Jump to content


Coordinates: 53°41′53″N 2°27′40″W / 53.698°N 2.461°W / 53.698; -2.461
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Darwen is located in Blackburn with Darwen
Shown within Blackburn with Darwen
Darwen is located in Lancashire
Location within Lancashire
Area7.58 km2 (2.93 sq mi) [1]
Population31,570 [1] (2001 census)
• Density4,165/km2 (10,790/sq mi)[1]
OS grid referenceSD695225
Civil parish
  • Darwen
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDARWEN
Postcode districtBB3
Dialling code01254
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
53°41′53″N 2°27′40″W / 53.698°N 2.461°W / 53.698; -2.461

Darwen is a market town and civil parish in the Blackburn with Darwen borough in Lancashire, England. The residents of the town are known as "Darreners". The A666 road passes through Darwen towards Blackburn to the north, Bolton to the south and Pendlebury where it joins the A6, about 18 miles (29 km) north-west of Manchester. The population of Darwen stood at 28,046 in the 2011 census. The town comprises four wards and has its own town council.

The town stands on the River Darwen, which flows from south to north and is seen in parks in the town centre and next to Sainsbury's located in the town centre.



Darwen's name is Celtic in origin. In Sub Roman Britain it was within the Brythonic kingdom of Rheged, a successor to the Brigantes tribal territory. The Brythonic language name for oak is derw and this is etymologically linked to Derewent (1208), an ancient spelling for the River Darwen.[2] Despite the area becoming part of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria by the mid-8th century, its Brythonic name was never supplanted by an Old English place name.[citation needed]


St Peter's church, the main parish church of Darwen

The area around Darwen has been inhabited since the early Bronze Age, and the remains of a round barrow from approximately 2000 BCE have been partially restored at the Ashleigh Barrow[3] in Whitehall. The barrow had ten interments, nine of which were Collared Urn burials. As well as human remains, items found at the barrow included a bronze dagger some 7.5 inches in length, a flint thumb scraper, a sub-plano-convex knife and a clay bead.[4] Copies of the Collared Urns may be seen at the Darwen Library.

The Romans once had a force in Lancashire, and a Roman road is visible on the Ordnance Survey map of the area. Medieval Darwen was tiny and little or nothing survives. One of the earliest remaining buildings is a farmhouse at Bury Fold, dated 1675.[5] Whitehall Cottage is thought to be the oldest house in the town, and was mostly built in the 17th and 18th centuries but contains a chimney piece dated 1557.[6][7]

Like many towns in Lancashire, Darwen was a centre for textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Samuel Crompton, inventor of the spinning mule, lived there for part of his life.[8] Rail links and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal arrived in the mid-19th century. The most important textile building in Darwen is India Mill, built by Eccles Shorrock & Company. The company was ruined, however, by the effects of the Lancashire Cotton Famine of the 1860s.[9] Cotton manufacture was an important industry, and by 1907, the Darwen Weavers', Winders' and Warpers' Association had more than 8,000 members in the town.[10]

Much of the town was built between about 1850 and 1900; placenames, date stones in terraces, and the vernacular architecture of cellars, local stone, locally-made brick, pipework and tiles and leaded glass, the last now mostly gone, reflect this. It was one of the first places in the world to have steam trams.[11]

Mahatma Gandhi in Darwen, 26 September 1931 with Mirabehn (Madeleine Slade).

Andrew Carnegie financed a public library here; the town also had an art and technology college and a grammar school.[12]

In 1931, Darwen was visited by Mahatma Gandhi, he had accepted the invitation from Corder Catchpool, Quaker manager of the Spring Vale Garden Village Ltd, to see the effects of India's boycott of cotton goods.[13]

India Mill is now home to many companies, including Brookhouse (producers of aeroplane parts) and Capita Group, which runs TV licensing. Since the 1950s, the textile industry has strongly declined in the region, although many industrial buildings from the period survive, now used for other purposes. India Mill and its chimney have been sold in a £12 million deal.[14]

Among Darwen's other notable industries are Crown Paints, formerly Walpamur Paints,[15] the earliest British paint manufacturer, which named one of its paints 'Darwen Satin Finish'. Crown Wallpaper manufactured wallpaper, Lincrusta and Anaglypta in the town. ICI Acrylics (now called Lucite International) was where acrylic glass (Perspex for windows and signage, and Sani-ware or Lucite used for the manufacture of baths and shower trays) was invented; it is still manufactured in two separate plants within the town. Spitfire canopies and (later) coloured polythene washing-up bowls were first made here.[16] A Heritage Centre opened in 2016[17]



The municipal borough of Darwen existed for ninety-six years, from 1878. The borough was merged with Blackburn in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. The town became part of the Lancashire non-metropolitan district of Blackburn, which was renamed Blackburn with Darwen in 1997, shortly before it became a unitary authority.

