Darwin International Airport

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Darwin International Airport

Darwin International Airport logo.svg
Darwin International Airport, 2021, 06.jpg
Summary
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OperatorDarwin International Airport Pty Ltd (DIA) / RAAF Darwin
ServesDarwin, Northern Territory
LocationEaton, Northern Territory
Hub forAirnorth
Focus city forQantas
Elevation AMSL103 ft / 31 m
Coordinates12°24′53″S 130°52′36″E / 12.41472°S 130.87667°E / -12.41472; 130.87667Coordinates: 12°24′53″S 130°52′36″E / 12.41472°S 130.87667°E / -12.41472; 130.87667
Websitewww.darwinairport.com.au
Map
DRW is located in Northern Territory
DRW
DRW
DRW is located in Australia
DRW
DRW
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,354 11,004 Asphalt
18/36 1,524 5,000 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers1,925,039
Movements26,259
Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart[1]
passenger and aircraftmovements from the Department of Infrastructure and Transport[2]
Darwin International Airport Pty Ltd (DIA) is 100% owned by Airport Development Group of Northern Territory Airports.[3]
Opening of the new airport terminal in December 1991
Expanded Darwin Airport Domestic Terminal, 2021

Darwin International Airport (IATA: DRW, ICAO: YPDN) is the busiest airport serving the Northern Territory and the tenth busiest airport in Australia. It is the only airport serving Darwin.

The airport is located in Darwin's northern suburbs, 8 km (5.0 mi) from Darwin city centre, in the suburb of Eaton. It shares runways with the Royal Australian Air Force's RAAF Base Darwin.

Darwin Airport has an international terminal, a domestic terminal and a cargo terminal. Both of the passenger terminals have a number of shops and cafeterias.

In 2011 the airport served 26,036 flights and 1,743,734 passengers.[2]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

In 1919, when the England to Australia air race was announced, Parap Airfield was established in the suburb of Parap to act as the Australian terminal.[4] It operated as two airports, a civilian airport and a military field.

It frequently took hits from Japanese bombing through the Second World War, and was used by the Allies to project air power into the Pacific. The airport hosted Spitfires, Hudson Bombers, Kittyhawks, C-47s, B-24 Liberators, B-17 Fortresses and PBY Catalinas.[5]

In 1945 the Department of Aviation made the existing Darwin military airfield available for civil aviation purposes. As a result, the civilian airport at Parap was closed down and airport operations combined with the military airport.[4]

On 20 April 1954, Soviet spy Evdokia Petrova defected at Darwin Airport while she was being escorted out of Australia by KGB agents.

Between 1950 and 1974 Darwin Airport acted as the primary domestic and international airport for the Northern Territory and an important stop for airlines flying between Australia and Asia and onwards to Europe. UTA,[6] BOAC,[7] Alitalia[8] and Air India[9] were some airlines that had scheduled services to Darwin. However the introduction of longer range aircraft in the 1970s meant that many airlines did not need to stop over in Darwin, and chose to cease services.

Cyclone Tracy hit Darwin in 1974 and flattened the city. The airport was used to ferry 25,628 people out of Darwin. Darwin Airport was extensively used to assist UN operations in East Timor from 1999, and to support medical evacuations following the 2002 Bali bombings.

The new passenger terminal, with four aerobridges, was opened in December 1991.

21st century[edit]

Expansion of the low-cost carrier business model in the Australian market during 2007–08 saw both Jetstar Airways and Tiger Airways Australia express interest in developing Darwin Airport as a hub.[10] With Darwin's proximity to Southeast Asia, Jetstar anticipated that it would be able to make flights using smaller aircraft, such as the Airbus A320 to fly anywhere within 4 to 5 hours from Darwin.[11] Singapore-based Tiger maintained a route between Changi Airport and Darwin until 2008, with its Australian subsidiary operating domestically to Melbourne (and later Brisbane). However, plans for a Darwin hub failed to eventuate. Jetstar established a Darwin base, with flights to Singapore, Bali, and Tokyo via Manila but most of these routes would be withdrawn by May 2013.[12]

In 2008 the Australian Infrastructure Fund (AIX), which holds 28.2% of Northern Territory Airports, announced that the airport would undergo a $60 million expansion to cater for growing passenger numbers. Among other improvements it would provide a 65 per cent increase in terminal floor space.[13]

During 2008–09 financial year[14] a total of 1,538,938 passengers passed through Darwin International Airport which consisted of 188,530 international passengers and 1,350,408 domestic passengers.[15]

