle) in 2019.
Dardanelle is home to the Dardanelle Post-Dispatch. Established in 1853, the newspaper claims to be the oldest weekly newspaper in Arkansas.
Arts and culture
Points of interest
A number of attractions can be found in Dardanelle or its surrounding area, including:
- The Yell County Courthouse (on the National Register of Historic Places)
- Dardanelle Agriculture and Post Office
- Dardanelle Rock
Parks and recreation
- Lake Dardanelle
- Mount Nebo and Mount Nebo State Park
- Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge
- Dana Merritt Park
- Veterans' Memorial Riverfront Park
- Council Oaks Park and Historic Site
The Arkansas River Valley Regional Library system is based in Dardanelle, which consists of one central library, located at 501 North Front Street, and six branch libraries in other communities, which provide area residents with access to print books, publications and multimedia content.
The Dardanelle and Russellville Railroad, or "D&R" as it is known locally, is one of few remaining short-line railroads in the state. It connects Dardanelle with its larger neighbor on the north bank of the river. Highways 7, 22, 27, and 28 can be found ending or going through Dardanelle. Dardanelle is halfway between the Buffalo River to the north and Hot Springs to the south on Scenic Byway 7.
- The Lion's Den Golf Course
- Jim R. Caldwell, born in Dardanelle in 1936 and reared there through the eleventh grade; first Republican to serve in the Arkansas State Senate in the 20th century, 1969-1978; retired Church of Christ minister in Tulsa, Oklahoma
- Johnny Carpenter, film actor
- Tom Cotton, Republican junior U.S. Senator from Arkansas
- Ethel Cole Cunningham, native of Dardanelle and believed to be the first woman from Yell County elected to the state General Assembly where she served two terms
- John Daly, golfer, lived in Dardanelle as a child; he currently owns a home near Dardanelle and the Lion's Den Golf Course
- Henry C. Gibson was credited with developing a box-style turkey call that came to be known as the Gibson Turkey Box. This unique call had the distinction of being the first box-style turkey call patented in the United States
- Jesse Cleveland Hart Associate Justice and later Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Arkansas. He was born in a two-story log home near Dardanelle on July 25, 1864
- Terrence Shurn *Max Morgan* 1955-2014 Sportscaster for 40 years with his last affiliate Fox 4 News, Dallas, TX
- Harold Snyder was the man most often credited with bringing the poultry industry to the Arkansas River Valley
- James Lee Witt, former director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency
- McElroy House for Cultural Resources Serving Pope and Yell Counties, the McElroy House is grassroots community-based organization working to find local solutions to local problems.
- True Grit (novel), setting for the novel is a farm in the Dardanelle area.
- True Grit Trail, starts in Dardanelle, continues on AR 22 and ends in Fort Smith.
- "City of Dardanelle Arkansas". City of Dardanelle Arkansas. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Dardanelle Pontoon Bridge
- Treaty of Council Oaks
- "Dardanelle (Yell County)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
- "Brearley Cemetery Historic Section, Dardanelle, Yell County". Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- Dardanelle, AR Population and Races
- "Dardanelle Lock & Dam, AR Fact Sheet" (PDF). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 5 February 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- Hersher, Rebecca; Rott, Nathan (May 31, 2019). "'It's Never Done This': Arkansas River Keeps Flooding, Testing Levees And Patience". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". American Factfinder. United States Census Bureau. 5 February 2012. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Dardanelle School District". Dardanelle School District. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dardanelle, Arkansas.|
- Dardanelle Chamber of Commerce
- City of Dardanelle Arkansas Portal style website, Government, Business, Library, Recreation and more
- City-Data.com Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Dardanelle
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas Statistical Data and historical information about Dardanelle