Darling Downs by-election, 1901

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A by-election was held for the Australian House of Representatives electorate of Darling Downs in Queensland on 14 September 1901, a Saturday. It was triggered by the death of William Henry Groom on 8 August 1901. It was the first by-election of the Australian parliament since Federation. The writ for the by-election was issued on 13 August, nominations for candidates closed on 27 August.


Darling Downs by-election, 1901[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Protectionist Littleton Groom 4,532 62.78 −15.72
Independent Joshua Thomas Bell 2,687 37.22 +37.22
Total formal votes 7,219 99.38 +3.00
Informal votes 45 0.62 −3.00
Turnout 7,264 N/A N/A
Protectionist hold Swing −15.72


Littleton Groom was elected in the by-election, receiving nearly 63 per cent of the vote. Groom was the third son of the deceased former member, William Groom. The other candidate in the by-election was Joshua Thomas Bell, a member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland for the electoral district of Dalby.


  1. ^ Commonwealth By-elections 1901–82. Canberra: Australian Electoral Commission. 1983. 

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