In April 2009 Garuda Indonesia suspended the Denpasar service from Darwin after nearly 30 years of service, citing "economic reasons". The move drew protests from the Northern Territory government.[16][17] The suspension left Darwin Airport without any non-Australian carriers flying there until late 2010 when Indonesia AirAsia started services from Bali to Darwin. Despite this, the number of passengers passing through the airport grew by 2% to 1,569,007 (207,825 international) passengers during the 2009–10 financial year.[15]

In December 2010 the Federal Government approved the Darwin Airport Master Plan, a 20-year blueprint guiding the airport's development as an international transit point between Europe, Asia and Australia.[18] 2012 and 2013 saw a major boost for Darwin Airport when foreign carriers SilkAir, Indonesia AirAsia, Philippine Airlines and Malaysia Airlines started direct flights to Singapore, Bali, Manila and Kuala Lumpur respectively. However, the increased competition from these carriers forced Jetstar to abandon its base in Darwin and redeploy its aircraft elsewhere.[19][20][21][22] Only flights to Bali were retained with the Singapore route taken over by Jetstar Asia with Singapore-based aircraft and crews.

On 9 May 2015, a major expansion of the terminal was officially opened. The $85 million expansion increased the floor area from 16,000 to 27,000 square metres to double the capacity of the airport at peak periods. Works enlarged the arrivals and departures areas, added four new domestic and two new international boarding gates, additional security screening areas, a larger check-in area and a new multi-use baggage reclaim area for both domestic and international arrivals. New Qantas and Virgin Australia lounges opened with the expansion as well as additional Duty Free and retail options.[23]

COVID-19 Pandemic[edit]

During March 2020, Qantas operated non-stop flights between Darwin and London Heathrow.[24] Normally routing from London to Sydney via Singapore on an Airbus A380, flights QF1 and QF2 instead made a technical stop in Darwin due to air travel restrictions imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Northern Territory's own border restrictions forced passengers to remain on-board during refuelling in Darwin, before an onward journey to either London or Sydney.

In October 2021, Qantas confirmed that it would operate its flagship direct route from Australia to London via Darwin, with the Northern Territory city in place of their Perth hub until June 2022.[25]

Today[edit]

Airnorth Aircraft at Darwin International Airport
Darwin International Airport tarmac, 2007
Darwin International Airport tarmac, 2019
Darwin International Airport at night, 2007.

Darwin Airport offers scheduled flights to regional destinations in the Northern Territory, domestically throughout Australia and in Southeast Asia. Domestic and international services operate from a single terminal.[26] Civilian operations are concentrated on the northern side of the airfield, where the main terminal building is located. Regional airline Airnorth has its head office and maintenance facilities on the airport property[27] and Bristow Helicopters also maintain a base of operations to supporting the resources industry. There are two general aviation aprons north of the main terminal building.

The area south of runway 11/29 and adjacent to the Stuart Highway is occupied by RAAF Base Darwin and Darwin Aviation Museum. It is used predominately for military operations.

Darwin airport electricity needs are partially met by two photovoltaic solar arrays. Stage 1 covers six hectares near the eastern end of the main runway and generates up to 4.0MW of electricity, opened on 5 August 2016. At the time of construction it was described as the largest airside photovoltaic system in the world.[28] Stage 2 provides a further 1.5 MW opened in December 2016 near the general aviation apron on the western side of the airport.[29]

Operations[edit]

Total[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at DRW airport. See Wikidata query.
Statistics for Darwin Airport[15]
Year Total
passengers
International Domestic %
change
Total aircraft
movements
International Domestic %
change
2001–02 962,589 127,768 834,821 −10.7% 17,253 1,985 15,268 −22.0%
2002–03 985,172 89,306 895,866 2.3% 17,243 1,311 15,932 −0.1%
2003–04 1,073,440 84,106 989,334 9.0% 16,508 1,410 15,098 −4.3%
2004–05 1,210,734 103,215 1,107,519 12.8% 16,501 1,987 14,514 0.0%
2005–06 1,219,378 116,454 1,102,924 0.7% 16,416 2,309 14,107 −0.5%
2006–07 1,403,685 134,217 1,269,468 15.1% 17,981 2,951 15,030 9.5%
2007–08 1,562,216 173,243 1,388,973 11.3% 19,270 3,421 15,849 7.2%
2008–09 1,538,938 188,530 1,350,408 −1.5% 22,733 5,225 17,508 18.0%
2009–10 1,569,007 207,825 1,361,182 2.0% 26,310 4,986 21,324 15.7%
2010–11 1,679,934 252,214 1,427,720 4.9% 27,237 5,153 22,084 3.5%
2011–12 2,044,622 357,210 1,687,412 21.7% 26,829 3,797 23,032 −1.5%
2012–13 1,925,039 313,032 1,612,007 −5.8% 26,259 3,545 22,714 −2.1%

