Darleane C. Hoffman

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Darleane C. Hoffman
Darleane C. Hoffman 2012 CHF Oral History 2 crop.png
Born (1926-11-08) November 8, 1926 (age 91)
Terril, Iowa
Residence U.S.
Nationality United States
Alma mater Iowa State University
Scientific career
Fields Nuclear chemistry
Institutions University of California, Berkeley

Darleane C. Hoffman (born November 8, 1926) is an American nuclear chemist who was among the researchers who confirmed the existence of Seaborgium, element 106. She is a faculty senior scientist in the Nuclear Science Division of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and a professor in the graduate school at UC Berkeley.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Darleane Christian was born at home in the small town of Terril, Iowa, daughter of Carl B. and Elverna Clute Christian.[2] Her father was a mathematics teacher and superintendent of schools; her mother wrote and directed plays. When Darleane Christian was a freshman in college at Iowa State University, she took a required chemistry course taught by Nellie May Naylor,[3] and decided to pursue further study in that field.[4] She received her B. S. (1948) and Ph. D. (1951) degrees in chemistry (nuclear) from Iowa State University.

Career[edit]

Darleane C. Hoffman was a chemist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for a year and then joined her husband at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory where she began as a staff member in 1953. She became Division Leader of the Chemistry and Nuclear Chemistry Division (Isotope and Nuclear Chemistry Division) in 1979. She left Los Alamos in 1984 to accept appointments as tenured professor in the Department of Chemistry at UC Berkeley and Leader of the Heavy Element Nuclear & Radiochemistry Group at LBNL. Additionally, she helped found the Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science at LLNL in 1991 and became its first Director, serving until 1996 when she "retired" to become Senior Advisor and Charter Director.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Right after finishing her doctoral work, Darleane Christian married Marvin M. Hoffman, a physicist.[4] The Hoffmans had two children, Maureane and Daryl, both born at Los Alamos.[6]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Darleane Hoffman, Harold Johnston to Receive National Medal of Science". www.lbl.gov.
  2. ^ ""Elverna E. Christian," Plaza of Heroines, Iowa State University". iastate.edu.
  3. ^ "Nellie May Naylor". History of Iowa State: People of Distinction. Iowa State University. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Darleane Hoffman: Adventures in the nature of matter". Catalyst Magazine. College of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley. 6 (2). 1 February 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Keynote speaker: D. Hoffman, Ph.D." LLNL 2020: Women Forging the Future of Science and Technology. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Archived from the original on 4 August 2004. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  6. ^ Darleane (Christian) Hoffman bio page, Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University
  7. ^ "Gruppe 8: Teknologiske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 7 October 2010.

External links[edit]