Darwin central business district

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Darwin city centre
DarwinNorthern Territory
City landscape of Darwin, Northern Territory.jpg
Darwin CBD
Darwin city centre is located in Northern Territory
Darwin city centre
Darwin city centre
Coordinates12°27′39″S 130°50′40″E / 12.460834°S 130.844442°E / -12.460834; 130.844442Coordinates: 12°27′39″S 130°50′40″E / 12.460834°S 130.844442°E / -12.460834; 130.844442[1]
Population6,464 (2016 census)[2]
Territory electorate(s)Port Darwin
Federal division(s)Division of Solomon
Suburbs around Darwin city centre:
The Gardens The Gardens
Stuart Park
Charles Darwin
Larrakeyah Darwin city centre Darwin Harbour
Darwin Harbour Darwin Harbour Darwin Harbour
FootnotesAdjoining suburbs[4][5]

Darwin City (referred to as Darwin city centre or The CBD (Central Business District) is a suburb in metropolitan Darwin which comprises the original settlement, the central business district, parkland and other built-up areas. It is the oldest part of Darwin and includes many of the city's important institutions and landmarks, such as Parliament, Government House, the Northern Territory Supreme Court, Bicentennial Park and the George Brown Darwin Botanic Gardens. The city centre is located in the local government areas of the City of Darwin and the Darwin Waterfront Precinct.[3]

Although the city centre is one of the most developed areas of Darwin, demographically it is one of the less densely populated, due to its core being commercial.


The first British person to see Darwin harbour appears to have been Lieutenant John Lort Stokes of HMS Beagle on 9 September 1839. The ship's captain, Commander John Clements Wickham, named the port after Charles Darwin, the British naturalist who had sailed with them both on the earlier second expedition of the Beagle.

In the early 1870s, Darwin felt the effects of a gold rush at Pine Creek after employees of the Australian Overland Telegraph Line found gold while digging holes for telegraph poles.

On 5 February 1869, George Goyder, the Surveyor General of South Australia, established a small settlement of 135 people at Port Darwin. Goyder named the settlement Palmerston, after the British Prime Minister Lord Palmerston. In 1870, the first poles for the Overland Telegraph were erected in Darwin, connecting Australia to the rest of the world. The discovery of gold at Pine Creek in the 1880s further boosted the young territory's development. Upon Commonwealth administration in 1911, Darwin became the city's official name.


The city centre is bordered by Daly Street to the north and extends east to the Stuart Highway McMinn Street to the east which borders Stuart Park. The border extends and east along Darwin Harbour it extends South the Darwin Waterfront and to the Darwin Convention Centre. It extends West along the Esplande and Bicentennial Park.[6]


According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 6,464 people in Darwin City.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.4% of the population.
  • 41.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 4.7%, Philippines 3.3%, Japan 3.3%, India 2.9% and Taiwan 2.8%.
  • 53.6% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 5.0%, Japanese 3.3%, Nepali 2.2%, Tagalog 1.8% and Korean 1.6%.
  • The most common response for religion was No Religion at 34.9%.[2]


  1. ^ "Place Names Register Extract for "Darwin City"". NT Place Names Register. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Darwin City (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b "Annual Report 2006/2007" (PDF). Darwin Waterfront Corporation. 15 October 2007. p. 3. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Darwin City Council Suburbs" (PDF). Place Names Committee. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Localities within (East Arm) Un-Incorporated area" (PDF). Place Names Committee. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  6. ^ "City of Darwin streets and roads". Archived from the original on 24 May 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.