Daryl Davis

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Daryl Davis
Daryl Davis facing forward, standing in front of microphone
Davis in 2017
Background information
Born (1958-03-26) March 26, 1958 (age 64)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)Musician, author
Instrument(s)
  • Piano
  • vocals
  • keyboards
  • guitar
Years active1980s–present
LabelsLyrad
Websitedaryldavis.com

Daryl Davis (born March 26, 1958) is an American R&B and blues musician and activist.[1] His efforts to fight racism, in which, as an African American, he has engaged with members of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), have convinced a number of Klansmen to leave and denounce the KKK. Known for his energetic style of boogie-woogie piano,[1] Davis has played with such musicians as Chuck Berry,[1][2] Jerry Lee Lewis, B. B. King,[2] and Bruce Hornsby.[3][4]

He is the subject of the 2016 documentary Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America.[5][6]

Early life[edit]

Born in Chicago, Illinois, Davis was the son of a Department of State Foreign Service officer and moved around the world with his parents during most of his early childhood. Living in various foreign countries, including African nations, Davis grew accustomed to the casually integrated schools of foreign diplomats, where children of many nations, races, and cultures were schooled together. At the age of ten, he returned to the United States and joined an all-white Cub Scout pack in Belmont, Massachusetts. In one incident, he was carrying the flag and marching with his troop in a local parade, when he was struck with rocks and bottles thrown from the crowd, leading the pack leaders to form a protective ring around him. Davis did not understand the incident until he discussed it with his father. The irrationality of the incident, in his mind, led to a curiosity about the origins and basis for such racist attitudes, which would later shape much of his future activity.[7][8]

Davis is a Christian.[9]

Music career[edit]

Davis absorbed the style of blues musicians from the Mississippi Delta who had migrated north.[10] In 1980, he earned a bachelor of music degree from Howard University, where he was a member of the Howard University Choir and Jazz Vocal Ensemble. Davis "was mentored by legendary pianists Pinetop Perkins and Johnnie Johnson, who both claimed him as their godson and praised his ability to master a piano style that was popular long before he was born", according to his Kennedy Center profile.[3]

Davis has frequently played backup for Chuck Berry and Jerry Lee Lewis.[1][2][11][12] He was a friend of Muddy Waters and played piano in The Legendary Blues Band.[12] Davis has also performed with blues icon B. B. King.[2]

The musician has played with artists such as Elvis Presley's Jordanaires, The Platters, The Drifters, The Coasters, Bo Diddley,[12] Percy Sledge, and Sam Moore (of Sam & Dave).[10]

He was awarded "Best Traditional Blues/R&B Instrumentalist" at the 2009 Washington Area Music Awards. For several years, Davis served as artistic director of the Centrum Acoustic Blues Festival.[13]

"Davis' piano work impresses with his winning combination of technique and abandon, and his vocals are strong and assured", wrote a reviewer in Living Blues Magazine.[14]

Discography[edit]

  • American Roots (2000)
  • Alternate Routes (2008)
  • Greatest Hits (2011)

Activism[edit]

Davis holding up KKK robes at Blues and Rock for Humanity in November 2017

What I have come to find to be the greatest and most effective and successful weapon that we can use, known to man, to combat such adversaries as ignorance, racism, hatred, violence, is also the least expensive weapon, and the one that is the least used by Americans. That weapon is called communication.

Daryl Davis, "Klan We Talk?", TEDxCapeMay, 9 January 2018.

Davis has worked to improve race relations by seeking out, engaging in dialogue with, and befriending members of the Ku Klux Klan. In 1983, he was playing country western music in a "white" bar in Frederick, Maryland, when a patron came up to him and said it was the first time he had "heard a black man play as well as Jerry Lee Lewis". Davis explained to the man that "Jerry Lee learned to play from black blues and boogie-woogie piano players and he's a friend of mine". The white patron was skeptical and over a drink admitted he was a member of the KKK. The two became friends and eventually the man gave Davis contact information on KKK leaders.[15][16][17]

A few years later, Davis decided that he wanted to interview Klan members and write a book on the subject, to answer a "question in my head from the age of 10: 'Why do you hate me when you know nothing about me?' That question had never been answered from my youth".[18]

In meeting with the Imperial Wizard of the KKK in Maryland, Roger Kelly, Davis concealed his race before the interview.

My secretary called him, and I told her, 'do not tell Roger Kelly I'm black. Just tell him I am writing a book on the Klan'. I wanted her to call because she's white. I knew enough about the mentality of the Klan that they would never think a white woman would work for a black man. She called him and he didn't ask what color I was, so we arranged to meet at a motel.[18]

The meeting was tense. Kelly arrived at the motel with a bodyguard armed with a gun. Davis eventually became friends with Kelly[16][8] and was later invited to be Kelly's daughter's godfather.[8] When Kelly left the Klan, he gave his robe to Davis.[8]

Davis eventually went on to befriend over twenty members of the KKK,[16] and claims to have been directly responsible for between forty and sixty, and indirectly over two hundred people leaving the Klan.[19] Over the course of his activities, Davis found that Klansmen have many misconceptions about black people, stemming mostly from intense brainwashing in their youth. When they got to know him, Davis claims, it was more difficult to maintain their prejudices. The artist has recounted his experiences in his 1998 book, Klan-destine Relationships: A Black Man's Odyssey in the Ku Klux Klan.

