Darius (video game)

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Darius
Darius arcade flyer.jpg
Japanese promotional flyer
Developer(s)Taito
Publisher(s)Taito
Designer(s)Junji Yarita, Akira Fujita
Programmer(s)Toru Sugawara
Artist(s)Junji Yarita
Composer(s)Hisayoshi Ogura
SeriesDarius
Platform(s)Arcade, Amiga, ZX Spectrum, Atari ST, PC Engine, Game Boy Advance, Mobile phone, PlayStation 4
Release
  • JP: February 1987
  • NA: 1987
Genre(s)Horizontal-scrolling shooter
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer

Darius[a] is a 1987 horizontal-scrolling shooter arcade game developed and published by Taito. Players control a starship named the Silver Hawk in its mission to destroy the Belser empire before they wipe out the planet Darius. Its gameplay involves traversing through a series of scrolling levels while destroying enemies and collecting power-up icons. It is notable for its unique three-screen panoramic display.[1]

The game was designed by a small team of others lead by Junji Yarita. In contrast to other similar games, which feature mechanical or insect-like enemies, Darius uses aquatic creatures like fish and crabs for its enemies and screen-filling bosses. Its large arcade cabinet, based on Taito's earlier panoramic display game Laser Grand Prix (1983), was designed to provide a cinematic atmosphere and stand out from other games at the time. The soundtrack was created by Taito's "house band" Zuntata, the majority being composed through a combination of FM synthesis and sampling.

Gameplay[edit]

Arcade version screenshot.

Darius is a two-dimensional horizontally scrolling shoot 'em up set in a fictional future. Uniquely among shoot 'em ups, the game's screen is three times wider than conventional size, and the arcade cabinet uses an arrangement of three screens to accommodate it. The player controls an ornate fighter spacecraft, named the Silver Hawk, and must navigate through scrolling terrain while battling a variety of fighter craft, ground vehicles, turrets, and other obstacles throughout the game's stages (referred to as zones in the game). The ship's arsenal consists of forward-firing missiles, aerial bombs and a protective force field, all of which can be upgraded by power-ups (in the form of large, colored orbs) that are dropped by specially-colored enemies throughout the game's zones. When the player reaches the end of a zone, a boss appears, which must be defeated to proceed. Once the boss of a zone is destroyed, the player is given a choice of which zone to play next via a branching path. While there are 28 zones in total, only seven can be played in a single run.[2][3][4][5]

Development[edit]

Darius was designed by Junji Yarita, with assistance by planner Akira Fujita and programmer Toru Sugawara.[6] Fujita was interested in creating a shoot'em up game where the player fought a huge battleship at the end of each stage — as a way to "spice things up" and make it stand out among other similar games, Fujita made the bosses themed around fish and other aquatic creatures.[6] Yarita designed these battleships and created a total of 26 different designs; however, time constraints only allowed the development team to use 11 of them in the final game.[6] A single boss took roughly ten days to create.[6] Some of the unused designs made it onto the game's promotional material, which was attributed to the art being outsourced to a different company.[6]

Darius cabinets use mirrors on the sides of the center monitor to reflect monitors below.

The arcade cabinet, designed by Natsuki Hirosawa, uses three individual monitors made to appear seamless via mirror effects.[7] The idea was previously used in Taito's earlier games Wyvern F-O and Super Dead Heat, and was added to give the game a more cinematic presentation and to make it feel more unique compared to other shooting games on the market.[7] A headphone jack and volume dials are also present, as is a speaker system installed beneath the player's seat, which is referred to by Taito as a "body sonic" system. This concept was originally meant to be used for the 1983 game Laser Grand Prix; however, it proved too costly and was scrapped.[6] The enemy names were derived from different types of medicine, alongside names of people within the company spelled backwards.[6] Fujita worked on the stage designs and power-ups himself, which he stated was one of the biggest challenges during development — ship upgrades were originally in the form of small pod-like craft that orbited the player; however, Fujita disliked this idea and cut it from the game.[6]

The game's soundtrack was composed by Hisayoshi Ogura, the founder of Taito's "house band" Zuntata.[8] Ogura wanted the music to convey a sense of a deep, expanded universe, and to make it stand out among other shoot'em up games at the time.[8] Much of the music was composed via a combination of FM synthesis and sampling, while some was made by the Yokosuka Symphony orchestra group.[9] The song "Captain Neo", used in the game's first zone, was originally used as the main theme for Taito's earlier arcade game Metal Soldier Isaac II, used as a placeholder track during its presentation at tradeshows — Ogura liked the track for its sense of "overwhelming power", and decided to keep it in the final version.[8]

Release[edit]

