Darius Gaiden

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Darius Gaiden
Darius flyer.jpg
Producer(s)Hidehiro Fujiwara
Designer(s)Hisakazu Kato
Programmer(s)Akira Kurabayashi
Artist(s)Hirokazu Kato
Composer(s)Hisayoshi Ogura
Platform(s)Arcade, Sega Saturn, PlayStation, Windows
  • JP: September 1994
  • NA: November 1994
Genre(s)Horizontal-scrolling shooter
Mode(s)Single player, multiplayer

Darius Gaiden[a] (planned to be released as Darius III) is a shoot 'em up arcade game, developed and released by Taito in 1994. It is the third arcade installment of the Darius series.


The player launching a black hole bomb towards waves of enemies

Darius Gaiden is a horizontal-scrolling shooter video game, and is part of the Darius series. The player controls a starship named the Silver Hawk in its mission to obliterate the Belser empire, which is plotting to destroy what is left of the human race and their new home of planet Darius.[1] The game uses a non-linear level progression system where players can select whichever level they choose after completing the previous one. There are twenty-seven stages total, with the player only being able to play seven of them at a time. In these levels, the Silver Hawk must destroy constantly-moving formations of enemies while avoiding their projectiles, as well as dodging obstacles. Enemies are made to resemble fish, crabs, seahorses, and other aquatic creatures. Levels conclude with a boss that must be defeated by destroying its weak spot.[1]

The Silver Hawk begins the game with a forward-moving shot. Collecting colored emblems dropped by correspondingly-colored enemies allows the player to power-up the Silver Hawk's abilities.[2] Green emblems grant the player missiles, red emblems increase the length and power of shots, and blue emblems give the player a protective shield.[1] Collecting additional emblems upgrades the player's weapons, such as a stronger shield or missiles that move forwards and backwards. The Silver Hawk also begins the game with three black hole bombs. Firing them creates a large swirling vortex that sucks in all enemies and projectiles, followed by lightning strikes that inflict massive damage on enemies.[1] The Silver Hawk also has the ability to capture minibosses, which appear in the middle of most levels. This is accomplished by destroying the energy orb on its head and collecting it when it flies off. Captured minibosses ally with the player and fire their own weapons at enemies for a brief period of time, before they self-destruct.[1]


Darius Gaiden was published by Taito as the third arcade installment in their Darius series, and the fifth entry overall. Its development was headed by producer Hidehiro Fujiwara, who was alongside designer and artist Hirokazu Kato, and programmer Akira Kurabayashi. Fujiwara had little exposure to the series aside from assisting in production of the original Darius. Nonetheless, he was a fan of the first game, and was ready to work on a sequel that could improve on concepts established by its predecessors.[3] When Fujiawara was conceiving the idea for Gaiden, Taito released its F3 System, an arcade system board that allowed arcade operators to swap out games through interchangeable ROM cartridges, similar to the Neo Geo.[4] Taito wanted big-name franchises to appear on their new board to increase awareness and attract attention, so Fujiwara proposed the idea of a Darius game as the series was well-known in Japan. Taito approved the request and allowed development of Darius Gaiden to begin.[3]

The original Darius and its sequel Darius II both used a three-screen panoramic display with mirrors, creating the illusion of a seamless screen. Kato insisted that Gaiden scrap this concept and use a single-screen display, as he felt the concept had grown old by that point. During production, the development team focused on making the game fun to play and unlike any other shooter before it to make it stand out.[3] Fujiwara and the others also wanted the game to show off the technical capabilities of the F3 System, such as its sprite rotation and 3D effects. The game was originally titled Darius III, which was used in overseas marketing material.[5] Due to the story taking place between Darius II and the first Darius, Kato decided to name the game Darius Gaiden, with "gaiden" being a Japanese term for "side story".[3]


The soundtrack for Darius Gaiden was composed by Zuntata, the "house band" of Taito.[6][7] The band's leader, Hisayoshi Ogura, was the director of the music. Ogura based its music on Jungian archetypes, presenting them in an operatic fashion. He describes the music for the first level, "Visionnerz", as being "the collapse of the ego given musical form". It uses lyrics pulled from other sources, which are based on the idea of "truth isn't what lies in front of you".[8] Ogura intended the music to represent the game's dream-like stages and atmosphere, toying with the concept of illusions and scenarios that never actually happened.[8] In an interview, he stated: "If you were looking at something and it changed in front of your eyes, and you suddenly realized that everything you thought was an indisputable truth a second ago wasn’t true at all, that would be a considerable shock to you. People in such situations would be unable to maintain their composure. They’d start to break down mentally. That’s the kind of concept I wanted to convey through “VISIONNERZ” and the music of Darius Gaiden."[8]

