Darwin Crater is a suspected meteorite impact crater in Western Tasmania about 26 km (16 mi) south of Queenstown, just within the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park. The crater is expressed as a rimless circular flat-floored depression, 1.2 km (0.75 mi) in diameter, within mountainous and heavily forested terrain. It is east of the West Coast Range and the former North Mount Lyell Railway formation.
Discovery and description
The crater was discovered by the geologist R. J. Ford in 1972, after a search for the source of Darwin glass, an impact glass found over more than 400 square kilometres (150 sq mi) of southwestern Tasmania. Geophysical investigations and drilling have shown that the crater is filled with up to 230 metres (750 ft) of breccia capped by Pleistocene lake sediments. Although definitive proof of an impact origin of the crater is lacking, the impact hypothesis is strongly supported by the relationship of the glass to the crater, as well as the stratigraphy and deformation of the crater-filling material.
Carbonaceous inclusions have been found for the first time in Darwin glass: these have been shown to be biomarkers which survived the Darwin impact and are representative of plant species in the local ecosystem — including cellulose, lignin, aliphatic biopolymer and protein remnants.
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- Howard, K.T.; Haines, P.W. (2003). "Distribution And Abundance Of Darwin Impact Glass" (PDF). Third International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts.
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- Lo, C.H.; Howard, K.T.; Chung, S.L.; Meffre, S. (2002). "Laser-fusion 40Ar/39Ar Ages of Darwin Impact Glass". Meteoritics & Planetary Science. 37 (11): 1555–1562. Bibcode:2002M&PS...37.1555L. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2002.tb00810.x.
- Howard, K.T.; Bailey, M.J.; et al. (2013). "Biomass preservation in impact melt ejecta". Nature Geoscience. 6: 1018–1022. Bibcode:2013NatGe...6.1018H. doi:10.1038/NGEO1996.
- Brattstorm (15 April 2009). "Darwin Crater". Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Novak, Martin (26 November 2012). "Darwin Crater Trip Report". backpackertas.com.au. Retrieved 15 June 2017.