Date and time notation in Nepal

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Nepal uses both the DMY and YMD format when writing dates, and uses 12-hour format for time.

Date and time notation in Nepal
Full date28 May 2023
२८ मे २०२३
All-numeric date28/05/2023
Time9:45 pm [refresh]


YYYY-MM-DD is official date format for the Bikram Sambat calendar used in Nepal. While speaking and writing full BS dates, the mmmm d, yyyy format is often used alongside the yyyy mmmm d format. For instance, the 23rd of Chaitra, 2077 BS can be spoken and written as Chaitra 23, 2077 (चैत २३, २०७७) or 2077 Chaitra 23 (२०७७ चैत २३). An example of Vikram Samvat YYYY-MM-DD usage used is the online news portal Onlinekhabar.[1] When using the Gregorian calendar, both YYYY-MM-DD (2023-05-28) and DD/MM/YYYY (28/05/2023) format can be used. While the DMY format (28 May 2023) is used when writing full Gregorian dates, the MDY format (May 28, 2023) is also acceptable. All government documents need to be filled up in the YYYY-MM-DD format.[2] A week starts on a Sunday (आइतबार) and ends on a Saturday (शनिबार).[3]

Nepali months and days[edit]


The names of months in the Vikram Samvat in Nepali with their roughly corresponding Gregorian months are given below.

Month Gregorian
बैशाख April – May
जेठ May – June
असार June – July
श्रावण July – August
भदौ August – September
आश्विन September – October
कार्तिक October – November
मंसिर November – December
पुष December – January
माघ January – February
फाल्गुन February – March
चैत्र March – April


The names of days in Nepali alongside their corresponding English days are given below:

Nepali English
आइतबार Sunday
सोमबार Monday
मंगलबार Tuesday
बुधबार Wednesday
बिहिबार Thursday
शुक्रबार Friday
शनिबार Saturday


The 12-hour notation (9:45 pm) is widely used in daily life, written communication, and is used in spoken language. The 24-hour notation (21:45) is used only in rare situations where there would be widespread ambiguity. Examples include plane departure and landing timings. A colon is widely used to separate hours, minutes and seconds (e.g., 14:39:16).


  1. ^ "सरकारसँग मिलेर जलविद्युतमा लगानी गर्ने हो ? यसरी भर्नुहोस् अनलाइन फारम". Onlinekhabar. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Passport Application Form" (PDF). Department Of Passports. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Days of the week". Nepalgo. Retrieved 25 December 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]