Darling Mills Creek

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Darling Mills
Darling Mills weir, Windsor Road, Northmead.jpg
Weir at the Darling Mills site, Windsor Road
Location
CountryAustralia
StateNew South Wales
RegionSydney basin (IBRA), Greater Western Sydney
Local government areasThe Hills, Parramatta
Physical characteristics
SourceThompsons Corner
 ⁃ locationWest Pennant Hills
Mouthconfluence with Toongabbie Creek to form the Parramatta River
 ⁃ location
North Parramatta
Length10 km (6.2 mi)
Basin size107 km2 (41 sq mi)
Basin features
River systemParramatta River catchment
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftBellbird Creek, Bidjigal Creek, Blue Gum Creek, Hunts Creek
 ⁃ rightExcelsior Creek, Sawmill Creek, Bellamy Farm Creek
Nature reservesBidjigal; Munro; Eric Mobbs Recreation

The Darling Mills Creek, an urban watercourse[1] that is part of the Parramatta River catchment, is located in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Course and features[edit]

Darling Mills Creek near Northmead High School

The Darling Mills Creek rises in the north-western suburbs of Sydney, west of Thompsons Corner, near the intersection of Castle Hill Road and Pennant Hills Road, within the suburb of West Pennant Hills. The headwaters lie on the watershed between the Hornsby Plateau and the Cumberland Plain. The creek flows generally west, then south, joined by its tributaries including the Bidjigal, Sawmill, Excelsior, Blue Gum, Bellbird, Bellamy Farm creeks and the dammed Hunts Creek downstream of Lake Parramatta, before reaching its confluence with the Toongabbie Creek to form the Parramatta River, in the suburb of North Parramatta, in land adjoining the northern boundary of the Cumberland Hospital.[2] The course of the creek is approximately 10 kilometres (6.2 mi); and the creek passes through the Cumberland State Forest, the Darling Mills State Forest, Bidjigal Reserve, Excelsior Park, and many smaller reserves and parks.[1]

The Darling Mills Creek is transversed by the Cumberland Highway, the M2 Hills Motorway,[3] and marks the boundary between Windsor Road and Church Street in North Parramatta.

History[edit]

Facade of Sydney Woollen Mills

The land adjacent to the Parramatta River and its tributaries, including the Darling Mills Creek, was occupied for many thousands of years by the Burramattagal, Toongagal, Wallumattagal, Wangal, and Wategora Aboriginal peoples. They used the river as an important source of food and a place for trade.[4][5]

The Darling Mills Creek takes its name from a watermill constructed a short distance from the confluence with Toongabbie Creek.

An earlier watermill was built by Samuel Marsden near the confluence. It milled flour from 1804 to 1818.

In 1825, the Darling Flour Mills were built for John Raine, upstream on the Windsor Road.

The Darling Mills site was taken over by Sydney Woollen Mills, which operated from 1870 to 1975. Sydney Woollen Mills originally used steam rather than water power. Part of the facade of the building remains on the site, which is now occupied by Bunnings Warehouse's North Parramatta store. There is a weir on the creek nearby that was constructed in the nineteenth century.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Darling Mills". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 December 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Darling Mills Creek Sub-Catchment". Education Resource Kit. Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust. 2002. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Darling Mills Creek Bridge walking track re-opened" (PDF) (Press release). Transurban and Government of New South Wales. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Parramatta River Walk" (PDF). Walking Volunteers. September 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  5. ^ "A brief history of our waterways". Parramatta City Council. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  6. ^ http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=5051959

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°44′56″S 151°02′49″E / 33.74889°S 151.04694°E / -33.74889; 151.04694