The population of the town declined from 40,000 in the 1911 census to 30,000 in the 1971 census.[18]

Locally, Darwen has been represented by Labour, Conservative and Liberal Democrat councillors in the main council wards for the town. In the 2008 local elections, the For Darwen Party picked up the majority of the wards in the town to put pressure on Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council for Darwen to have its own council again. In April 2009 Darwen Town Council was formed.[19]

There are five council wards within Darwen out of the 23 in the Borough of Blackburn with Darwen. These are:

Darwen had its own parliamentary constituency until 1983 when it became part of the present Rossendale and Darwen constituency. This seat is currently held by Member of Parliament Jake Berry.

Coat of arms


The coat of arms for Darwen should not be confused with the coat of arms used by the unitary authority of Blackburn with Darwen, which is the coat of arms for Blackburn.

Darwen coat of arms as depicted in a recovered stained glass window at Royal Blackburn Hospital
Coat of arms of Darwen as depicted on the main gates of Bold Venture Park

Darwen was granted its coat of arms on 7 August 1878.[21] At the foot of the coat of arms is the town motto in Latin Absque Labore Nihil, which translates as "Nothing without labour". The arms depicts three cotton bolls and the River Darwen which runs through the town. The cotton represents the cotton industry in which the town grew and prospered during the Industrial Revolution and the three bolls to represent the three main areas of Darwen – Over Darwen, Lower Darwen and Hoddlesden. At the helm of the coat of arms is a barred helmet representing nobility, and above it the torse in the town colours of blue and gold. At the crest a man stands shouldering a pickaxe, which refers to the town's motto and also represents the mining industry that was present to the east of the town at that time.[citation needed]



After the passing of the Education Act 1870, many schools were established to serve the ever-growing population. Many were later demolished.

Darwen Aldridge Community Academy opened in September 2008 at the premises of the former Darwen Moorland High School on the outskirts of the town, which had closed in July 2008 to reopen as the academy after the summer holidays. All pupils from Darwen Moorland transferred to the academy. Pupils have subsequently moved down to the new site, into a state-of-the-art £49m academy, with sixth form and modern facilities.[22]

Darwen Vale High School was temporarily moved to the old Moorland site whilst a new build was completed on the original site. The original school façade was incorporated into the new build, and Darwen Vale transferred back to the original site in 2012. However, the move had caused major issues with the management at the school, which led to the head leaving and a new head taking over in 2013. Later in 2013, Ofsted ruled that the school was failing and the government ordered the school's conversion to academy status, sponsored by the Aldridge Foundation , despite teaching staff and parents protesting governmental imposition on the school's management.[23][24][25]

In September 2013 Darwen Aldridge Enterprise Studio opened and in 2014 the school moved to its permanent home in the renovated former Model Lodging House on Police Street.[26]

In January 2022 Crosshill School completed a £2million move from Blackburn Central High School to the vacant Sunnyhurst Centre on Salisbury Road, with the move adding extra places at the school, Crosshill is part of the Champion Education Trust.[27]


NASA Landsat 7 image of Blackburn (North) and Darwen (South)



Darwen is located amid the West Pennine Moors south of Blackburn, it stands within a valley with the River Darwen flowing at its base. The river passes through the town from south to north, subsequently joining the River Ribble, which flows into the Irish Sea between Lytham St Annes and Southport. The A666 road follows the valley through the town centre as part of its route from the Ribble Valley, north of Blackburn, to Bolton and the boundary between Pendlebury and Irlams o' th' Height in Salford. The town's weather conditions made it perfect for cotton weaving and as a result it became one of the largest mill towns in Lancashire.

