Darlie

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Darlie
Darlie toothpaste over the year.jpg
Darlie toothpaste package over the years
Product type Oral hygiene
Owner Hawley & Hazel
Country MainlandChina, Hong Kong, & Taiwan
Introduced December 7 1933; 84 years ago (December 7 1933)
Markets Asia
Website www.darlie.com

Darlie (Chinese: 黑人; pinyin: hēirén; literally: "black person"), formerly known as Darkie, is a toothpaste brand of Hawley & Hazel Chemical Company (Official Slogan: 'Powering Your Smile.'). Established in Shanghai in 1933 and later based in Hong Kong and Taiwan, Hawley & Hazel was acquired in 1985 by the United States corporation Colgate-Palmolive, although the product is not marketed by Colgate-Palmolive.[1]

Naming[edit]

Darky, or darkie, is a derogatory term used primarily in the United Kingdom, United States, and Canada, referring to black people. The packaging featured an image of a wide-eyed, smiling dark-skinned black male wearing a top hat, monocle and bow-tie, an image associated with minstrel shows.

Al Jolson, the comedian that inspired the logo design

Hawley and Hazel marketed Darkie as a parody of an American minstrel performer Al Jolson, who became popular for his blackface performances. The whiteness of his teeth also inspired the marking and logo. In 1985 after Colgate-Palmolive acquired Hawley & Hazel, they received significant controversy over the brand, to which Colgate CEO Ruben Mark responded by issuing an apology, replacing the English name of the toothpaste to "Darlie", and the image on the packaging was altered to show a racially ambiguous face in a top hat to avoid racial misunderstanding.[2] However, the Chinese name of the brand, "黑人牙膏" (in English, "Black Person Toothpaste"), remains the same, and a Chinese-language advertising campaign reassured customers that "Black Person Toothpaste is still Black Person Toothpaste".[3]

After the Colgate acquisition the toothpaste continued to be sold in some Asian countries, including Taiwan, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam and Thailand where its brand and logo are not considered offensive. Colgate announced the product would not be sold outside of Asia.[4]

Darkie toothpaste packaging from Thailand in 1988

The brand received an increase of both popularity and notoriety in 2004,[citation needed] after the toothpaste, along with other allegedly racist brands, were featured in the mockumentary CSA: Confederate States of America. It was depicted as a fictional brand that is popular in the alternate history of the film; the final credits reveal that it, along with most of the other brands, is a genuine product.[5]

Product and market share[edit]

The original flavor was mint. Other flavors are available for children.[6]

As of 1989, the toothpaste held a 75% market share in Taiwan, 50% in Singapore, 30% in Malaysia and Hong Kong and 20% in Thailand.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stone Fish, Isaac (2010-11-30). "Back to the Days of Blackface". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 2010-12-02.
  2. ^ "Darkie drops offensive name and logo". Straits Times. 1989-01-29. p. 6. Archived from the original (JPEG) on 2015-12-04.
  3. ^ hkcfphobia (2007-08-01). "【HKTVC】Darlie 黑人牙膏 1990/20sec". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-10-29.
  4. ^ "'Darkie' toothpaste puts company in a squeeze". Baltimore Afro-American. 1986-03-01. Retrieved 2015-12-04 – via Google.
  5. ^ McCarthy, Todd (2004-03-09). "Review: 'C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America'". Variety. Retrieved 2013-10-29.
  6. ^ http://www.darlie.com.hk/en/toothpaste/darlie-junior
  7. ^ Whiting, Kenneth L. (1989-04-17). "Darkie Toothpaste Changes Name". Singapore. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-10-29.

External links[edit]