Daspalla State

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Daspalla State
ଦଶପଲ୍ଲା / दस्पल्ला
Princely State of British India
1498–1948

Flag of Daspalla

Flag

Location of Daspalla
Daspalla State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1498
 •  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 1,471 km2 (568 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 51,987 
Density 35.3 /km2  (91.5 /sq mi)

Daspalla State (Odia: ଦଶପଲ୍ଲା; Hindi: दस्पल्ला) was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. Its capital was Kunjabangarh, located in present-day Nayagarh district, Odisha.

Daspalla was formed during the last part of 15th century after being separated from Baudh State. Records found at Baudh state reveal that Daspalla was founded in 1498 by Naran Bhanj, a younger son of Raja Narayan Bhanj Deo of Baudh, during the reign of Siddya Bhanj.

History[edit]

Available records in writings and books reveal that at first there was no such place known as Daspalla. Rather it was a part of Baudh State ruled by the Bhanj dynasty of Rajput kings. During the rule of Bira Bhanj there was a rift in between Bira Bhanj and his cousin, Sal Bhanj. The dissident Sal Banj left Baudh and went to meet the Gajapati King of Puri through the ages old Jagannath Sadak. While resting with his followers at Padmatola Ghat, the king of Nayagarh got the news and made alliance with Sal Bhanj and declared him the king of that area. Getting the news, Bir Bhanj of Baudh got angry and sent troops to capture Sal Bhanj. But the troops of Baudh got defeated at the hands of Sal Bhanj and Nayagarh soldiers. As Sal Bhanj got Yasha (Fame) he named his kingdom as Yashpalla or Daspalla. Other historians tell that king Sal Bhanj had only das (Oriya for 10) Pallies (villages) so Daspalli got renamed as Daspalla. This incident took place in 1495. King Sal Bhanj ruled for 3 years only and then his son Naran Bhanj ascended the throne.

The headquarters of Daspalla State changed from Badmul to Gania, Gania to Madhyakhand, Madhyakhand to Puruna Daspalla. The ninth king of Daspalla Padmanav Bhanj, during hunting, saw a wonderful thing that a wild dove was hunting and defeating a Chhanchan (Bird of prey) so he thought the place a heroic one and decided to change his capital to that place. At that time there was a Kandha chieftain named Kunj Malik. King Padmanav Bhanj defeated Kunj Malik and established his capital there, naming it as Kunjabangarh after the name of Kunja Malik.[1]

At the time of the British Raj Daspalla was one among the 26 feudatory states of Odisha. The instrument of accession to the Indian Union was signed by the last ruler of the state on 1 January 1948.[2]

Rulers[edit]

Guri Charan Deo Bhanj was crowned ruler in 1803. He was succeeded by a line of titular Rajas.[3]

  • 1653 – 1701 Chakradhar Deo Bhanj
  • 1701 – 1753 Padmanav Deo Bhanj
  • 1753 – 1775 Trilochan Deo Bhanj
  • 1775 – 1795 Makunda Bhank Deo Bhanj
  • 1795 – 1805 Guri Charan Deo Bhanj
  • 1805 – 1845 Krishna Chanda Deo Bhanj
  • 1845 – 1861 Madhusudan Deo Bhanj
  • 1861 – Jan 1873 Narsimha Deo Bhanj
  • 28 Jan 1873 – 21 May 1874 Chaitan Deo Bhanj (b. 1854 – d. ....)

Rajas[edit]

  • 21 May 1874 – 1896 Chaitan Deo Bhanj (s.a.)
  • 1896 – 11 Dec 1913 Narayan Deo Bhanj (b. 1860 – d. 1913)
  • 11 Dec 1913 – 15 Aug 1947 Kishor Chandra Deo Bhanj (b. 1908 – d. 1960)
  • 11 Dec 1913 – 3 Mar 1930 .... -Regent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°21′N 84°51′E / 20.350°N 84.850°E / 20.350; 84.850