The Guinness Book of Records records that Darwen had one of the largest flash floods in the United Kingdom, in 1848; 12 people died.[28][29]



Darwen Jubilee Tower

Darwen 'Jubilee' Tower

In 1897 the town council met to deliberate how best to celebrate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. The idea of building the Jubilee Tower, in conjunction with public access to the moors, was put forward. A competition to design the tower was won by Ralph Ellison from the borough engineer's department and on 22 June 1897 work began. On 24 September 1898 the opening ceremony was held, attended by over 3,000 people. Present at the ceremony were Councillor Alexander Carus, Mayor Charles Huntington, the High Sheriff of Lancashire and Lord of the Manor Rev. W.A. Duckworth.

The tower, which is open to the public, overlooks the town from the moors and stands at an altitude of 1,227 ft (374m) and has a height of 85 ft (26m). A spiral staircase leads to the top from where, on a clear day, Blackpool Tower, the Isle of Man, North Wales and the Furness Peninsula can be seen. In November 2010 the dome of the tower was blown off by strong winds. The dome was restored in January 2012.[30]

Darwen Library

Darwen Library as seen from Railway Road

Originally situated in the Peel Street, the library was transferred to the new technical school building in 1895.[31]

Today, Darwen Library stands at the corner of Knott Street and School Street to the north of the Circus. It was commissioned by Andrew Carnegie, a Scottish migrant to the USA who made his fortune as a producer of iron and steel. He donated £8,000 in response to a speculative appeal for funds by the Library Committee. The opening took place on 27 May 1908 and was attended by Mayor Councillor G.P. Holde, Councillor Ralph Yates and Carnegie himself. The library has served the town ever since, with the original lecture hall being transformed into the Library Theatre in June 1971.[31] On 27 April 2017 the library and theatre were designated as a Grade II listed building.[32]

Darwen Town Hall

Darwen Town Hall

Darwen Town Hall was opened on 11 July 1882 and the clock tower was added in 1899 when Dr. James Ballantyne became mayor.[31] In the 1920s part of the market ground was made into the town's bus station which still remains today. Although local government proceedings were transferred to Blackburn in the 1970s, the council chambers remained in the building, and were used by the magistrates' court from 1983 until 1992.[33] The town hall currently houses offices of Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council and the local Neighbourhood Policing Team,[34] and is a venue for meetings of the Darwen Town Council established in 2009.[35] Five shop units opened in 2011.[36]



Darwen has four parks. Three of the parks in Darwen are on the west of the main road through the town, with paths leading to countryside and to Jubilee Tower. The fourth, and newest park, is Ashton Park, which is on the east side of Bolton Road, just behind the Spinners Arms public house.[citation needed]

Bold Venture Park

Bold Venture Park from the main entrance. The picture also shows the Darwen War Memorial

Bold Venture Park stands to the west of the town, at the foot of the moors and the path which leads to the Jubilee Tower. The land in which the park lies was bought by Darwen Corporation from Rev. W.A. Duckworth. It was designed by R. W. Smith-Saville, the borough engineer, and opened in 1889.[37]

Sunnyhurst Wood

Sunnyhurst Wood


Sunnyhurst Wood was originally owned by the Brock-Hollinshead family and used for hunting stag. The area was later sold to Eccles Shorrock. To commemorate the coronation of Edward VII the land was turned into a public park on 2 July 1903.[38]

Whitehall Park


Whitehall Park is a 16-acre (6.5 ha) park in the south of the town.[39] It was opened in 1879 on land acquired from John Adamson.[40]



Darwen sits in a large valley strung along the A666 road along the valley floor. It is connected to the motorway system at Junction 4 of the M65 at Earcroft, on the town's northern boundary, and considerable traffic passes through the town centre along the A666, causing high levels of air pollution. The local council has recently attempted to address the situation by adding a new road layout to the town centre, with public transport and junction improvements to reduce traffic.

Darwen stands along the Ribble Valley railway line, operated by Northern. Darwen railway station has up to two trains per hour between Blackburn and Rochdale (via Bolton and Manchester); one train per hour continues beyond Blackburn to Clitheroe.

Darwen's bus terminal (Darwen Circus) hosts buses up to every 12 minutes to Blackburn/Accrington on weekdays. There is also a service, every 20 minutes on weekdays and hourly on Sundays, to Bolton and Clitheroe, but the Bolton service terminates at 7:00pm. Both services are operated by Blackburn Bus Company.

