Daulat Singh Kothari

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Daulat Singh Kothari
Daulat Singh Kothari 2011 stamp of India.jpg
Kothari on a 2011 stamp of India
Born6 July 1906
Died4 February 1993 (aged 86)
Delhi, India

Daulat Singh Kothari (6 July 1906 – 4 February 1993) was an eminent Indian scientist and educationist.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

D. S. Kothari was born in Udaipur in Rajasthan on 6 July 1906.[1] He had his early education at Udaipur and Indore and received a master's degree in physics from Allahabad University in 1928 under guidance of Meghnad Saha. For his PhD, Kothari worked at the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge under the supervision of Ernest Rutherford, to whom he was recommended by Meghnad Saha.

Role as an educationist[edit]

After his return to India, he worked at the Kaiden University from 1934 to 1961 in various capacities as reader, professor and Head of the Department of Physics. He was scientific advisor to Ministry of Defence from 1948 to 1961 and was then appointed as chairman of the University Grants Commission in 1961 where he worked till 1973.[1] He was the chairman of the Indian Education Commission of 1964–66, popularly known as Kothari Commission, which was the first ad hoc commission set up in India for the modernization and standardization of education in India.[2][3]

Achievements and honours[edit]

D. S. Kothari was president of the Indian Science Congress at its golden jubilee session in 1963. He was elected President of Indian National Science Academy in 1973. His research on statistical thermodynamics and his Theory of White Dwarf Stars gave him an international reputation.[1]

The Padma Bhushan was conferred on him in 1962, and the Padma Vibhushan in 1973.[4] He was also listed as a "Proud Past Alumni" by the "Allahabad University Alumni Association.[5][6][7] In 2011, the Department of Posts issued a commemorative stamp in his honour. He was conferred Atmaram Award in 1990 by the Central Hindi Directorate, Ministry of Human Resource Development.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Daulat Singh Kothari – The Architect of Defence Science in India. vigyanprasar.gov.in
  2. ^ J C Aggarwal (2009). Landmarks In The History Of Modern Indian Education, 6E. Vikas Publishing House. p. 626. ISBN 9788125924029.
  3. ^ "Indian Education Commission 1964-66". PB Works. 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ "He is Proud Past Alumni Allahabad University". Allahabad university Alumni Association
  6. ^ "Allahbad University Alumni Association : Our Proud Past". 15 January 2008. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008.
  7. ^ "Our Proud Past". 7 July 2012. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012.
  8. ^ "List of Awardees". Khsindia. Retrieved 26 January 2019.