One Klansman told Davis that "All black people have a gene in them that makes them violent", based on the scientific finding that a 2-repeat MAOA gene increases the likelihood of violent activity, which was found to be most prevalent in African Americans.[20]

After a time I said, 'You know, it's a fact that all white people have within them a gene that makes them serial killers. Name me three black serial killers'. He could not do it. I said 'you have the gene. It's just latent'. He said, 'Well that's stupid'. I said, 'It's just as stupid as what you said to me'. He was very quiet after that and I know it was sinking in.[21][8]

Klan members have often invited Davis to meetings, and they have given him their robes and hoods.[16] In 2016, Davis estimated having collected 25 or 26 robes.[22]: 1h18m  Among the "Knights of the Ku Klux Klan" he interviewed were Grand Klaliff Chester Doles, Grand Giant Tony LaRicci, and Grand Giant Bob White, according to The Washington Post.[23] One Klan member gave Davis a medallion stamped with the words "KKK—Member in good standing".

Davis claims to be responsible for helping to dismantle the KKK in Maryland because things "fell apart" after he began making inroads with its members there.[16][21] However, since then, the KKK was rebuilt in Maryland [24] under Richard Preston, leader of the Confederate White Knights, who was arrested for firing his gun at counterprotesters at the 2017 Unite the Right rally.[25] Davis offered to post Preston's bail.[26] He later took Preston to the National Museum of African American History. Shortly thereafter, he was asked to give away the bride at Preston's wedding.[27]

"The lesson learned is: ignorance breeds fear", says Davis. "If you don't keep that fear in check, that fear will breed hatred. If you don't keep hatred in check, it will breed destruction".[23]

Chester Doles, a member of the Klan, was convinced that Davis was a spy for the Anti-Defamation League or some other Klan-buster, and some of Davis's friends have found his fascination with the Klan to be odd. "He's attracted to controversy", says Adolph Wright, an old friend and fellow musician who believes Davis is a bit eccentric. "When the crowd goes right, he goes left", Wright told the Post.[23]

Davis's father, retired senior Foreign Service officer William B. Davis, believed that his son engaged with the Klan because he needed to make sense of their hatred, to seek common ground. He remarked to The Washington Post that his son "has done something that I don't know any other black American, or white American, has done".[23]

Accidental Courtesy documentary[edit]

In the 2016 documentary film Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America, Davis interacts with KKK members and white Aryans and provides contrasting views of his activities from members of the Southern Poverty Law Center and Black Lives Matter.[28]

Minds social network[edit]

Daryl Davis is an official advisor to the decentralized social network Minds.[29][30] He uses the platform to educate people on how to conduct civil discourse to find common ground and build tolerance.[30]

In an interview with Forbes, Davis said "…here [at Minds] you have an open forum where people are welcomed to bring their diverse ideas, even their beliefs, which people may not find popular and have civil discourse…the art of conversing with one another has been lost… This forum will allow people to come on there and be able to be transparent, to have conversation unlike some of the other platforms on the internet".[31]

Davis believes education is the best remedy for curing hate: "[If] you fix the ignorance, there's nothing to fear. If there's nothing to fear, there's nothing to hate. If there's nothing to hate, there's nothing or no one to destroy".[32]

In November 2019, Minds and Davis launched the Deradicalization Initiative to combat online extremism.[33][29] In addition to workshops, meetups, and other live events, the initiative offers educational resources and ideas for promoting tolerance.[34]

Changing Minds podcast[edit]

As part of the Deradicalization Initiative, Davis runs a podcast called Changing Minds. The show covers a wide range of topics, including politics, music, and race. Guests are equally diverse and have included notable figures such as:

Acting[edit]

