Dark Web

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Web based Hidden Services January 2015[1]
Category Percentage
Gambling
0.4
Guns
1.4
Chat
2.2
New
(Not yet found by search engines)
2.2
Abuse
2.2
Books
2.5
Directory
2.5
Blog
2.75
Porn
2.75
Hosting
3.5
Hacking
4.25
Search
4.25
Anonymity
4.5
Forum
4.75
Counterfeit
5.2
Whistleblower
5.2
Wiki
5.2
Mail
5.7
Bitcoin
6.2
Fraud
9
Market
9
Drugs
15.4

The Dark Web often confusingly referred to as the Deep Web[2] is the public[3] World Wide Web content that exists on darknets, networks which overlay the public Internet and require specific software, configurations or authorization to access and are often used for illegal or criminal activity. It forms part of the Deep Web, the part of the Web not indexed by search engines.[4][5][6][7] The darknets which constitute the Dark Web include small, friend-to-friend peer-to-peer networks, as well as large, popular networks like Freenet, I2P, and Tor, operated by public organizations and individuals. Users of the Dark Web refer to the regular web as the Clearnet due to its unencrypted nature.[8]

Content[edit]

A December 2014 study by Gareth Owen from the University of Portsmouth found that the most commonly requested type of content on Tor was child pornography, followed by black markets, while the individual sites with the highest traffic were dedicated to botnet operations.[9] Many whistleblowing sites maintain a presence[10] as well as political discussion forums.[11] Cloned websites and other scam sites are numerous.[12] Many hackers sell their services individually or as a part of groups.[13] There are reports of crowdfunded assassinations and hitmen for hire.[14] Sites associated with Bitcoin, fraud related services and mail order services are some of the most prolific.[9]

Commercial darknet markets, which mediate transactions for illegal drugs and other goods, attracted significant media coverage starting with the popularity of Silk Road and its subsequent seizure by legal authorities.[15] Other markets sell software exploits[16] and weapons.[14]

Commentary[edit]

Although much of the dark web is innocuous, some prosecutors and government agencies, among others, are concerned that it is a haven for criminal activity.[17] In 2014, journalist Jamie Bartlett in his book The Dark Net would use the dark net and dark web to describe a range of underground and emergent sub cultures, including social media racists, cam girls, self harm communities, darknet drug markets, cryptoanarchists and transhumanists.[18]

Specialist news sites such as DeepDotWeb[19][20] and All Things Vice[21] provide news coverage and practical information about dark web sites and services. The Hidden Wiki and its mirrors and forks hold some of the largest directories of content at any given time.

Popular sources of dark web .onion links include Pastebin, YouTube, Twitter, Reddit and other Internet forums.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Owen, Gareth. "Dr Gareth Owen: Tor: Hidden Services and Deanonymisation". Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Solomon, Jane (6 May 2015). "The Deep Web vs. The Dark Web". Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Egan, Matt (12 January 2015). "What is the Dark Web? How to access the Dark Web - How to turn out the lights and access the Dark Web (and why you might want to)". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Greenberg, Andy (19 November 2014). "Hacker Lexicon: What Is the Dark Web?". Retrieved 6 June 2015. "Clearing Up Confusion – Deep Web vs. Dark Web". BrightPlanet. 
  5. ^ NPR Staff (25 May 2014). "Going Dark: The Internet Behind The Internet". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  6. ^ The Dark Web Revealed. Popular Science. April 2015. pages 20-21
  7. ^ Greenberg, Andy (19 November 2014). "Hacker Lexicon: What Is the Dark Web?". Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Clearnet vs hidden services – why you should be careful". DeepDotWeb. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Mark, Ward (30 December 2014). "Tor's most visited hidden sites host child abuse images". Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Everything You Need to Know on Tor & the Deep Web". whoishostingthis. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Cox, Joseph (25 February 2015). "What Firewall? China’s Fledgling Deep Web Community". Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Fox-Brewster, Thomas (18 November 2014). "Many Sites That Fell In Epic Onymous Tor Takedown 'Were Scams Or Legit'". Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Holden, Alex (15 January 2015). "A new breed of lone wolf hackers are roaming the deep web - and their prey is getting bigger". Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Holden, Alex (10 February 2015). "Ukraine crisis: Combatants scouring dark web for advice on bridge bombing and anti-tank missiles". Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  15. ^ Burleigh, Nina (19 February 2015). "The Rise and Fall of Silk Road, the Dark Web's Amazon". Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  16. ^ Greenberg, Andy (17 April 2015). "New Dark-Web Market Is Selling Zero-Day Exploits to Hackers". Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  17. ^ Lev Grossman. "The Secret Web: Where Drugs, Porn and Murder Live Online". TIME.com. 
  18. ^ Ian, Burrell (28 August 2014). "The Dark Net:Inside the Digital Underworld by Jamie Bartlett, book review". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  19. ^ Swearingen, Jake (2 October 2014). "A Year After Death of Silk Road, Darknet Markets Are Booming". Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  20. ^ Franceschi-Bicchierai, Lorenzo (13 May 2015). "Hackers Tried To Hold a Darknet Market For a Bitcoin Ransom". Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  21. ^ Solon, Olivia (3 February 2013). "Police crack down on Silk Road following first drug dealer conviction". Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  22. ^ Koebler, Jason (23 February 2015). "The Closest Thing to a Map of the Dark Net: Pastebin". Retrieved 14 July 2015. 

Further reading[edit]