The Dark Hedges is an avenue of beech trees along Bregagh Road between Armoy and Stranocum in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. The trees form an atmospheric tunnel that has been used as a location in HBO's popular television series Game of Thrones, which has resulted in the avenue becoming a tourist attraction.
In about 1775 James Stuart built a new house, named Gracehill House after his wife Grace Lynd. Over 150 beech trees were planted along the entrance road to the estate, to create an imposing approach.
According to legend, the hedges are visited by a ghost called the Grey Lady, who travels the road and flits across it from tree to tree. She is claimed to be either the spirit of James Stuart's daughter (named "Cross Peggy") or one of the house's maids who died mysteriously, or a spirit from an abandoned graveyard beneath the fields, who on Halloween is joined on her visitation by other spirits from the graveyard.
Status and conservation
A tree preservation order was placed on the trees in 2004, to enable preservation and maintenance, and in 2009 the Dark Hedges Preservation Trust was set up. Of the 150 trees originally planted by the Stuart family, about 90 remained by 2016. A survey in 2014 revealed that the trees are in various states of health and are at risk in bad weather. Two trees were destroyed, and one damaged, by Storm Gertrude in January 2016. Another tree came down in Storm Doris in February 2017. As visitor numbers have increased, concern has been expressed over vehicular traffic damaging the trees' roots, as well as problems of graffiti and the daubing of sectarian slogans on the trees. The Woodland Trust has stated that high traffic levels might cause the trees, which are surface rooting, to last less than twenty years. In 2017 the Department of Infrastructure announced plans to close the road to traffic, due to visitor numbers causing possible damage and degradation to the site. A ban on traffic using the road (between its junctions with Ballinlea Road and Ballykenver Road) came into place on 30 October 2017. Specified exemptions to the ban include emergency and agricultural vehicles in particular circumstances.
- "Will Transformers movie lure more tourists to Dark Hedges? Fears grow over impact of visitors". Belfast Telegraph. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Help preserve the Dark Hedges for future generations..." Causeway Coast & Glens Heritage Trust. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Insight Guides (1 December 2016). Insight Guides: Ireland (10 ed.). Apa Publications (UK). p. 140. ISBN 9781786716767.
- "Ireland's Dark Hedges Is The Most Mystifyingly Cool Road Ever". Huffington Post. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- Time Out Guides Ltd (16 August 2011). Time Out Ireland. Time Out Guides Ltd. p. 288. ISBN 9781846702402.
- Croft, Malcolm (1 September 2015). The Lonely Planet Kids Travel Book: Mind-Blowing Stuff on Every Country in the World. Footscray, Victoria, Australia Oakland, CA London, UK: Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd. p. 45. ISBN 9781743609620.
- "The Dark Hedges". Discover Northern Ireland. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- McDowell, Iain (29 January 2016). "Game Of Thrones: Storm Gertrude rips up Dark Hedges trees". BBC. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- Garrido, Duarte (23 February 2017). "Game of Thrones' Dark Hedges tree destroyed by Storm Doris". Sky UK. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- "Iconic Game of Thrones tree tunnel Dark Hedges damaged by Storm Doris". ITV. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "Concerns at further damage to Game of Thrones' Dark Hedges location after Easter gridlock". The Irish News. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Stewart, Linda (20 April 2017). "Traffic 'will destroy Dark Hedges in 20 years'". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- McClatchey, Caroline (19 April 2017). "Dark Hedges suffer Easter crowds, cars and coaches". BBC News. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Game of Thrones: Traffic banned from Dark Hedges road". BBC. 10 October 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Game of Thrones: Traffic ban on Dark Hedges road begins". BBC. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Barker, Hugh (April 10, 2012). Hedge Britannia: A Curious History of a British Obsession. London, U.K.: Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 9781408801864.