Darwell Wood

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Darwell Wood
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Darwell Wood - geograph.org.uk - 1289806.jpg
Darwell Wood is located in East Sussex
Darwell Wood
Location within East Sussex
Area of Search East Sussex
Grid reference TQ710202
Coordinates 50°57′22″N 0°26′10″E / 50.956°N 0.436°E / 50.956; 0.436Coordinates: 50°57′22″N 0°26′10″E / 50.956°N 0.436°E / 50.956; 0.436
Interest Biological
Area 37.6 ha (93 acres)
Notification 1966 (1966)
Natural England website

Darwell Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (biological), since 1966 in the county of East Sussex, England.[1]

The site is a broadleaved woodland, with a number of streams flowing into Darwell Reservoir.

Species[edit]

Most of the wood is made-up of coppices of hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) with oak (Quercus robur) standards. Under the dense tree canopy, mosses mainly grow with a few patches of bluebells (Hyacinthoides nonscripta),also blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) and wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella) can be found. On the higher grounds, the woodland becomes a more open, with silver birch (Betula pendula) and hazel (Corylus avellana) and some sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) coppice areas. The ground flora of the woodland has wood sage (Teucrium scorodonia), bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) and sanicle (Sanicula europaea). On the west of the site, calcareous (chalky) soils help support an ash (Fraxinus excelsior) grow. Underplanted by moses, ramsons (Allium ursinum), bee and pyramidal orchids (Ophrys apifera) and (Anacamptis pyramidalis). The streams which pass through the site have eroded deeply into the rock layer to produce steep sided valleys. These valleys have alder (Alnus glutinosa), with local abundances of grey willow (Salix cinerea) above a ground flora of pendulous sedge (Carex pendula), water mint (Mentha aquatica), opposite-leaved golden saxifrage (Chrysosplenium oppositifolium) and ragged robin (Lychnis flos-cuculi).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SSSI name: Darwell Wood" (PDF). www.sssi.naturalengland.org.uk. 1966. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2013.