Date, Fukushima

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Date

伊達市
Date City Hall
Date City Hall
Flag of Date
Flag
Official seal of Date
Seal
Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
Date is located in Japan
Date
Date
 
Coordinates: 37°49′8.9″N 140°33′46.7″E / 37.819139°N 140.562972°E / 37.819139; 140.562972Coordinates: 37°49′8.9″N 140°33′46.7″E / 37.819139°N 140.562972°E / 37.819139; 140.562972
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureFukushima
Area
 • Total265.12 km2 (102.36 sq mi)
Population
(March 31, 2018)
 • Total61,207
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePinus densiflora
- FlowerPeach
- BirdWagtail
Phone number024-575-2570
Address180 Hobaramachi aza Funabashi, Date-shi, Fukushima-ken 960-0692
WebsiteOfficial website

Date (伊達市, Date-shi) is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2018, the city had an estimated population of 61,207 in 22,590 households and a population density of 230 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 265.10 square kilometres (102.36 sq mi).[1]

Geography[edit]

Date occupies the eastern half of the Fukushima Basin in northern Fukushima prefecture, with Miyagi Prefecture on its northern border. The area was once noted for sericulture.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Date has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Date is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,227 mm (48.3 in) with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.5 °C (77.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 1.4 °C (34.5 °F).[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] , the population of Date has declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 73,767
1980 74,186
1990 74,200
2000 71,817
2010 66,027

History[edit]

The area of present-day Date was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and was the ancestral home of the Date clan, which rose to prominence from the Kamakura period, and which ruled Sendai Domain during the Edo period. Under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, most of the area was initially part of Yonezawa Domain, followed by Fukushima Domain and Yanagawa Domain before becoming tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate, and was not part of the Date clan territories. After the Meiji Restoration, the area was organized as part of Nakadōri region of Iwaki Province, and administratively into numerous villages with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1898. On April 1, 1940, the village of Nagaoka became the town of Date.

The modern city of Date was established on January 1, 2006, from the merger of the towns of Date with Hobara, Ryōzen, Tsukidate and Yanagawa (all from Date District). The central locality is former Hobara.

A whole body skeleton of Paleoparadoxia was excavated in Yanagawa on August 21, 1984. The skeleton is named the “Yanagawa Specimen”.

Date is about 60 kilometres (37 miles) north-west of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, the site of the nuclear accident that followed the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Although outside the nuclear accident exclusion zone, the levels of radiation in the city caused residents, and especially schoolchildren, to remain indoors.[4]

Government[edit]

Date has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 25 members.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Date is primarily agricultural, with an emphasis on rice and horticulture. The area is noted for its peaches and dried persimmons. Taiyo Yuden operates a CD and DVD production plant in the Yanagawa Industrial Zone in Date, Fukushima.

Education[edit]

Date has 22 public elementary schools and six public junior high schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Fukushima Prefectural Board of Education. The city also has one private high school

  • Fukushima Prefectural Hobara High School
  • Fukushima Prefectural Yanagawa High School
  • Seiko Gakuin High School

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Ryōzen Shrine
  • Mt. Ryōzen
  • site of Takakogaoka Castle, the original home of the Date Clan
  • Takako Lake
  • site of Yanagawa Castle, constructed by the Date Clan and once home to Date Masamune[5]
  • Yanagawa Hachiman Shrine, where Date Masamune prayed for victory in battle[6]

International relations[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Date, Fukushima at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Date official home page" (in Japanese). Japan: Date city.
  2. ^ Date climate data
  3. ^ Date population statistics
  4. ^ Takahiko Hyuga and Shigeru Sato (11 May 2011). "Fukushima Students Wear Masks as Radiation Looms". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  5. ^ "梁川城跡及び庭園 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ". www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  6. ^ "旧梁川八幡宮並びに別当寺境域 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ". www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-11-13.