Darul Aman Palace

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Darul Aman Palace
قصر دارالامان - د دارالامان ماڼۍ
Darulaman Kabul 2021 Palace.jpg
Darul Aman Palace after restoration in 2020
General information
StatusReconstructed in 2019 on the 100th Independence Day of Afghanistan
TypePalace
Architectural styleNeoclassical
Town or cityKabul
CountryAfghanistan
Construction started1925
Completed1927
Inaugurated19 August 2019 (renovation)
Renovated2016-2019
Renovation cost$10-20 million[1][2]
Height107 ft (33 m)
Technical details
MaterialBrick
Marble (spiral staircases)
Floor count3
Design and construction
ArchitectWalter Harten
A. Godard
M. Godard
Other information
Number of rooms150

Darul Aman Palace (Persian: قصر دارالامان‎; Pashto: د دارالامان ماڼۍ‎; "abode of peace" or, in a double meaning "abode of Aman[ullah]")[3] is a three-story-tall palace located about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) south-west outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan. It sits directly across from the Afghan Parliament, and is close to the National Museum of Afghanistan and the American University of Afghanistan.

The 150 room Darul Aman Palace was originally built in the 1920s, during the kingdom of Amanullah Khan. It was severely damaged during the 1990s civil war but was renovated from 2016 and was completed for the 100th year of Afghan Independence, which was on the 19th of August, 2019.[4]

History

Construction of the Darul Aman Palace began in the early 1920s as a part of the endeavours of King Amanullah Khan to modernize Afghanistan. It was to be part of the new capital city called Darulaman, connected to Kabul by a narrow gauge railway.[5] Amanullah Khan invited 22 architects from Germany and France to build the palace.[6] The palace is considered to be a testimony of the Afghan-German ties, as it was designed by German engineer Walter Harten and his team of engineers.[7]

The palace is an imposing neoclassical building on a hilltop overlooking a flat, dusty valley in the western part of the Afghan capital. Designed by French architects A. Godard and M. Gordad, as well as German architects, it was one of the first buildings in the country to get central heating and running water.[8][9] Intended as the seat of a future parliament, the building remained unused and partially complete for many years after religious conservatives under Habibullah Kalakani forced Amanullah from power in 1929, and halted his reforms. In later years it served as the medical school for Kabul University, as well a warehouse, and the seat of several smaller ministries.[8]

The building was gutted by fire on 14 December 1968 and afterward restored to house the Ministry of Defense during the 1970s and 1980s. In the Communist coup of 1978, the building was once more set on fire. Much of the building was damaged by tank fire during Shahnawaz Tanai's failed coup attempt on 6 March 1990.[10] It was once again damaged in the 1990s as rival Mujahideen factions fought for control of Kabul. Heavy shelling by the Mujahideen left the palace a gutted ruin, including the garage containing the vehicles of the former king which were removed and used as target practice, all ultimately being destroyed. It was mostly used as a refugee settlement and a nomad camp until the early 2000s when it became a battalion headquarters for the Afghan National Army.[8]

Railway line to the palace in 1923.

In 2005, a plan was unveiled to refurbish the palace for use as the seat of Afghanistan's future parliament.[11] It was to be funded primarily by private donations from foreigners and wealthy Afghans. The palace one of several targets in a series of attacks launched on 15 April 2012, for which the Taliban claimed responsibility.[12] Eventually it was decided to develop a new building opposite the palace to house the parliament under a grant, provided by India. Construction was completed in 2015.

In early 2016, work began on a $10 to 20 million restoration project, intended to renovate the palace in time for the centenary of Afghanistan's full independence in 1919.[1][13] Nearly 600 tons of debris was initially removed from the 150-room building and by the spring of 2017, workers were taking down plaster and concrete from the inner walls.[8] Over 80 engineers and architects were involved in the project, of which 25 percent were female. By July 2019, most of the major reconstruction work on the palace was completed.[2]

On 18 April 2020, an opening ceremony was held as the palace was used as a temporary COVID-19 isolation and treatment center with 200 beds during the COVID-19 pandemic in Afghanistan.[14][15]

Architecture

The palace is a U-shaped brick building, built in a European neoclassical style. It has 3 floors with 150 rooms, including a semi-circular main hall. Its highest point is around 33 m (108 ft) above ground level. There are four domed towers on the roof. The galleries on the third floor of the southern facade are decorated with a number of Corinthian columns. Each floor is connected by marble spiral staircases.[16][17][18]

In pop culture

In the 2015 game Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain (which is set in Kabul), there's a location called Lamar Khaate Palace that is clearly inspired by Darul Aman palace.

Gallery showing Darul Aman Palace before renovation

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Feature: Afghan former king's reconstructed palace beautifies Kabul landscape". Xinhua. 2019-08-10. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
  2. ^ a b "Afghan palace emerges from ruins as centenary nears". Arab News. 2019-08-16. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
  3. ^ Clements, Frank (2003) Conflict in Afghanistan, a Historical Encyclopaedia. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, ISBN 1-85109-402-4, page 29, 67.
  4. ^ Reconstruction of the Palace of the Darulaman on YouTube, Jan. 5, 2019, National Defense and Operations Directorate chaired by JHA
  5. ^ "Kabul to Darulaman railway". Sndrewgrantham.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  6. ^ "Cabinet Approves Darul Aman Palace Reconstruction Budget". Sada-E-Azadi. 12 March 2016. Archived from the original on 2018-02-08. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  7. ^ Azadi, Sada-e. "Cabinet Approves Darul Aman Palace Reconstruction Budget". www.sada-e-azadi.net. Archived from the original on 2018-02-08. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  8. ^ a b c d "Saving an Afghan Symbol, With Afghans Only". The New York Times. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  9. ^ "Art Of War - Военно-исторический литературный портал". 2018-07-29. Archived from the original on 2018-07-29. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  10. ^ Ghani, Mariam & Ashraf (8 September 2012). "Palace of Abandoned Dreams".
  11. ^ "Place to see: Darul Aman Palace, Kabul, Afghanistan". Archived from the original on December 21, 2009. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
  12. ^ "Taliban strike across Afghanistan in 'spring offensive'". BBC News. 16 April 2012.
  13. ^ "Renovation of Darul Aman Palace To Resume In Spring - TOLOnews".
  14. ^ "COVID-19 Cases Reach 933 in Afghanistan". TOLOnews. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  15. ^ "Afghanistan turns iconic palace into isolation facility". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  16. ^ "In pictures: Kabul's battle-scarred palace". BBC News. 2014-11-09. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  17. ^ Nordland, Rod (2017-04-05). "Saving an Afghan Symbol, With Afghans Only". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  18. ^ Mumtaz, Babar; Noschis, Kaj (2004). Development of Kabul: Reconstruction and planning issues. pp. 154–172. ISBN 2-940075-09-3.

External links

Coordinates: 34°27′54.78″N 69°7′9.47″E / 34.4652167°N 69.1192972°E / 34.4652167; 69.1192972