St. Helen's Church, Darley Dale
|Population||5,413 (Including Hackney. 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Darley Dale, also known simply as Darley, is a town and civil parish in the Derbyshire Dales district of Derbyshire, England, with a population of around 6,000. It lies north of Matlock, on the River Derwent and the A6 road. The town forms part of the urban area of Matlock and acts as a commuter town for workers there.
This article contains information on the area covered by the current civil parish of Darley Dale. The main built-up area of the parish extends for 2 miles along the A6 road north-west of Matlock, starting near the ARC Leisure Centre and ending near Stancliffe Quarry. It is bounded on the south-west by the River Derwent and extends over the hills and moors to the north-east as far as Darwin Forest Country Park.
The parish includes the settlements at Darley Dale, Darley Hillside, Churchtown, Two Dales, Upper Hackney and Farley, but excludes Darley Bridge and Northwood. Darley Dale is sometimes confused with Darley Abbey (a mile north of Derby and with Dale Abbey (6 miles north-east of Derby).
- Earlier versions of this article claimed that a Benedictine abbey was built in Darley Dale under the reign of Henry I in the 12th century - this is not supported by the evidence now available.
- St Helen's Church dates from the 12th century.
- Darley Bridge survives from the late medieval period, having being built in the 15th century.
- The Wirksworth Moor to Longstone turnpike opened in 1759.
- The Chesterfield to Matlock, Darley and Rowsley Bridge turnpike opened in 1760.
- In 1849 a railway line opened for passenger traffic between Ambergate and Rowsley, with intermediate stations at Matlock Bath, Matlock Bridge and Darley (Dale).
- In 1873 a new railway station opened at Darley on opposite side of level crossing.
- In 1877 Rowsley railway sidings brought into use.
- St Helen's Church was restored in 1877.
- Whitworth Hospital opened in 1889.
- Whitworth Institute was erected in 1890.
- In 1890 Darley railway station renamed Darley Dale.
- The town grew in the 19th and 20th centuries around the lead mining, metal forging, railway and quarrying industries.
Places of worship
Situated in the Churchtown part of Darley Dale, this Grade II* listed parish church dates from the 12th century. The church was restored in 1877. The church tower was restored and strengthened in 1902-03. Outside the church, in the south wall of the chancel, the four periods of architecture, Norman, Early English, Decorated and Perpendicular, can be seen. Inside the church, there are monuments to Sir John de Darley who was lord of the manor in 14th century. There is also a memorial window to the famous engineer, Sir Joseph Whitworth, who lived in the parish and is buried in the churchyard. The yew tree, which is situated just outside the south porch, is claimed to be 2,000 years old and is one of the thickest in England with a girth of around 33 feet, 4 feet from the ground. It is claimed that this yew tree marked a sacred site in pre-Christian times.
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel
Situated on Chesterfield Road in Two Dales, this was built in 1827. Formally known as Hudson's Chapel, now called The Old Chapel. Superseded by the Dale Road Methodist Church in 1906. After use as a Sunday school, it was converted into a bakery. Before conversion to a residential dwelling, the property was used by a local builder as storage unit.
Hackney Primitive Methodist Chapel
Situated on Greenaway Lane, this was built in 1848. Superseded by the nearby Hackney Methodist Church in 1908. After a period in use as a Sunday school, it is no longer used as a place of worship.
Dale Road Methodist Church
Situated on Dale Road, close to the Whitworth Institute, this was built in 1904. It superseded the Wesleyan Chapel in Two Dales.
Hackney Methodist Church
This was built in 1908 to replace a smaller Primitive Methodist chapel nearby on Greenaway Lane.
Darley Hillside Methodist Church
THe church was built on Moor Lane in 1912 to replace an earlier building on Lumb Lane. It was part of the same circuit as Dale Road Methodist Church, but is now closed and converted into a community centre building.
Sir Joseph Whitworth, the 19th-century machine toolmaker and engineer, lived at Stancliffe Hall in Darley Dale for the last 13 years of his life. He died at Monte Carlo in 1887, aged 83, and was buried at St. Helen's Church. During his lifetime he drew up plans for the village and these were fulfilled thanks to generous endowments from his estate. He had, according to his biographer Terence Kilburn, hoped to build a comprehensive village college but his wife, Louisa, preferred a social centre. The Institute and Park was a compromise and is just one of the things the Whitworths did to enrich the lives of Darley Dale's inhabitants.
Lady Louisa Whitworth built Whitworth Cottage Hospital, the first of two major building projects in Darley Dale, following the death of her husband and it was opened in 1889. It is still in use as an NHS hospital in 2015, providing a minor injuries unit, two urgent care wards and some community health services.
