Dark-shouldered snake eel

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Dark-shouldered snake eel
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Ophichthidae
Genus: Ophichthus
Species: O. cephalozona
Binomial name
Ophichthus cephalozona
Bleeker, 1864
  • Ophichthys cephalozona Bleeker, 1864

The Dark-shouldered snake eel (Ophichthus cephalozona, also known commonly as the Headsaddle snake eel, the Black-neck snake eel, the Blacksaddle snake eel, or the One-banded snake-eel[2]) is an eel in the family Ophichthidae (worm/snake eels).[3] It was described by Pieter Bleeker in 1864.[4] It is a tropical, marine eel which is known from the Pacific Ocean, including the East Indies, the Society Islands, the Mariana Islands, Queensland, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Japan, and India. It dwells at a depth range of 2–15 metres, and inhabits reefs. It forms burrows in mud and sand, and forages during the night. Males can reach a maximum total length of 115 centimetres.[3]

The Dark-shouldered snake eel is of no commercial interest to fisheries, but is sometimes caught in nets in the Ryukyu Islands.[3]


  1. ^ Synonyms of Ophichthus cephalozona at www.fishbase.org.
  2. ^ Common names for Ophichthus cephalozona at www.fishbase.org.
  3. ^ a b c Ophichthus cephalozona at www.fishbase.org.
  4. ^ Bleeker, P., 1864-65 [ref. 4860] Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises, publié sous les auspices du Gouvernement colonial néêrlandaises. Tome IV. Murènes, Synbranches, Leptocéphales. v. 4: 1-150, Pls. 145-193.