The entire soundtrack was completed in order, with Visionnerz being the source of inspiration for most of the music. Unlike Taito's other game soundtracks, the one for Gaiden is synchronized to the gameplay and sound effects, which was possible through constant communication between programmers and sound designers.[6] For the final stages, the music was made to change in tone when the boss shows up, creating an intense and ominous atmosphere. The band's sound engineer, Katsuhisa Ishikawa, designed the game's sound effects.[6] Ogura has claimed that Darius Gaiden is his favorite soundtrack in terms of direction.[6]


Darius Gaiden was released in Japan in September 1994, and in North America in November.[9] In promotional material, Taito advertised the game's new mechanics and more serious tone.[10] In the months after its debut, an updated version named Darius Gaiden Extra Edition was released. Extra Edition changes the level progression system slightly by swapping out easier levels with those that are much harder. It also provides minor alterations to the gameplay, such as increasing the rate of fire and removing the cap on the number of black hole bombs that can be carried. Extra Edition also has a gameplay mode that converts the branching stage paths into one long, singular run through every level.[11]

The game has been ported to several consoles. It was first released on the Sega Saturn on December 15, 1995 in Japan. This version was released a year later in North America, where it was published by Acclaim Entertainment as part of their publishing deal with Taito.[11] The Saturn version is a near-perfect port, with slight alterations to the soundtrack to accommodate for system limitations. A PlayStation version was released exclusively in Japan on December 20, 1996, which adds a new opening cutscene with 3D pre-rendered models. This version was developed by BEC, a video game development subsidiary of Bandai. Darius Gaiden was released for Windows in 1997, which was subsequently re-released in North America in 2004. The 2005 PlayStation 2 and Xbox compilation Taito Legends 2 includes Darius Gaiden and 43 other Taito-published arcade games.[12] Darius Gaiden is also included in Darius Cozmic Collection, released in 2019 for the Nintendo Switch.[13]


Review scores
Famitsu32/40 (SS)[15]
24/40 (PS)[16]
GamePro4/5 stars[17]
Next Generation2/5 stars[18]
PC Gamer (US)74%[19]
Sega Saturn Magazine80%[20]
FamitsuGold Hall of Fame[15]
Gamest2nd Best Graphic
3rd Best Shooting
7th Grand Prize[21]

Upon its debut in arcades, Darius Gaiden received critical acclaim, and was a commercial success.[11][22] The Japanese magazine Gamest handed the game several awards, including the 2nd "Best Graphic", 3rd "Best Shooting", and 7th "Grand Prize" awards. Readers also voted it as being the fourth best arcade game of the year.[21] Gamest commended Taito for not focusing on gimmicks like the panoramic screen, but instead on the gameplay by making it fresh and interesting. Staff praised the mechanics, soundtrack, graphical style, and overall presentation.[21]

Home releases of Darius Gaiden, specifically the Sega Saturn version, also received positive reviews. The Saturn version sold over 70,000 copies, and is one of Taito's best-selling console games of all time.[23] Famitsu awarded it the "Gold Hall of Fame" award, the magazine's highest award for a game.[15] Publications specifically focused on the gameplay and graphical style. The four reviewers for Electronic Gaming Monthly were impressed by the visuals for their 3D effect and detail,[14] as were Famitsu staff and GamePro's Air Hendrix.[15][17] Staff at GameFan compared its quality to SNK's Pulstar.[7] Rad Automatic of Sega Saturn Magazine praised Gaiden for its graphics and action-packed gameplay, specifically the level of challenge and usage of branching level paths.[20]

Critics felt indifferent about the soundtrack, some of whom liked its strangeness while others found it to be unfitting. The music was Automatic's sole complaint with the game, describing it as being "some fat bint warbling away like an Old Spice advert."[20] Famitsu disagreed, claiming that the music gave the game some charm.[15] GameFan stated that Zuntata's compositions were surprisingly good and fit its atmosphere.[7] Critics were also mixed towards the difficulty. Electronic Gaming Monthly stated that it was their only gripe towards Gaiden, feeling it was too high and made the game unnecessarily difficult to play.[14] Automatic thought otherwise, saying that the difficulty was just right.[20] GameFan staff argued that the Sega Saturn version was better than its arcade counterpart for its lack of slowdown and impressive graphical effects.[7] Famitsu was less enthusiastic about the PlayStation conversion due to its slowdown problems, jerky scrolling, and unimpressive opening cutscenes.[16] PC Gamer's Daniel Erickson, who reviewed the Windows version argued that the game wasn't as impressive as it used to be, but that the gameplay and responsive controls made it a worthy pickup for fans of the genre.[19]