Darius was released for arcades in Japan in February 1987, and in North America later that year.[10]

Three PC Engine ports were produced by NEC Avenue for the Japanese market in 1990. Super Darius was released for the CD-ROM² System add-on on March 16, followed by Darius Plus as an 8-Megabit HuCard version on September 21. Darius Plus is the only commercially-released HuCard that has enhanced support for the PC Engine SuperGrafx.[11] A third version, Darius Alpha, was released as a sweepstakes giveaway and was limited to only 800 copies. Darius Alpha is an alternate version of Darius Plus where the player fights only the bosses. Like Darius Plus, it has enhanced support for the SuperGrafx.[12] All three PC Engine versions were developed by Bits Laboratory. During the same year, a home computer version of the game titled Darius+ (unrelated to the similarly-titled PC Engine port) was published by The Edge and developed by Softek for the Amiga, Atari ST and ZX Spectrum in Europe. In 2002, PCCW ported the game to the Game Boy Advance in Japan as Darius R.

In August 2016 the original arcade version was re-released for PlayStation 4 in Japan and other Asian PS-Stores. The port was made by Hamster Corporation and is part of the Arcade Archives on PlayStation 4.[13] Darius R, a remake of the first Darius game with some different tunes and a fewer number of stages, was released for the Game Boy Advance in 2002. While never originally ported to the Sega Genesis, a port of the game by M2 is featured on the Sega Genesis Mini microconsole.[14] An expanded version titled Darius Extra Version will be released for the Sega Mega Drive.[15]

Reception[edit]

In April 1987, Game Machine listed Darius as being the most popular upright arcade unit in Japan at the time.[20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Japanese: ダライアス, Hepburn: Daraiasu

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kurt Kalata. "Darius". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
  2. ^ Wolf, Mark (2007). The Video Game Explosion: A History from PONG to PlayStation and Beyond. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-313-33868-7.
  3. ^ Darius at the Killer List of Videogames
  4. ^ Maughan, Teresa (September 1987). "Slots of Fun". Your Sinclair. Dennis Publishing (21): 81. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  5. ^ Edgeley, Clare (March 1987). "Arcade Action". Computer and Video Games (65): 92. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Ishii, Zenji (July 1987). "ダライアス開発者座談会". Gamest (in Japanese). No. 10. Shinseisha. pp. 22–23. (Translation by Shmuplations. Archived 2019-07-30 at the Wayback Machine).
  7. ^ a b "ダリウスのメイキング". Beep (in Japanese). No. 29. SoftBank Creative. April 1987. (Translation by Shmuplations. Archived 2019-09-14 at the Wayback Machine).
  8. ^ a b c Kotowski, Don; Greening, Chris (April 2011). "Interview with Hisayoshi Ogura". squareenixmusic.com. Square Enix Music Online. Archived from the original on 2018-07-13. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  9. ^ "Darius – 1987 Composer Interview with Hisayoshi "OGR" Ogura". shmuplations.com. Archived from the original on 2019-09-14. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  10. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). タイトー (Taito); Taito America; D. アーケードTVゲームリスト 国内•海外編 (1971-2005) (in Japanese) (1st ed.). Amusement News Agency. pp. 43, 137, 150. ISBN 978-4990251215.
  11. ^ "スーパーPCエンジンファン" [Super PC Engine Fan] (in Japanese). Vol. 1. Tokuma Shoten Intermedia. January 15, 1994. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  12. ^ "ダライアスプラス ( ゲーム ) - ゲーム広告資料館 - Yahoo!ブログ" (in Japanese).
  13. ^ Romano, Sal (August 19, 2015). "Darius Series, Other Taito Classics Coming to PS4 Arcade Archives". Gematsu. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  14. ^ Dayus, Oscar (June 5, 2019). "Full Sega Genesis / Mega Drive Mini Games List Confirmed, Includes Some Super-Rare Titles". GameSpot. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  15. ^ "メガドライブミニ版『ダライアス』が単体カートリッジなどで、まさかの発売! プロジェクトに関わるキーマンたちに話を聞いたメガドラ『ダライアス』座談会". Famitsu (in Japanese). Kadokawa Game Linkage. 10 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  16. ^ Knight, Kyle (1998). "Darius Plus - Review". Allgame. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  17. ^ Glancey, Paul (January 1990). "Review: Darius Plus" (98). Computer + Video Games. p. 92. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  18. ^ Patterson, Mark (December 1989). "Darius+" (75). Commodore User. p. 81. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Darius Plus" (7). Raze. May 1991. p. 62. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  20. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - アップライト, コックピット型TVゲーム機 (Upright/Cockpit Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 305. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 April 1987. p. 25.

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