The opening to the public of the Whitworth Institute in September 1890 marked the beginning of Lady Louisa's second major project in Darley Dale. The institute comprised an indoor swimming pool, an assembly hall, various reading and committee rooms and eventually a library, a billiard room, a museum of natural history, a convenient hotel (Whitworth Hotel, now "Barrington's") and a landscaped park. The Whitworth Institute was given to the people of Darley Dale and in 2009/10 underwent a £1.7M renovation to ensure its continued use for future generations.
The park provides a variety of sporting activities with soccer and cricket pitches, a bowling green and a skateboard arena. Whitworth Park also provides over ten acres of landscaped grounds with pathways along tree-lined avenues. There is also a shallow lake. The centrepiece of the park is an obelisk commemorating Sir Joseph Whitworth. In 2003 the park was the subject of a £750,000 refurbishment.
Notable people associated with Darley Dale include:
- Nigel Bond, snooker player, was born there
- Tom Chambers, actor, was born there in 1977
- Mike Hendrick, English cricketer, was born there in 1948
- Christopher Green, comedy writer and performer, grew up there
- Joseph Paxton, architect and gardener for the nearby Chatsworth House
- Crichton Porteous, author
- Joseph Whitworth, engineer - see the Whitworth legacy section above
- Sir Godfrey de Foljambe, politician and judge, was the local landowner in the 1360s and 1370s.
Notable buildings and attractions
The town was the winner of the 2003 Britain in Bloom, in the category of 'Large Village' The prize was presented by local marine expert Ben Goodwin.
At the bottom of Station Road lies Darley Dale railway station. National rail services ceased in the 1960s however the station is now occupied by the railway and heritage preservation group Peak Rail. From there, a heritage steam service operates south to Matlock and north to Rowsley South, with a route distance of approximately five miles.
An annual transport festival, the Darley Dale Festival of Transport, is held at the bottom of Station Road every September.
Nearby is the holiday resort Darwin Forest Country Park.
In nearby Two Dales, Ladygrove Mill was built for spinning cotton by Abraham Flint, but converted to flax spinning in 1789 by Daniel Dakeyne of Knabb House. It was expanded by his sons, Edward and James, who built a series of three dams on the Sydnope Valley rising to 96 feet. To cope with the water pressure, they invented a revolutionary water-pressure powered "disc engine", which they patented in 1830 as the Dakeyne hydraulic disc engine. It was the progenitor of a type, now known as a "nutating disc engine" (which has been the subject of entrepreneurial interest in the 21st century). The mills and equipment have virtually disappeared but the remains of the dams can still be seen.
The Plough Inn public house in Two Dales was the reason behind former England international footballer Eddie Shimwell's transfer from Sheffield United to Blackpool in December 1946. Shimwell wanted to buy the pub, but Sheffield United would not allow it, due to their ban on players becoming publicans, so the full-back put in a transfer request.
- "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- Explorer OL24 Peak District (White Peak) (Map) (A4 (2002) ed.). Ordnance Survey.
- The information about an abbey at "Darley (St Helen)" was found in the 1831 edition of the Lewis Topographical Dictionary of England <http://places.wishful-thinking.org.uk/DBY/DarleyDale/index.html>. This information had been removed by the time of the 1848 edition of the same dictionary <http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/england/pp8-15#h3-0004>. In addition, the List of monastic houses in Derbyshire contains no reference to an abbey here. The most likely explanation is confusion between Darley Dale and either Darley Abbey or Dale Abbey.
- "St Helen's HER". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1248041. retrieved 19 January 2020.
- "Derbyshire Turnpikes". Turnpike Roads in England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Railway History". Rowsley Association. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Whitworth Hospital History". Andrews Pages. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Whitworth Institute History". Andrews Pages. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "St Helen's Interesting Features". Parish Church Website. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel HER". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Hackney Methodist Church HER". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Dale Road Methodist Church HER". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Hackney Methodist Church HER". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Darley Hillside Methodist Church". Church Website. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Detached house for sale". Rightmove. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
- "Whitworth Family". The Andrews Pages. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Services provided at Whitworth Hospital". NHS. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Whitworth Institute Refurbishment". Peak District Online. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Whitworth Park Facilities". About Derbyshire. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Whitworth Park Refurbishment". Peak District Online. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Tom Chambers' biography at IMDb Retrieved June 2007
- The bi-annual Arts Festival[permanent dead link]
- "Festivaloftransport.org". festivaloftransport.org. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
- "Gomez lead singer Ben Ottewell heads Ale House Rocks in Darley Dale". Matlock Mercury. Johnston Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "The Romping Lion" - The story of the Dakeyne Disc Engine by Phil Wigfull
- "Inventors". The Romping Lion, Peakland Heritage site. Archived from the original on 11 October 2006.
- Gillatt, Peter (30 November 2009). Blackpool FC on This Day: History, Facts and Figures from Every Day of the Year. Pitch Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-905411-50-2.
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