Domestic[edit]

Domestic aviation activity into and out of Darwin Airport 2018[30]
Rank Airport Passengers carried % Change
1 Queensland, Brisbane 376,602 Decrease7.3
2 New South Wales, Sydney 310,700 Decrease3.4
3 Victoria, Melbourne 307,293 Increase0.3
4 Western Australia, Perth 194,308 Decrease2.0
5 Northern Territory, Alice Springs 109,707 Decrease7.6

International[edit]

Busiest international routes – Darwin Airport (Financial Year ending 30 June 2018)[31]
Rank Airport Passengers handled % Change
1 Singapore, Singapore-Changi 135,242 Increase 10.8
2 Indonesia, Denpasar 100,311 Decrease 19.8

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Airnorth Alice Springs,[32] Broome, Cairns, Dili, Elcho Island, Gove, Groote Eylandt, Katherine, Kununurra, Maningrida, McArthur River Mine, Milingimbi, Tennant Creek, The Granites, Townsville
Seasonal: Gold Coast,[33] Perth[34]
Alliance Airlines Dili[35]
Charter: Alice Springs, The Granites[36]
Donghai Airlines Shenzhen[37]
Fly Tiwi Gapuwiyak, Milikapiti, Minjilang, Nguiu, Pirlangimpi, Ramingining, Tennant Creek, Warruwi
Jetstar Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Denpasar, Melbourne, Sydney
Qantas Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
QantasLink Adelaide, Alice Springs,[38] Broome,[39] Cairns,[40] Canberra,[41] Townsville[40]
Singapore Airlines Singapore[42]
Virgin Australia Adelaide, Alice Springs,[43] Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
Virgin Australia Regional Airlines Perth

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Tasman Cargo Airlines Melbourne, Singapore[44]
Qantas Freight Hong Kong[45]
Toll Aviation Cairns

