Darwin College, Cambridge
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|University of Cambridge|
|Named after||The Darwin Family|
|Sister college||Wolfson College, Oxford|
Darwin College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Founded on 28 July 1964, Darwin was Cambridge University's first graduate-only college, and also the first to admit both men and women. The college is named after one of the university's most famous families and alumni, that of Charles Darwin. The Darwin family previously owned some of the land, Newnham Grange, on which the college now stands.
The college has between 600 and 700 students, mostly studying for PhD or MPhil degrees with strengths in the sciences, humanities, and law. About half the students come from outside the United Kingdom, representing 80 nationalities as of 2016. Darwin is the largest graduate college of Cambridge. Darwin's sister college at Oxford University is Wolfson College.
Members of Darwin College are termed Darwinians. The college has several distinguished alumni including prominent heads of government and state, politicians, diplomats, and scientists from various countries such as British primatologist and anthropologist Jane Goodall,  American conservationist Dian Fossey, Barbadian Governor-General Elliott Belgrave, Nobel Prize winner Elizabeth Blackburn, Nobel Prize winner Eric Maskin, Solicitor-General of the United States Paul Clement, Global Energy Prize winning scientist Thorsteinn I. Sigfusson, and Pulitzer Prize nominated neurosurgeon Paul Kalanithi.
Sir Ian Wilmut, the leader of the research group that in 1996 first cloned a mammal from an adult somatic cell, a Finnish Dorset lamb named Dolly is also an alumnus of the college. Honorary fellows include Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, and the scientist Martin Rees. Notable students and fellows of Darwin College include British politician Oliver Letwin, Nobel Prize winner Richard Henderson and four Nobel Laureates. The college has 23 Fellows of the Royal Society among its current, emeritus, and honorary fellows including Dame Jane Francis.
A significant increase in the number of postgraduate students at Cambridge University in the post-war period led to a growing realisation that a graduate college was becoming a necessity. In 1963, three of the university's older colleges – Trinity College, St John's College, and Gonville and Caius College – announced their intention to jointly form a new, wholly graduate college. The college was established in 1964, located on the bank of the River Cam, opposite Queens' College. On 29 January 1965, the Privy Council gave formal approval to the college as an Approved Foundation. It received its Royal Charter as an independent college within the university in 1976.
The college is named after the Darwin family, Charles Darwin's second son, George Darwin, having owned some of the property which the college now occupies. He bought Newnham Grange, the oldest part of the college, in 1885, together with the adjacent building known as The Old Granary, and Small Island. (Newnham Grange was originally built in 1793 for the family of Patrick Beales, a local corn and coal merchant. It was extensively remodelled by George Darwin.)
Following the death of George's son, Sir Charles Galton Darwin, in 1962, those concerned with the foundation of the new college learned that the property was to become available. Katherine, Lady Darwin, and her family were very receptive to the idea of their home becoming the nucleus of a new college, and to the suggestion that it should bear the family's name. Family portraits of the Darwin family are on loan to the college from the Darwin Heirloom Trust and can be found on the walls of several of the college's main rooms. In the book Period Piece: A Cambridge Childhood, the granddaughter of Charles Darwin, Gwen Raverat describes how she grew up at Newnham Grange.
A commemorative book entitled Darwin College: A 50th Anniversary Portrait was commissioned and published by the college in 2014 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the college in 1964.
In 1966 the college acquired the Hermitage (a house built in the nineteenth century on the west side of Newnham Grange) from St John's College. Work to convert and extend the college's buildings was funded by the founding colleges and through substantial donations from the Rayne Foundation established by Sir Max Rayne, a Jewish businessman and philanthropist.
In 1994 Darwin College completed construction of a new library and study centre along the side of The Old Granary. The centre is built on a narrow strip of land alongside the millpond in Cambridge, and uses a structure of green oak and lime mortar brickwork. The building uses high-level automatically opening windows and a chimney to control natural ventilation.
In 2004, the college acquired the Malting House to accommodate 12 students. The Malting House is Grade II listed and its name reflects the original purpose of the building. The building was the home of the Malting House School, which experimented with radical ideas in education in the 1920s.
In 2010 the college acquired No 4 Newnham Terrace, the former Rectory for the Church of St Mary the Less, Cambridge (Little St Mary's) thereby finally establishing an entire boundary for the college from Queen's Bridge to Newnham Road and to the River Granta. The long boundary returns to Queen's Bridge and is formed by the two islands in the middle of the river.
Darwin College has particular strengths across a range of subjects and is particularly strong in the sciences, law, and humanities with the majority of the postgraduate students graduating with PhDs and MPhils in these academic subjects.
The college organises the annual prestigious Darwin Lecture Series, eight talks over eight weeks structured around a single theme (such as 'Power') examined from very different perspectives (scientific, humanities, arts), given by eminent speakers who are leading international authorities in their fields. The lectures have been hosted for over twenty-five years and form one of the key events in the Cambridge calendar. Most of the series of lectures have been published as books. Past speakers at the Darwin Lecture Series have included Sir Walter Bodmer, Rose George, Andrew Fabian, and historian David Olusoga. The inaugural lecture was given by Karl Popper.
In sports, Darwin College Boat Club is a popular student society at Darwin College, as well as Darwin College Football Club who play in the long established Cambridge University Association Football League (CUAFL), representing the only graduate college within CUAFL. The club plays throughout the year in and out of term.