In 2008 the "Pennine Reach" scheme, to improve public transport between Darwen, Blackburn and Hyndburn, was proposed by Lancashire and Blackburn with Darwen councils, including plans for the addition of bus lanes to the A666. However, it has been controversial, with some residents placing "Say no to Bus Lane, we don't want it" signs in their windows, and the neighbouring district of Hyndburn pulled out of the scheme.[41] The scheme was put on hold in 2010 as local authorities reviewed their spending after their budgets were cut, before being abandoned later in the year due to lack of government funding, and the councils are now looking at other ways to improve public transport.[42][43]

Aerial view with M65 motorway visible in top of the image, above Darwen

In 2004 Crown Wallcoverings, previously one of the biggest businesses in the town, closed with the loss of more than 200 jobs.[44] The Crown building was a large redbrick ten-storey building with numerous chimneys. In 2006 the empty building and the 200 foot (60 m) chimney was demolished.[45]

Culture and community


The Darwen News published a Maudley Medley on 9 March 1878:

'Tween two hillsides, both bleak and barren,
Lies lovely little "Dirty Darren"[31]

The locals refer to themselves as Darreners. They are generally resistant to any attempts at submerging the identity of the town within Blackburn.[46] A motorway service area at junction 4 of the M65 motorway lies within the town, and was originally named "Blackburn Services". Following local protests it was renamed "Blackburn with Darwen Services".[47]

The town is the home of the Darwen Library Theatre (an extension to the library), and the TV show Hetty Wainthropp Investigates. Darwen has a few footnotes in entertainment history: its theatre (now demolished) had appearances by Charlie Chaplin, and it featured in the film, There Was a Crooked Man, which starred Norman Wisdom and Alfred Marks.

The Beatles played in Darwen on Friday 25 January 1963, at the Co-operative Hall. They headlined "The Greatest Teenage Dance" which was commissioned by the Darwen Baptist Youth Club. Support acts included the Electones, the Mike Taylor Combo and the Mustangs with Ricky Day.[48]



The Parish Church of Darwen is St Peter's, a large and active Anglican church consecrated in 1829. Further Anglican Churches in Darwen include St Cuthbert's (consecrated in 1878) serving the north of the town, and St Barnabas' (built 1884) serving the south.[49][50]

Darwen Methodist Church meets on two sites in the town, at Bright Street and Spring Vale.[51]

The Medina Mosque and Islamic Centre, Darwen's first mosque, is located on Victoria Street.[52]

Faizaan e Jamal e Mustafa, Darwen's second mosque, is located on Railway Road. It was opened in 2018.



Darwen has its own music school, Darwen School of Music (formerly Elite School of Music), situated on Blackburn Road. The school has a majority focus on popular music.[53]

Darwen Live (formerly Darwen Music Live) is a free two-day music festival held each year over the second bank holiday in May. The main stage is built outside the town hall, and other smaller music stages are usually based around the town in pubs and bars. The festival has attracted artists such as Buzzcocks, China Crisis, Toyah and Paul Young, as well as being a showcase for local bands.[54][55]

Darwen has one of the oldest brass bands in the country. Now named Blackburn and Darwen Band, its roots can be traced back to 1840.[56][57] Another brass band, Darwen Brass, was formed in 2007 and under MD Steve Hartley has enjoyed many notable competition successes, including 4th section wins throughout the North West.[58][59] In 2012 Darwen Brass qualified for the National Brass Band Championships, finishing 5th.[60] The band was promoted to the 3rd section from the start of 2013.



Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC North West and ITV Granada. Television signals are received from the Winter Hill and the local relay transmitters.[61][62]

Local radio stations are BBC Radio Lancashire, Heart North West, Smooth North West, Capital Manchester and Lancashire, Greatest Hits Radio Lancashire, and Central Radio North West, a community based station.[63]

The Lancashire Telegraph is the local newspaper that covers the town.[64]



The town was the home of Darwen Football Club, formed in 1870 and the world's first football club to have paid professional players.[65] The team reached the semi-final of the FA Cup in 1880-81 and played in the Football League at the Barley Bank ground between 1891 and 1899. The club was wound up at the end of the 2008–09 season and replaced almost immediately by A.F.C. Darwen. The new club plays in the First Division North of the North West Counties Football League and is based at the Anchor Ground.