Davis has acted on stage, film, and television. He played a minor character in HBO's television series The Wire. He appeared on stage in William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life with Marcia Gay Harden, Brigid Cleary, and Richard Bauer, and in Elvis Mania at an off-Broadway theater in New York City. He received positive reviews for his role in Zora Neal Hurston's Polk County.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Class of 88 – Celebrating Chuck Berry: Jon Carroll, Daryl Davis & Josh Christina... April 17, 2017," Archived 2018-10-30 at the Wayback Machine, Institute of Musical Traditions (public-funded), Takoma Park, Maryland, (includes "a picture of Class of 88 Performer Daryl Davis performing with rock icon, Chuck Berry"*). Retrieved March 29, 2017 (NOTE: This photo also appears at the "Go Ahead On!" blog, April 2010).
  2. ^ a b c d Davis, Daryl, "It was my dream to meet Chuck Berry_ Then I got to perform with him for 30 years", March 28, 2017, The Washington Post. Retrieved March 29, 2017 (includes photos of Davis performing with Berry).
  3. ^ a b "Profile of Daryl Davis Band". Kennedy-Center.org. The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015.
  4. ^ "The Silver Dollar Lounge (story on Daryl Davis)". National Public Radio(NPR).
  5. ^ "Website for Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America". Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  6. ^ "Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America (2016)". IMDb.com. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  7. ^ Davis, Daryl, speaking in PBS TV Independent Lens documentary film Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America, aired on PBS television network February 13, 2017, and subsequently; viewed February 18, 2017
  8. ^ a b c d e Fleishman, Jeffrey, "A black man's quixotic quest to quell the racism of the KKK, one robe at a time," December 8, 2016, Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 18, 2017
  9. ^ Morefield, Kenneth R. (March 24, 2016). "An African American Confronts the Klan in Accidental Courtesy". Christianity today. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Music Biography". DarylDavis.com.
  11. ^ Davis, Daryl, "Chuck Berry In Concert – 10/22/10 Strathmore Music Center Rockville, MD, (and Bo, and Jerry Lee, and Nat, and Jimmy, and More)", Go Head On!: The Art, Rock and Influence of Chuck Berry blog, November 2010, Davis' own first-person account of performing with Chuck Berry (with photos showing them playing together). Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c Malitz, David, "Playing Your Song," June 15, 2007, The Washington Post. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  13. ^ "Daryl Davis, Artistic Director". Centrum.org. Centrum Foundation.
  14. ^ "Reviews and Quotes". DarylDavis.com.
  15. ^ Savastio, Rebecca (November 20, 2013). "KKK Member Walks up to Black Musician in Bar-but It's Not a Joke, and What Happens Next Will Astound You". Guardian Liberty Voice.
  16. ^ a b c d e Friedersdorf, Conor, "The Audacity of Talking About Race With the Ku Klux Klan," March 27, 2015, The Atlantic. Retrieved February 18, 2017
  17. ^ Radford, Benjamin (2018). "Critical Thinking Approaches to Confronting Racism". Skeptical Inquirer. 42 (1): 31. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Davis, Daryl. "Why I, as a black man, attend KKK rallies". TEDx. Naperville. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018.
  19. ^ Howard, Russell, "The Russell Howard Hour" Series 1, Episode 7 November 2, 2017, Sky UK.
  20. ^ Barnes, JC (2014). "The 2-repeat allele of the MAOA gene confers an increased risk for shooting and stabbing behaviors". The Psychiatric Quarterly. 85 (3): 257–65. doi:10.1007/s11126-013-9287-x. PMID 24326626. S2CID 23427425.
  21. ^ a b O'Brien, Robert (November 25, 2013). "Here's the Black Blues Musician Who "Dismantled the Entire KKK in MD"". Baltimore Fishbowl.
  22. ^ Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America, 2016.
  23. ^ a b c d Massey, Bob (July 5, 1998). "Dancing with the Devil". The Washington Post.
  24. ^ "Active Hate Groups in the United States in 2015". SPL center. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  25. ^ Rentz, Catherine. "Baltimore Klansman tried to rebrand the KKK. Now he awaits trial in Charlottesville shooting". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  26. ^ Ward, Justin (June 29, 2018). "Daryl Davis makes a new friend". Medium. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  27. ^ Simon, Mallory. "Why a KKK wizard went to the crucible of black history". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  28. ^ "Accidental Courtesy: Daryl Davis, Race & America". IMDb. December 9, 2016.
  29. ^ a b "144: Daryl Davis and Bill Ottman". The Blockchain Show. Minds. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  30. ^ a b "How the far-right harnessed tech in the lead-up to the Capitol riot". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  31. ^ Asare, Janice Gassam. "How Daryl Davis Inspired More Than 200 White Supremacists To Change And How His New Platform Will Help Spark Meaningful Dialogue". Forbes. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  32. ^ Duwe, Morena (March 18, 2020). "Daryl Davis: the black musician who converts Ku Klux Klan members". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  33. ^ Wallen, Jack (June 25, 2020). "Is Minds the social networking site we've been waiting for?". TechRepublic. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  34. ^ "Get involved // Minds Deradicalization". @change. Minds. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  35. ^ "Reformed Racists: Is There Life After Hate for Former White Supremacists?". PBS-TV. February 9, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  36. ^ "Once a Qaeda Recruiter, Now a Voice Against Jihad". New York Times. August 29, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  37. ^ "Chuck Berry's Son Remembers Rock Pioneer: 'He Was Inspirational'". Rolling Stone. March 19, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  38. ^ "Daryl Davis – Actor Resume". DarylDavis.com.

External links[edit]