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Data Observation Network for Earth (DataONE)[1] is a platform for innovative, collaborative environmental and ecological science, using sustainable cyberinfrastructure and a distributed framework to provide open, robust, persistent and secure access to Earth observational data. Supported by funding from the National Science Foundation as one of the initial DataNet programs in 2009,[2] DataONE works to ensure the preservation, access, use, and reuse of multi-discipline scientific data through the construction of primary cyberinfrastructure elements and the expansion of a broad and relevant education and outreach program. Currently in its second phase of funding, DataONE provides scientific data archiving for ecological and environmental data produced by scientists worldwide. DataONE's stated goal is to preserve and provide access to multi-scale, multi-discipline, and multi-national data. The global community of users for DataONE includes scientists, ecosystem managers, policy makers, students, educators, librarians, and the public.

DataONE links together existing cyberinfrastructure to provide a distributed framework, sound management, and robust technologies that enable long-term preservation of diverse multi-scale, multi-discipline, and multi-national observational data. The distributed framework is composed of Coordinating Nodes currently located at the Oak Ridge Campus at Tennessee, University of California Santa Barbara, and University of New Mexico, and many Member Nodes, located globally. DataONE also provides resources including: an Investigator Tool Kit [3] that gives the DataONE users community tools for accessing and using DataONE efficiently.

Coordinating nodes[edit]

The three Coordinating Nodes provide network-wide services to Member Nodes. They are geographically replicated, with mirrored content and full copies of science metadata. The three Coordinating Nodes are:

Member nodes[edit]

The Member Nodes consist of Earth observing institutions, projects, and networks. They provide resources for their own data and replicated data, and focus on serving their specific constituencies. These member nodes are geographically distributed and consist of diverse implementations. Current Member Nodes include:

Investigator Tool Kit[edit]

The Tool Kit provides tools for researchers to access DataONE. These are both general purpose and discipline-specific tools, and DataONE developers adapt existing tools where possible. The Tool Kit includes Java and Python libraries, an R programming language plug-in for analysis, extensions for Excel, the VisTrails scientific workflow, and the Kepler scientific workflow system.

Data management[edit]

DataONE provides a place for scientists to store data and its associated metadata. The metadata makes this data searchable and accessible to other scientists. Data management practices include

  • Data management planning
  • Data acquisition (techniques, protocols, methods)
  • Data protection (backing up)
  • Data entry and manipulation (naming files, organization) Matlab, R
  • Quality control on data
  • Data analysis
  • Workflow tools (VisTrails, Kepler scientific workflow system)
  • Data documentation (metadata)
  • Data sharing, citation, and discovery
  • Data preservation & curation

Some of the additional data management planning resources include: a primer for best practices, a database for best practices in data management, educational modules and tutorials, webinars, and an investigator toolkit. Many of these resources have been used and/or adapted for use under Creative Commons license by organizations and institutions that seek to educate other communities about data and research management. Understanding different audiences of users led to the development of possible user personas [2] as models for users such as early-career researchers, science data librarians, citizen scientists, K-12 educators, and others.


DataONE collaborates with other institutions to bring together tools that help with good, sustainable data management practices. One of those tools, developed in collaboration with other organizations and hosted by the University of California Digital Curation Center, is the DMPTool for data management planning.[3] The DMP Tool is used by and referenced by many research data management plans and institutions in the US and around the world. Another recent collaboration in this area is the shared construction of a Data Management Training Clearinghouse for Earth sciences, in partnership with USGS and the Community for Data Integration (CDI). [4]

DataONE community[edit]

The DataONE community includes research networks, professional societies, libraries, academic institutions, data centers, data repositories, environmental observatory networks, educators, scientists, policy makers, administrators, citizen scientists, international organizations, NGOs, ecosystem managers, students, private companies and the public.

DataONE has an active worldwide users group (called the DUG for "DataONE Users Group") that represents a wide range of diverse stakeholders. The DUG meets on an annual basis in the summer and provides feedback from users to DataONE that guides areas of interest for future work and helps DataONE to reach its stated goals.[33]


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  3. ^ "Investigator Toolkit". DataONE. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  4. ^ "New Mexico's Flagship University | The University of New Mexico". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  5. ^ "Home - University of California, Santa Barbara". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  6. ^ "Welcome to eBird". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  7. ^ "Dryad Digital Repository - Dryad". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  8. ^ "Earth Data Analysis Center | Center for Geospatial & Information Technology Services". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  9. ^ "Environmental Data for the Oak Ridge Area : Search". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  10. ^ "ESA Data Registry". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  11. ^ "Taking Europe's pulse - Research for our continent's future — LTER in Europe". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  12. ^ "GLEON". GLEON. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  13. ^ "Gulf of Alaska Data Portal". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  14. ^ "The IARC Data Archive at UAF, an AA/EO employer and educational institution". 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  15. ^ "Cumulative human impacts data (2008 and 2013) Halpern B, et al. 2015" (JSP). Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  16. ^ The Long Term Ecological Research Network. "The Long Term Ecological Research Network | Long-term, broad-scale research to understand our world". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  17. ^ "UC3 Merritt Home :". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  18. ^ "MPC Data Projects". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  19. ^ "Current Member Nodes". DataONE. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  20. ^ "Nevada Research Data Center". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  21. ^ "Current Member Nodes". DataONE. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  22. ^ "Dash". Archived from the original on 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  23. ^ "ORNL DAAC for Biogeochemical Dynamics". doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.11.016. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  24. ^ "Pisco | Pisco". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  25. ^ "Regional and Global Data Available Through Mercury". 2010-03-18. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.11.016. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  26. ^ "South African National Parks - SANParks - Official Website - Accommodation, Activities, Prices, Reservations". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  27. ^ "SEAD | A Knowledge Network for Collaboration, Data Curation, and Discovery". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  28. ^ "TFRI Metacat Data Catalog". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  29. ^ "Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network: Home". TERN. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  30. ^ "KU Biodiversity Institute & Natural History Museum". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  31. ^ "USA National Phenology Network | USA National Phenology Network". 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  32. ^ "U.S. Geological Survey Science Data Catalog". Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  33. ^ "Users Group". DataONE. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 

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