Darlington railway station

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Darlington National Rail
DarlingtonRailwayStation.jpg
Location
Place Darlington
Local authority Borough of Darlington
Coordinates 54°31′15″N 1°32′47″W / 54.5209°N 1.5464°W / 54.5209; -1.5464Coordinates: 54°31′15″N 1°32′47″W / 54.5209°N 1.5464°W / 54.5209; -1.5464
Grid reference NZ294140
Operations
Station code DAR
Managed by Virgin Trains East Coast
Number of platforms 4
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Decrease 2.179 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.376 million
2013/14 Increase 2.208 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.430 million
2014/15 Increase 2.257 million
– Interchange  Decrease 0.396 million
2015/16 Decrease 2.244 million
– Interchange  Decrease 0.390 million
2016/17 Increase 2.270 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.403 million
Listed status
Listed feature Bank Top Railway Station (Main Building)
Listing grade Grade II* listed
Entry number 1310079[1]
Added to list 6 September 1977
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Darlington from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Darlington railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the town of Darlington, County Durham. It is 232 miles 50 chains (374.4 km) north of London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Northallerton to the south and Durham to the north. Its three-letter station code is DAR.

The station is well served as it is an important stop for main line services, with trains being operated by Virgin Trains East Coast, CrossCountry and TransPennine Express, and it is the interchange for Northern services to Middlesbrough. Darlington is the location of the first commercial steam railway: the Stockton and Darlington Railway. The station building is a Grade II* listed[1] Victorian structure and winner of the "Large Station of the Year" award in 2005.[2]

History[edit]

The first railway to pass through the area now occupied by the station was built by the Stockton and Darlington Railway, who opened their mineral branch from Albert Hill Junction on their main line to Croft-on-Tees on 27 October 1829. This branch line was subsequently purchased by the Great North of England Railway a decade later to incorporate into their new main line from York which reached the town on 30 March 1841. A separate company, the Newcastle & Darlington Junction Railway continued the new main line northwards towards Ferryhill and Newcastle, opening its route three years later on 19 June 1844.[3] This crossed the S&D at Parkgate Junction by means of a flat crossing which would in future years become something of an operational headache for the North Eastern Railway and LNER. The original Bank Top station where the two routes met was a modest affair, which was rebuilt in 1860 to accommodate the expanding levels of traffic on the main line. By the mid-1880s even this replacement structure was deemed inadequate and so the NER embarked on a major upgrade to facilities in the area. This included an ornate new station with an impressive three-span overall roof on the Bank Top site, new sidings and goods lines alongside it and a new connecting line from the south end of the station (Polam Junction) to meet the original S&D line towards Middlesbrough at Oak Tree Junction near Dinsdale. These improvements were completed on 1 July 1887, when the old route west of Oak Tree closed to passengers (although it remained in use for freight until 1967).

60129 Guy Mannering entering the station in 1961

The new station, with its broad island platform was designed by T.E. Harrison chief engineer, and William Bell, the architect of the North Eastern Railway.[4] and cost £81,000 (equivalent to £8,270,000 in 2016)[5] to construct[6] and soon became a busy interchange on the main East Coast route, thanks to its rail links to Richmond (opened in 1846), Barnard Castle and Penrith (1862/5) and the Tees Valley Line to Bishop Auckland (1842) and Saltburn (1861).

Down freight passing the station in 1961

The lines to Penrith (closed in 1962), Barnard Castle (1964)[7] and Richmond (1969) have now gone (along with the bays at the northern end of the station, now used for car parking), but the main line (electrified in 1991) and the Tees Valley route remain busy. It is also still possible to travel to Catterick Garrison and Richmond from here, by means of the Arriva North East-operated X26 and X27 buses (which have through National Rail ticketing arrangements). The same company also operated the Sky Express bus service to Durham Tees Valley Airport from the station, but this was withdrawn in January 2009 due to declining demand.[8]

In the 1980s a replica set of Darlington Railway Station was built for an episode of Noel's Saturday Roadshow for the BBC.

