Date City, Fukushima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Date

伊達市
Date City Hall
Date City Hall
Flag of Date
Flag
Official seal of Date
Seal
Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
Date is located in Japan
Date
Date
 
Coordinates: 37°49′8.9″N 140°33′46.7″E / 37.819139°N 140.562972°E / 37.819139; 140.562972Coordinates: 37°49′8.9″N 140°33′46.7″E / 37.819139°N 140.562972°E / 37.819139; 140.562972
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureFukushima
Area
 • Total265.12 km2 (102.36 sq mi)
Population
 (March 31, 2018)
 • Total61,207
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePinus densiflora
- FlowerPeach
- BirdWagtail
Phone number024-575-2570
Address180 Hobaramachi aza Funabashi, Date-shi, Fukushima-ken 960-0692
WebsiteOfficial website

Date (伊達市, Date-shi) is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2018, the city had an estimated population of 61,207 in 22,590 households and a population density of 230 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 265.10 square kilometres (102.36 sq mi).[1]

Geography[edit]

Date occupies the eastern half of the Fukushima Basin in northern Fukushima prefecture, with Miyagi Prefecture on its northern border. The area was once noted for sericulture but transitioned to fruit cultivation during the Taisho Era. It is currently organized into the five former towns of Date, Hobara, Yanagawa, Ryozen, and Tsukidate, each of which retain numerous unique traditions and events. Hobara is the central area, where the municipal government is based.[2]

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Date has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Date is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,227 mm (48.3 in) with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.5 °C (77.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 1.4 °C (34.5 °F).[3]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] , the population of Date has declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 73,767
1980 74,186
1990 74,200
2000 71,817
2010 66,027

History[edit]

The first humans to live within the bounds of present-day Date City are thought to have arrived during the Paleolithic Period.

The area was part of ancient Mutsu Province. Towards the end of the Heian Period, Shinobu-gun (present day Fukushima City) and Date-gun (encompassing not only present day Date City, but also Koori Town to the North and Kawamata Town to the South) were awarded to Date Tomomune.[5] Tomomune founded the Date clan in present day Hobara. The 17th lord of the Date Clan, Date Masamune lost control of the area and went on to found the Sendai Clan and the City of Sendai.[5]

The clan continued to rule over the Sendai Domain during the Edo period. Under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, most of the area of Date was initially part of Yonezawa Domain, followed by Fukushima Domain and Yanagawa Domain before becoming tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate. It was not part of the Date Clan's territories. After the Meiji Restoration, the area was organized as part of Nakadōri region of Iwaki Province.

As of 1889, the area consisted of 21 towns and villages. Between the years 1955 and 1960, these were consolidated into the five towns of Date (formerly the villages of Nagaoka and Fushiguro), Hobara (formerly the town of Hobara and the villages of Ooda, Kamihobara, Hashirazawa, and Tominari), Ryōzen (formerly the villages of Ryozen, Kakeda, Oguni, and Ishido), Tsukidate (formerly the villages of Ote and Otegawa), and Yanagawa (formerly the town of Yanagawa and the villages of Awano, Sekimoto, Shirane, Ooeda, Isazawa, Tomino, and Yamafunyuu), which merged to create the modern city of Date on January 1, 2006.[5]

A whole body skeleton of Paleoparadoxia was excavated in Yanagawa on August 21, 1984. The skeleton is named the “Yanagawa Specimen”.

Date is about 60 kilometres (37 miles) north-west of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, the site of the nuclear accident that followed the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Although outside the nuclear accident exclusion zone, the levels of radiation in the city caused residents, and especially children, to remain indoors.[6]

In 2016 an anime was produced in promotion of the city. Masamune Datenicle (政宗ダテニクル) features a young Date Masamune who meets a dragon deity that gives him the ability to call upon former leaders of the Date Clan. [7]

Government[edit]

Date has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 25 members.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Date is primarily agricultural, with an emphasis on rice and horticulture. The area is noted for its peaches and dried persimmons. Taiyo Yuden operates a CD and DVD production plant in the Yanagawa Industrial Zone in Date, Fukushima.

Peaches[edit]

Date City's location in central Fukushima (nakadori), in the middle of Fukushima Basin, helps in the cultivation of peaches. The most common varieties grown in the area are Akatsuki, Kawanakajima, and Yuuzora.[8]

Dried Persimmons[edit]

As sericulture lost its place in the area during the Taisho Era, the former village of Isazawa in Yanagawa replaced it with the production of dried persimmons, among other industries. Dried persimmons had been produced in the area since the Edo Period. However, the addition of sulfur fumigation as was used in the production of raisins in the United States, allowed for a much sweeter product. Whereas traditional dried persimmons, hoshigaki, have a tough skin and are almost black in color, those created with the additional step of sulfur fumigation, called anpogaki or tsurushigaki, are soft and bright orange.

Anpogaki

Although the production of anpogaki was halted for three years after the 2011 disaster, Date City's persimmon orchards have since been decontaminated and testing machines have been installed, ensuring the safety of the final product.[9]

Education[edit]

Date has 22 public elementary schools and six public junior high schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Fukushima Prefectural Board of Education. The city also has one private high school

  • Fukushima Prefectural Hobara High School
  • Fukushima Prefectural Yanagawa High School
  • Seiko Gakuin High School

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Saitou Hikonai (斎藤彦内, 1709-1750) was a farmer and the leader of a peasants' revolt.
  • Seishiro Okazaki (January 28, 1890 – July 12, 1951) was a Japanese American healer, martial artist, and the founder of Danzan-ryū jujitsu. Born in the former village of Kakeda,he immigrated to Hawaii in 1906.[12]
  • Yahei Miura (弥平三浦, 1895-1971) was a long-distance runner and Olympic athlete.

International relations[edit]


External links[edit]

Media related to Date, Fukushima at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Date official home page" (in Japanese). Japan: Date city.
  2. ^ "歴史めぐりマップ 生誕七百年 北畠顕家卿" (PDF). Date-shi.jp. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  3. ^ Date climate data
  4. ^ Date population statistics
  5. ^ a b c "伊達市の歴史 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ". www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  6. ^ Takahiko Hyuga and Shigeru Sato (11 May 2011). "Fukushima Students Wear Masks as Radiation Looms". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Gainax Fukushima's Masamune Datenicle Web Series Holds 1st Talk Event in Tokyo". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  8. ^ "伊達のもも - 福島県伊達市ホームページ". www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  9. ^ "Update from Coordinator for International Relations December 2017・国際交流員日記12月2017年 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ". www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  10. ^ 梁川城跡及び庭園 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ. www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  11. ^ 旧梁川八幡宮並びに別当寺境域 - 福島県伊達市ホームページ. www.city.fukushima-date.lg.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  12. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  13. ^ "Guyana signals intent for Tokyo 2020 Olympics cultural exchange". Sports Hub GY. 2019-07-26. Retrieved 2019-08-28.