Notable Darwin alumni who have participated in sport include Helen McFie, a retired Scottish rower who as a member of the Cambridge University Boat Club won the 1971 and 1972 Boat Races and who competed for Great Britain at the 1975 World Rowing Championships.
Every Darwinian is automatically a member of the Darwin College Student Association (DCSA). The DCSA committee comprises 20 students, organising events and parties, supporting societies, and helping students make the most of their time in Cambridge.
The Darwin College University Challenge team achieved some success on University Challenge in the 2018-2019 season reaching the semi-finals of the competition led by captain Jason Golfinos. The College team reached the first-round of the 2020-21 season of University Challenge.
Darwin College is associated with a number of distinguished alumni including former students, fellows of the college and past masters. Darwinians have achieved great success in a wide variety of careers including as scientists, lawyers, politicians, academics, civil servants, diplomats, and representatives of international organisations.
Conservationists Jane Goodall and Dian Fossey, Brian Gibson, Seamus O'Regan and Sir Ian Wilmut, the leader of the research group that first cloned the sheep Dolly, a mammal from an adult somatic cell, are alumni/ae.
Paul Clement, the former United States Solicitor General, read for an MPhil in Politics and Economics at Darwin in 1988–89. Elliott Belgrave, the Governor-General and High Court Judge of Barbados was an alumni of the College.
The philosopher Huw Price, current Bertrand Russell Professor of Philosophy at Cambridge, studied for his PhD in philosophy at Darwin under the philosopher Hugh Mellor, an erstwhile fellow of the college. The philosopher Nigel Warburton also studied for his PhD at Darwin. British nutritionist Professor Ann Prentice is also an alumni of the university.
British architect and founder of van Heyningen and Haward Architects Joanna Van Heyningen is an alumni of the college.
The Sri Lankan first-class cricketer Gajan Pathmanathan also studied at Darwin College in the 1982 and played first-class cricket at Cambridge.
Elizabeth Blackburn: 2009 Nobel laureate in medicine
Eric Maskin: 2007 Nobel laureate in economics
Nancy Cox: Virologist
Paul Clement: Former United States Solicitor General
Roger Gosden: Physiologist
Stephen Gaukroger: Australian historian
Philip Dawid: Statistician
Ann Prentice: British nutritionist
Seamus O'Regan: Canadian politician and journalist
Monica Grady CBE: British space scientist
Janet Rossant: British developmental biologist
|Helen McFie||1972||British female rower|
|Kevin Burgess||1983||British Chemist|
|Nikos Christodoulakis||1981||Minister for Economy and Finance of Greece|
|Mary Fowler||1972, 1976||British Geologist and academic|
|Lindsey Hughes||1987||2007||Historian of Russia|
|Paul Kalanithi||2007||2015||Indian-American neurosurgeon|
|Paul Lambert||1980||Royal Naval Officer|
|Jane Marriott OBE||1990||British diplomat|
|John Murton||1973||British diplomat|
|Nicola Padfield||1977||British barrister and academic|
|Gajan Pathmanathan||1982||2012||Indian cricketer|
|Huw Price||1982||Australian philosopher|
|Barbara Sahakian||1980||Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology|
|Dale Sanders||1978||Director of the John Innes Centre|
|Philippa Saunders||2000||British scientist and academic|
|Joanna Shapland||1981||British criminologist|
|Lawrence W. Sherman||1980||American criminologist|
|Sally Shuttleworth||1980||British academic of Victorian literature|
|Thorsteinn I. Sigfusson||1906||2019||Icelandic physicist|
|Deborah Swallow||1977||British museum curator|
|Walter Sweeney||1980||British Conservative politician|
|Rachel Thomson||1998||Professor of Engineering|
|Sebastian Ting Chiew Yew||1970||Malaysian politician|
|Nigel Warburton||1988||British philosopher|
|Fiona Watson||1989||2003||Scottish political affairs officer|
|Ian Wilmut||1926||British biologist and embryologist|
|Thomas Woodcock||1989||Garter Principal King of Arms|
|Alison Yarrington||1946||Professor of art|
César Milstein, who received the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, was a Fellow of Darwin College from 1980 to 2002. Richard Henderson, winner of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, has been a Fellow since 1981.
Nick Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers, the inaugural president of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and Tom Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill, a Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were visiting professors at Darwin College in 1996 and between 2005 and 2008 
Sir Oliver Letwin: Former Shadow Cabinet Minister
Jane Goodall: Primatologist and Anthropologist
Amartya Sen: 1998 Nobel laureate in economics
Sir Karl Popper: Philosopher of Science
Max Perutz: 1962 Nobel laureate in chemistry
Martin Rees: Astrophysicist
César Milstein: 1984 Nobel laureate in medicine
Tony Hoare: Computer scientist
Richard Henderson: 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- Malting House School
- Masters of Darwin College, Cambridge
- Colleges of the University of Cambridge
- List of Honorary Fellows of Darwin College, Cambridge
- "Notice by the Editor". Cambridge University Reporter. University of Cambridge. 149 (Special No 5): 1. 6 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Annual report and Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2017" (PDF). Darwin College, Cambridge. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
- "Annual report and Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2019" (PDF). Darwin College, Cambridge. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- Popper, K. (1978). Natural selection and the emergence of mind. Dialectica, 339-355.
- http://dcsa.dar.cam.ac.uk/drupal6/info/student-life/student-association-dcsa/your-representatives[permanent dead link]
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