Station Masters[edit]

  • Thomas Waldie 1840 - 1866[9]
  • Robert Wood 1867 - 1873[10]
  • Richard Thompson 1874 - 1878
  • James Bell 1878 - 1900[11]
  • Thomas William Smith 1900 - 1902[12] (afterwards station master at Sunderland)
  • G.H. Stephenson 1902[13]
  • George W. T. Laidler 1902[14] - 1907
  • W.M. Seymour ???? - 1912
  • T. Pearce 1912 - 1920
  • Irving Richard Beeby MBE 1920 - 1931
  • Edwin Weavers 1932 - 1941[15] (formerly station master at Middlesbrough)
  • Thomas Allen 1942[16] - 1949 (formerly station master at Sunderland)
  • W. Lake 1950
  • W.H. Campbell 1950 - 1952 (afterwards station master at Newcastle)
  • W.J. Thomas 1952 - 1956
  • George Renton 1956[17]
  • N. Darby 1963 - ????
  • T. Hutchinson 1965
  • S.F. Potts 1965 - ????

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Facilities[edit]

As noted previous, the station is fully staffed; the ticket office is open throughout the week (06:00-20:00/21:00 weekdays, 06:30-19:45 Saturdays, 07:45-20:00 Sundays). There is a waiting room and a first class Lounge on the platform, with the lounge open between 06:00 and 20:00 each day (except Sundays, when it opens at 08:00). Self-service ticket machines are also provided for use outside the opening hours for the booking office and for collecting pre-paid tickets. Various retail outlets are located in the main buildings, including a coffee shop, grocers and newsagents. Vending machines, toilets, a photo booth, payphone and cash machines are also provided. Train running information is offered via digital CIS displays, announcements and timetable posters. Step-free access to all platforms is via ramps from the subway linking the platforms with the main entrance and car park.[23]

Services[edit]

Darlington is well served by trains on the East Coast Main Line, with regular trains southbound to London King's Cross via York and northbound to Newcastle and Edinburgh Waverley operated by Virgin Trains East Coast. Two trains per hour run south to London and north to Newcastle for much of the day with hourly services to Edinburgh Waverley. There are also several daily services to Aberdeen and also daily direct services to Stirling (two) and Inverness (one).[24] Due to the introduction of the new ECML timetable on 22 May 2011, Virgin Trains East Coast only now provide one daily direct service each way between London King's Cross and Glasgow Central which calls at Darlington. The northbound service to Glasgow departs Darlington at 18:09 and the southbound service from Glasgow arrives into Darlington at 10:00.

CrossCountry services between EdinburghNewcastle and Birmingham New Street and beyond to (Reading and Southampton Central and to Bristol Temple Meads, Exeter St Davids, Plymouth and Penzance) also call here twice each hour, along with an hourly TransPennine Express train between Newcastle and Liverpool Lime Street via York, Leeds and Manchester Victoria.[25] The Liverpool service was introduced at the May 2014 timetable change in place of the former route to/from Manchester Airport, though connections for there can still be made at York or Leeds (a few through services also operate in the early morning and evening). Certain CrossCountry trains extend beyond Edinburgh to Glasgow Central, Dundee or Aberdeen.

Northern run their Tees Valley line trains twice hourly to Middlesbrough, Redcar and Saltburn (hourly on Sundays), whilst the Bishop Auckland branch has a service every hour (two-hourly on Sundays).[26] The company also operates two Sundays-only direct trains to/from Stockton and Hartlepool.