The town has a strong cricketing tradition and Darwen Cricket Club was originally founded in the late 1800s as Darwen Etrurians CC playing at Barley Bank. The current club was constituted in 1911 and since 1920 has been based at Birch Hall Cricket Ground. The club was a founder member of the Northern League in 1951 winning that competition five times before successfully applying to play in the Lancashire League from the 2017 season. This change heralded a golden era for the club and within 5 seasons, it had won every club competition in the county. Twice holders of the Worsley Cup (2017 and 2019), T20 champions in 2021 and LCF Knockout Cup winners in 2018 with the set completed when crowned 2022 Lancashire League champions after defeating Greenmount by 13 runs on 4 September 2022. Past Professionals include David Wiese, George Linde (SA) Keith Semple (WI) and Scott Hookey (AUS). Following a successful debut season, Punit Bisht (IND) has been retained as the club's paid man for 2024 and 2025.

To the north-west of the town lies Darwen Golf Club. The characteristics of the course have changed little since the club was established in 1893. Due to its geographical location within the moors, the course is regarded as a tough test of golfing ability.[66]

Until the sports centre was demolished, Darwen was home to the North West Open Karate tournament, which hosted many national and world champions. Tower Shukokai Karate Club[67] was resident at the sports centre from 1988 and remains active. Tower's instructors, Andy Allwood, 5th Dan and Martyn Skipper 4th Dan, both won this tournament in their respective weight categories (Allwood, heavyweight, in the 1990s and Skipper, lightweight, in 2006 after the tournament had moved to Bury). In 2013 Martyn Skipper won the WUKF European Veterans' title when the European Championships were held in Sheffield.

