Darnley

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Darnley
Flats on Glen Clunie Place (geograph 5844286).jpg
The Glen Clunie Place block is the main remnant from the original Darnley development
Darnley is located in Glasgow council area
Darnley
Darnley
Location within Glasgow
OS grid referenceNS534597
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG53 7
Dialling code0141
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55°48′32″N 4°20′26″W / 55.808943°N 4.340692°W / 55.808943; -4.340692Coordinates: 55°48′32″N 4°20′26″W / 55.808943°N 4.340692°W / 55.808943; -4.340692,

Darnley is an area in south-west Glasgow, Scotland, on the A727 just west of Arden (the areas are separated by the M77 motorway although a footbridge connects them). Other nearby neighbourhoods are Priesthill to the north, Southpark Village to the south, and South Nitshill and Parkhouse to the west; there is also a small industrial estate. The closest railway station is Priesthill and Darnley. The Brock Burn flows through the area.

History[edit]

The historic estate of Darnley (anciently Derneley, etc.), in Eastwood parish, Renfrewshire, 1.5 mi (2.4 km) east of Barrhead, was the seat of an ancient barony.[1]

In 1356, Robert Stewart, High Steward of Scotland, granted the barony to Sir John Stewart. It remained a possession of this branch of the house of Stewart (known as "Stewart of Darnley"), and in 1460 Sir John Stewart of Darnley (d. 1495) became "Lord Darnley" (a Scottish Lordship of Parliament) and subsequently in 1488 he was created Earl of Lennox (2nd creation).

His descendant in the fourth generation was Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley (1546-67), the second but eldest surviving son of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, (the courtesy title "Lord Darnley", his father's subsidiary title, designating him as heir apparent to the Earldom of Lennox), and the husband of Mary Queen of Scots by whom he was the father of King James VI of Scotland, I of England.

The title Earl of Darnley has been created twice. The 1675 creation was as a subsidiary title for Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox (1672-1723), of Goodwood House in Sussex, an illegitimate son of King Charles II, who in the early 18th century sold the estate of Darnley to the Duke of Montrose.[2] It was sold again in 1757 to Sir John Maxwell of Pollok, and in 1884 belonged to Stirling-Maxwell of Pollok and Keir, at which time it gave a prefix name to several seats of manufacture and other localities within its limits.[3]

During the second half of the 20th century, Darnley experienced total transformation from being a modest semi-rural community[4][5] to becoming a significant part of Glasgow's response to a post-war housing shortage. Following the construction of large housing schemes at South Nitshill (1957) and Kennishead (1966), the City of Glasgow approved the building of 2,048 homes in Darnley in 1968.[6] This scheme was to occupy an area to the north of Nitshill Road covered by Leggatston Farm, part of the original Darnley estate taken within the City of Glasgow boundaries in 1938.[7]

Over three phases a total of 1,336 deck-access apartment blocks, in heights of between two seven stories and with inter-linking pedestrian access corridors, were built.[8][6] This fell short of the initial number planned owing to a combination of economic, political and management setbacks. It was intended that Darnley would be a largely self-supporting estate and for this reason, two primary schools and a community centre formed part of the Council's plans. A social club and bowling green, a church, a small shopping centre and a library were all added throughout the 1970s.[7]

The broadening of the A726 to dual carriageway status in 1983 heralded the development of the Nitshill corridor as a light industrial and retail location. Darnley Trading Estate and large retail outlets are clustered around junction 3 of the southward extension of the M77 motorway (completed in 1997).[7] The closure of Darnley Hospital in 1992[9] and the opening on the site of a £3 million 120-bed nursing home in 1993 has also altered the employment opportunities for the local population and has become symptomatic of the regeneration of modern Darnley. However, there is a huge retail area with large chain stores, including a Sainsbury's supermarket (the first in Scotland, dating from 1992).[10]

The Darnley plane tree[edit]

Mary Queen of Scots is said to have nursed her sick husband, Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, under this "plane tree" (actually acer pseudoplatanus, sycamore tree); it must therefore have been mature in the 1560s as Darnley died in 1567

Mary, Queen of Scots came to Glasgow early in 1567, having left Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh on 24 January to collect her husband, Lord Darnley. Darnley had reportedly contracted smallpox and the Queen intended to bring him back to Holyrood on a litter as he was too weak to ride a horse. Darnley returned with his wife, only to be murdered a few days later on 10 February.[11][12]

Recent development[edit]

A £20 million refit and extension programme of Sainsburys began in February 2010; work included raising the store from 44,000sqft to 89,000sqft, constructing a mezzanine floor at the Nitshill Road side, a new petrol station and double-deck car parking area.

The new petrol station opened on 20 August 2010, the first in the company to have green-energy solutions such as solar energy panels and rain-water recycling for its car wash. The store was opened on 29 September 2010, by all 17 of the long-term employees who had been there since its initial opening in 1991. The store will become the Sainsbury's flagship store in Scotland again.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frances Groome, Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, 1882-4
  2. ^ Frances Groome, Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, 1882-4
  3. ^ Frances Groome, Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, 1882-4
  4. ^ Darnley Renfrewshire, Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, 1882 (Vision of Britain Through Time)
  5. ^ Darnley Bleachfield and Upper Darnley (Pollok House, 1830), the Glasgow Story
  6. ^ a b Glasgow, Glen Clunie Drive, Darnley Development General View (1991), Canmore
  7. ^ a b c Neighbourhoods: Darnley, The Glasgow Story
  8. ^ Darnley Tenements (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, 2004), the Glasgow Story
  9. ^ "Records of Darnley Hospital, Renfrewshire, Scotland". Retrieved 13 April 2008.
  10. ^ Analysis: How Oliver got an extra serving at Sainsbury's, The Scotsman, 30 May 2002
  11. ^ Daniel, William S. (1852), History of The Abbey and Palace of Holyrood. Pub. Edinburgh: Duncan Anderson. pp. 83 – 84.
  12. ^ Mary Stuart and Henry Stuart green plaque, Open Plaques 2009-2019

External links[edit]