Retrospective feedback[edit]

Darius Gaiden has been listed as being among the greatest side-scrolling shooters of all time.[7][21][24] In 2014, Eurogamer's Rupert Higham stated that Gaiden is "one of the most confident and accomplished sprite-based games ever imagined." He said that the game represented Taito's talent at designing unique stages that were fun to traverse through, and commented on the game's colorful, detailed visuals. Higham believes that Gaiden helped take the Darius franchise into a different direction, away from its focus on gimmicks such as the three-screen design and towards innovation and presentation. Higham also believes that Zuntata's soundtrack was one of the game's best and most memorable features.[24] In 2016, Kurt Kalata of Hardcore Gaming 101 said that the game allowed the series to "grew its figurative beard" and become one of the most-respected shooter franchises. He praised the game for its visuals and level design; he especially praised the game's presentation for being one of the best for a shooter, and the "hauntingly beautiful" soundtrack for its strangeness, saying that it "[makes] for a game that is not only a great shoot-em-up, but also one of the finest audiovisual experiences in any 2D arcade game."[11]


  1. ^ Japanese: ダライアス外伝 Hepburn: Daraiasu Gaiden


  1. ^ a b c d e Darius Gaiden Instruction Manual (Sega Saturn) (PDF) (in Japanese). Taito. 15 December 1995. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  2. ^ E. Storm (February 1996). "Gen-32 Japan Soft - Darius Gaiden" (Volume 4, Issue 2). DieHard Gamers Club. GameFan. pp. 64–65. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d ダライアス外伝 ゲーメストムック Vol 6 ["Darius Gaiden - Gamest Mook Vol 6"] (in Japanese). Gamest. 20 March 1995. pp. 126–129. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Taito's F3 Arcade System" (Volume 2, Issue 12). DieHard Gamers Club. GameFan. November 1994. p. 203. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  5. ^ Taito Cybercore System promotional flyer. United States of America: Taito. 1994. Archived from the original on 25 March 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Zuntata – 2009 Darius Odyssey Book Interview". Shmuplations. Archived from the original on 30 December 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e f E. Storm; Nick Rox; K. Lee (February 1996). "Viewpoint - Darius Gaiden" (Volume 4 Issue 2). DieHard Gamers Club. GameFan. p. 18. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  8. ^ a b c Kemps, Heidi (28 July 2015). "Interview: Hisayoshi Ogura of Ogura Hisayoshi Ongaseisakushow and Taito/ZUNTATA". Gaming.moe. Archived from the original on 23 October 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  9. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). アーケードTVゲームリスト国内•海外編(1971-2005) (in Japanese) (First ed.). Japan: Amusement News Agency. ISBN 978-4990251215. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Taito arcade sales flyer" (PDF) (in Japanese) (480). Amusement Press. Game Machine. 15 September 1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d Kalata, Kurt (1 February 2016). "Darius Gaiden". Hardcore Gaming 101. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  12. ^ Miller, Greg (4 June 2007). "Taito Legends 2 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  13. ^ Wong, Alistar (2 July 2018). "Darius Series Headed To Nintendo Switch As Darius Cozmic Collection". Siliconera. Curse, Inc. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  14. ^ a b c "Review Crew: Darius Gaiden". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 80. Sendai Publishing. March 1996. p. 29.
  15. ^ a b c d e "ダライアス外伝 (SS)". Famitsu (in Japanese). Kadokawa Corporation. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  16. ^ a b "ダライアス外伝 (PS)". Famitsu (in Japanese). Kadokawa Corporation. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  17. ^ a b Hendrix, Air (April 1996). "ProReview - Darius Gaiden (Sega Saturn)" (91). International Data Group. GamePro. p. 80. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Every Sega Saturn Game Played, Reviewed, and Rated". Next Generation. No. 25. Imagine Media. January 1997. p. 63.
  19. ^ a b Erickson, Daniel (2001). "Reviews: Darius Gaiden". PC Gamer. Future plc. Archived from the original on 18 October 2006. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d Automatic, Rad (March 1996). "Review: Darius". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 5. Emap International Limited. pp. 72–73.
  21. ^ a b c d GAMEST MOOK Vol.112 ザ・ベストゲーム2 アーケードビデオゲーム26年の歴史 (in Japanese) (Volume 5, Number 4 ed.). Gamest. 17 January 1998. p. 10-11. ISBN 9784881994290.
  22. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - TVゲーム機ーソフトウェア (Video Game Software)" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 483. Amusement Press. 1 November 1994. p. 25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Game Search (based on Famitsu data)". Game Data Library. 1 March 2020. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  24. ^ a b Higham, Rupert (30 March 2014). "Darius retrospective". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2020.