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 26 January 1960, a Transportes Aéreos de Timor (TAT) de Havilland Heron, registration CR-TAI, crashed north west of Bathurst Island in the Timor Sea, approximately one hour after taking off from Darwin on a flight to Baucau, Portuguese Timor. Two crew members and seven passengers were killed.[46] The passengers included Dr. Klaus Thorak, a prominent Northern Territory government veterinarian, his wife and their 15-year-old son.[47] It is believed that the pilot had difficulty with poor visibility, for which he had not been trained.[46]
  • On 25 December 1974, Douglas C-47B PK-RDB of Seulawah Air Services was damaged beyond economic repair by Cyclone Tracy.[48]
  • On 22 March 2010, an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia operated by Airnorth crashed after takeoff during a training flight. A check and training pilot and pilot under instruction were the only occupants and were both killed in the accident. Shortly after becoming airborne from runway 29, the pilot-in-command closed the power lever to simulate a failure of the left engine. During the manoeuvre, control was lost. The aircraft rolled left, pitched nose down and impacted the ground close to the golf course at RAAF Base Darwin. The subsequent investigation conducted by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau found that the incorrect throttle setting used by the pilot-in-command resulted in a simulated failure of the propeller auto-feathering system that increased the aircraft's tendency to roll, and that the pilot under check increased power on right engine, further increasing the roll. The crew failed to abandon the manoeuvre once control was lost. As a result of the accident, Airnorth now conducts most flight proficiency training using a simulator.[49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ YPDN – Darwin (PDF). AIP En Route Supplement from Airservices Australia, effective 2022-09-22, Aeronautical Chart Archived 25 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "Airport traffic data". Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  3. ^ "Welcome to Northern Territory Airports". Airport Development Group. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  4. ^ a b "History of the Qantas Hangar". Northern Territory Government. Natural Resources, Environment and The Arts. Archived from the original on 30 August 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2008.
  5. ^ "Darwin Airport – History of the Terminal". 28 January 2008. Archived from the original on 28 January 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  6. ^ "UTA timetable, 1964". Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  7. ^ "BOAC timetable, 1964". Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  8. ^ "Alitalia timetable, 1961". Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  9. ^ "Air India website". Home.airindia.in. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  10. ^ Creedy, Steve (22 December 2007). "Jetstar plan for Darwin springboard into Asia". The Australian. Archived from the original on 15 March 2008. Retrieved 25 June 2008.
  11. ^ Creedy, Steve (2 August 2008). "Jetstar boosts services from Darwin airport". The Australian. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  12. ^ "Jetstar shuts Darwin base as competition grows – Travel Weekly". travelweekly.com.au. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  13. ^ "AIX announces Darwin airport expansion". The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 July 2008. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
  14. ^ 1 July to 30 June
  15. ^ a b c "Airport Traffic Data 1985–86 to 2010–11". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). May 2012. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012. Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  16. ^ Bourchier, Daniel (17 April 2009). "Plea for Garuda to retain Darwin flights". Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
  17. ^ "Garuda pulls pin on Darwin after 30 years". Archived from the original on 15 March 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
  18. ^ "Darwin airport master plan approved". 20 December 2010.
  19. ^ Creedy, Steve (12 July 2013). "Malaysia Airlines latest to resume Top End service". The Australian. Retrieved 15 July 2013.(subscription required)
  20. ^ "Jetstar shuts Darwin base as competition grows".
  21. ^ "AirAsia Indonesia resumes flights from Darwin to Bali". www.darwinairport.com.au. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  22. ^ "Singapore Airlines offshoot Silk Air begins flights to Darwin – Executive Traveller". executivetraveller.com. 26 March 2012.
  23. ^ "Prime Minister Tony Abbott officially opens Darwin Airport's expanded terminal". Newsroom. Northern Territory Airports. 9 May 2015. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  24. ^ Andrew Curran (23 March 2020). "Qantas To Operate First Ever Non-Stop Darwin-London Flight". Simple Flying. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Qantas to fly Kangaroo Route from London to Darwin". Archived from the original on 9 October 2021.
  26. ^ John Pike (27 April 2005). "Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  27. ^ "Contact us Archived 8 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Airnorth. Retrieved 10 February 2011. "Administration 4 Lancaster Road MARRARA."
  28. ^ "Darwin Airport completes 4MW large scale solar array". Darwin International Airport. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Annual Report 2016-17". Airport Development Group. p. 13. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Australian Domestic Domestic aviation activity 2018". Bitre.gov.au. March 2019. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  31. ^ "International Airline Activity 2017–18". bitre.gov.au. October 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  32. ^ "Airnorth launches "Centre Run" flights between Darwin and Alice Springs – Australian Aviation". australianaviation.com.au. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  33. ^ "Airnorth connects the Gold Coast and Townsville".
  34. ^ "Airnorth". secure.airnorth.com.au.
  35. ^ Casey, David. "Qantas Launches New International Service From Darwin". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  36. ^ "About Us". allianceairlines.com.au. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  37. ^ "Donghai Airlines plans Darwin debut in late-May 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  38. ^ "QANTAS NORTHERN TERRITORY NETWORK CHANGES". Qantas News Room. 13 November 2018.
  39. ^ "FLYING TOURISM BOOST FOR THE TERRITORY". Qantas News Room. 13 June 2019.
  40. ^ a b "QANTAS ADDS NEW ROUTES FROM DARWIN TO FAR NORTH QUEENSLAND". Qantas News Room. 14 October 2021.
  41. ^ "NEW ROUTES, MORE FLIGHTS AS JETS TO CALL ADELAIDE HOME". Qantas News Room. 7 May 2021.
  42. ^ Andrew (27 February 2022). "Singapore Airlines restarting Darwin flights from 29 March". Mainly Miles.
  43. ^ "Virgin to fly Adelaide-Alice Springs from March 2015". Australian Aviation.
  44. ^ Damian Brett (1 June 2021). "Tasman Cargo launches Changi freighter flights for DHL". Air Cargo News.
  45. ^ "NEW QANTAS FREIGHT SERVICE DIRECTLY LINKS DARWIN WITH HONG KONG". Qantas News Room. 25 July 2018.
  46. ^ a b Accident description for CR-TAI at the Aviation Safety Network
  47. ^ "Thorak History: Dr Klaus Eberhard Thorak". Litchfield Council. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  48. ^ "PK-RDB Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
  49. ^ Australian Transport Safety Bureau "Loss of Control – Embraer S.A. EMB-120ER Brasilia VH-ANB", 23 February 2012

External links[edit]