Notable people


Twin towns


See also



  1. ^ a b c KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas, Office for National Statistics
  2. ^ Mills, A.D. (1991). A dictionary of English place-names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-869156-4.
  3. ^ "Ashleigh Barrow". The Modern Antiquarian. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  4. ^ Barrowclough, David (2010). "Dating the Early Bronze Age in Northern England: Comparison with Ireland, Scotland and Wales". Cambridge: Red Dagger Press.
  5. ^ "Bury Fold". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Darwen: Historic Town Assessment Report" (PDF). Lancashire Historic Town Survey Programme. Lancashire County Council. May 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2011.
  7. ^ "Gable End Cottage, Whitehall, Whitehall Cottages". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
  8. ^ French, Gilbert James (1859). The life and times of Samuel Crompton, inventor of the spinning machine known as the mule. London: Simpkin, Marshall. p. 196. OCLC 218459536.
  9. ^ Riley, J. J. (1894). "Darwen and the Cotton Famine Thirty Years Ago 1862-1864". The Free Press, Rawtenstall.
  10. ^ Marsh, Arthur; Ryan, Victoria; Smethurst, John B. (1994). Historical Directory of Trade Unions. Vol. 4. Farnham: Ashgate. pp. 106–107. ISBN 9780859679008.
  11. ^ "Steam Tram Turning Triangle and Twin Waiting Rooms, Darwen". Lancashire Past. 2 August 2015. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Darwen Grammar School". Lancashire Telegraph. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  13. ^ Hughes, William R: Indomitable Friend, the Life of Corder Catchpool 1883-1952; p.60
  14. ^ "£12m deal guarantees new jobs for India Mill". Lancashire Telegraph. 9 August 2006. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Walpamur | Patrick Baty – Historical paint consultant". Patrickbaty.co.uk. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  16. ^ "We're Darwen's secret weapon". Lancashire Telegraph. 13 April 2004. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Heritage centre set to open its doors in Darwen for the first time". Lancashire Telegraph. 13 June 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
  18. ^ "Darwen MB: Total Population". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  19. ^ Pye, Catherine (2 April 2009). "Darwen Town Council formed". Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 9 May 2024.
  20. ^ "Darwen town council election results 2009". Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. 2009. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  21. ^ "Heraldry of the world – Darwen". Ngw.nl. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Darwen Aldridge Community Academy". The Aldridge Foundation. Archived from the original on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  23. ^ "1,000 sign petition about Darwen Vale's future". Lancashire Telegraph. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Darwen school faces forced academy status". Lancashire Telegraph. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Darwen Vale High School Converts to Academy". darwenvale.com. 5 December 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  26. ^ "Darwen studio school moves into new home". Lancashire Telegraph. 13 September 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  27. ^ Jacobs, Bill (29 March 2023). "Thriving special educational needs school in Darwen set to expand". Lancs Live. Retrieved 1 May 2024.
  28. ^ "Darwen flood tragedy recalled in new sculpture trail around reservoir". Lancashire Telegraph. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  29. ^ "Small Raised Reservoirs – the need for regulation" (PDF). Britishdams.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  30. ^ "Darwen Tower dome lifted into place by helicopter". BBC News. 13 January 2012.
  31. ^ a b c d Groom, Graham (1993). Arsque Labore Nihil. Historical and Contemporary Jottings on Darwen 1889-1993. Darwen: Little Darren Books. OCLC 29389745.
  32. ^ Historic England, "Darwen Library and Theatre, and attached railings (1440564)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 28 April 2017
  33. ^ "Darwen – Town Centre Trail". Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  34. ^ "Worries raised over Darwen Town Hall". Lancashire Telegraph. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  35. ^ "Council Meetings". Darwen Town Council. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  36. ^ "Darwen town hall shopping up and running". Lancashire Telegraph. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  37. ^ "Bold Venture Park". Parks & Gardens. 1999. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  38. ^ Athey, Neil (2 July 2019). "Darwen celebrates as town gets a third park". Lancashire Telegraph. p. 22.
  39. ^ "Whitehall Park". Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. Archived from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  40. ^ "Whitehall Park". Parks & Gardens. 1999. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  41. ^ Watkinson, David (18 July 2008). "Major blow for bus lane". Lancashire Telegraph. Blackburn. p. 5.
  42. ^ "Lancashire councils budgeting for spending cuts". BBC News. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  43. ^ Hopper, Chris (19 December 2010). "Parts of East Lancashire bus lane scheme to be revived". Lancashire Telegraph. Blackburn. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  44. ^ "Wallpaper factory to close". BBC. 30 September 2003. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  45. ^ "Town's farewell to landmark mill". Lancashire Telegraph. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  46. ^ ""Hands off our name", say Darreners". Lancashire Telegraph. Blackburn. 27 May 2004. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  47. ^ "MP steps up M65 name campaign". Lancashire Telegraph. Blackburn. 3 September 2003. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  48. ^ "25 January 1963: Live: Co-operative Hall, Darwen". The Beatles Bible. 25 January 1963. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  49. ^ "St Peter's Church Darwen". Stpeterschurchdarwen.org. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  50. ^ https://www.stcuthbertwithststephen.org/st-cuthberts
  51. ^ https://www.darwenmethodists.co.uk/
  52. ^ "Madina Mosque and Islamic Centre (Darwen, Lancashire) – Comprehensive Complete Directory Search Listings of Muslim Mosques in the United Kingdom". Mosquedirectory.co.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  53. ^ "Darwen School of Music links with Marc Bolan and Sierra Leone". Lancashire Telegraph. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  54. ^ "Darwen Live 2008". Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. 25 May 2008. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  55. ^ "Darwen live festival headliners announced". The Lancashire Telegraph. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  56. ^ "Blackburn and Darwen Band". The Internet Bandsman's Everything Within. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  57. ^ "About us". Blackburn & Darwen Band. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  58. ^ "Darwen Brass". Brass Band Results. 2011.
  59. ^ "About us". Darwen Brass. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  60. ^ "Darwen Brass". Brass Band Results. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  61. ^ "Full Freeview on the Winter Hill (Bolton, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  62. ^ "Freeview Light on the Darwen (Blackburn with Darwen, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  63. ^ "About Us – Central Radio". Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  64. ^ "Lancashire Telegraph". British Papers. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  65. ^ "Darwen FC and the first professional footballer". Darwen Online Blog. 5 January 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  66. ^ "Darwen Golf Club – Lancashire, England". Darwengolfclub.com. 23 July 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  67. ^ "Tower Shukokai Karate Club". Towershukokai.co.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  68. ^ "My mate's got me a flash new Merc". Lancashire Evening Telegraph. Blackburn. 10 September 2001. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  69. ^ Clough, Dan (7 February 2013). "Darwen set to get twin town in Africa". Lancashire Telegraph. Blackburn. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  70. ^ Clough, Dan (11 October 2013). "Twinning ceremony between Darwen and Gambia will be a celebration". Lancashire Telegraph. Blackburn. Retrieved 14 May 2024.