Dariush Homayoon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dariush Homayoun
Dariush Homayoon.jpg
Minister of Information and Tourism
In office
7 August 1977 – 16 September 1978
Prime MinisterJamshid Amouzegar
Succeeded byMohammad Reza Tehrani
Personal details
Born(1928-09-27)27 September 1928
Tehran, Iran
Died28 January 2011(2011-01-28) (aged 82)
Geneva, Switzerland
Political party
Spouse(s)Homa Zahedi

Daryoush Homayoun (Persian: داریوش همایون;

27 September 1928 – 28 January 2011) was an Iranian journalist, author, intellectual, and politician. He was the Minister of Information and Tourism in the cabinet of Jamshid Amouzegar, founder of the daily newspaper Ayandegan, and one-time high-ranking member of the Rastakhiz party. In exile he became one of the founders of the Constitutionalist Party of Iran. He was famous for his analytical writings and largely impartial assessment of history. His outspoken manner, criticizing the Islamic Republic with harsh tones, but also directing his criticism at the Pahlavi policies, earned him respect of many, while at the same time creating many enemies. He was one of the most influential Iranian opposition leaders in exile.

Youth[edit]

Homayoun was born in Tehran on 27 September 1928 and began his involvement in the political sphere at the age of fourteen. In his younger years he was member of several Iranian parties, generally with nationalist views opposing the rise of leftist ideas and the influence of the Tudeh party, such as SUMKA. He began as a supporter of Mohammad Mossadegh but was imprisoned during Mossadegh's premiership.

Journalistic and political career[edit]

In the years following 1953, Homayoun finished his university studies, obtaining a doctorate in political science from the University of Tehran. He worked at the Iranian daily Ettelaat and later founded the highly successful daily newspaper Ayandegan. In the cabinet of Jamshid Amouzegar, he became the minister of information and tourism. Following the events leading up to the Iranian Revolution, he was arrested in the autumn of 1978, together with many other former officials whom the monarchy tried to use as scapegoats in order to prevent its own eventual downfall. He escaped prison on February 12, 1979, just after the revolution, and went into hiding. Fifteen months later, he left Iran through the border with Turkey and went to Paris.

Exile[edit]

In exile, Homayoun, was an influential political analyst, writer, and opposition leader. In the nineties he initiated and helped create the Constitutionalist Party of Iran, a political party seeking to establish a liberal democratic Iran.

Death[edit]

Daryoush Homayoun died on 28 January 2011 in Geneva, Switzerland at the age of 82.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Reza Ameli Tehrani
Minister of Information and Tourism
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Gholam Reza Kiyanpour
Party political offices
Preceded by
None
Leader of Constitutionalist Party
1994–2004
Succeeded by
Foad Pashaie
Preceded by
Mohammad Reza Ameli Tehrani
Deputy Secretary-General of the Resurgence Party
1977–1978
Succeeded by
Javad Saeed