Platforms[edit]

Platforms 1 and 2

Darlington railway station has five main platforms: Platform 1: This is the main southbound platform, with, in order of frequency, Virgin Trains East Coast services to York and London King's Cross, CrossCountry services to Reading and Southampton or Birmingham and Plymouth, via York and Leeds, TransPennine Express services to Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Airport or Liverpool Lime Street, via York and Leeds, and Northern services to Saltburn via Middlesbrough, from Bishop Auckland. Platforms 2 and 3: These platforms are south-facing bays used exclusively by Northern services terminating at Darlington from Saltburn and Middlesbrough. Platform 2 is used most frequently. Platform 4: This is the main northbound platform, with, in order of frequency, Virgin Trains East Coast services to Newcastle, Edinburgh and Glasgow, CrossCountry services to Newcastle, Edinburgh and Glasgow and TransPennine Express services to Newcastle and Northern services to Bishop Auckland. Platform 4a: This is a southern extension of platform four catering for trains waiting at Darlington such that they can be bypassed by trains stopping at platform 4. It is the only platform that is not under the station roof. It is used predominantly by Northern services for Bishop Auckland.

Future[edit]

As part of the Tees Valley Metro, two new platforms were to be built on the eastern edge of the main station. There were to be a total of 4 trains per hour, to Middlesbrough and Saltburn via the Tees Valley Line, and trains would not have to cross the East Coast Main Line when the new platforms would have been built. The Tees Valley Metro project was however cancelled.

Services on the Bishop Auckland branch are also to be improved to hourly throughout the day, as part of the new Northern franchise (awarded to Arriva Rail North in December 2015) from the December 2017 timetable change.[27]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Bank Top Railway Station (Main Building) (1310079)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "It's a hat-trick for award-winning GNER". Great North Eastern Railway. 2 September 2005. 
  3. ^ Body, p.56
  4. ^ "Darlington New Railway Station". Leeds Mercury. England. 1 July 1887. Retrieved 29 December 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved November 6, 2017. 
  6. ^ Body, p.60
  7. ^ Body, p.58
  8. ^ Tees Valley Airport - Airport Bus Service Comes to An End Tees Valley Airport Media Centre; Retrieved 30 January 2009
  9. ^ "Presentation". York Herald. England. 5 January 1867. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ "Death of Mr. Wood Stationmaster Darlington". Northern Echo. England. 7 June 1873. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  11. ^ "The Darlington Station Master". Northern Echo. England. 19 February 1900. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ "Mr. T.W. Smith". Yorkshire Evening Post. England. 5 February 1902. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ "Mr. G. Stephenson". Leeds Mercury. England. 22 February 1902. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  14. ^ "The New Stationmaster at Darlington". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. England. 19 April 1902. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  15. ^ "Darlington Loses Stationmaster". Newcastle Journal. England. 18 December 1941. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ "Wearside Echoes". Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette. England. 21 February 1942. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  17. ^ "For Darlington". Berwickshire News and General Advertiser. England. 6 March 1956. Retrieved 9 September 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  18. ^ Hoole (1982), pp16-17.
  19. ^ Hoole (1982), p27.
  20. ^ "Accident at Darlington on 11th December 1968" Railways Archive
  21. ^ Trains collide at rail platform; BBC News website Retrieved 9 October 2009
  22. ^ "Report 10/2010 Collision at Exeter St Davids station 4 January 2010" (PDF). Rail Accidents Investigation Branch. para. 70. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  23. ^ DArlington station facilities National Rail Enquiries; Retrieved 15 February 2017
  24. ^ GB National Rail Timetable December 2017 Edition, Table 26
  25. ^ GB NRT December 2017 - May 2018, Tables 39 & 51
  26. ^ Table 44 National Rail timetable, December 2017
  27. ^ Northern Franchise Improvements - DfT Retrieved 22 August 2016

References[edit]

  • Body, G. (1988), PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-072-1
  • Hoole, Ken (1982). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 3. Redruth: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-05-2. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
CrossCountry
TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
Northallerton   Virgin Trains East Coast
London-Newcastle/Edinburgh
  Durham
York   Virgin Trains East Coast
London-Newcastle/Edinburgh/Scotland express or
Leeds-Aberdeen
  Newcastle
Northern
Tees Valley Line
  Future services  
York   TBA
High Speed 3
  Newcastle
  Historical railways  
Croft Spa
Line open, station closed
  North Eastern Railway
York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway
  Aycliffe
Line open, station closed