Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
|Founded||March 4, 1785|
|Named for||Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France|
|• Total||558 sq mi (1,450 km2)|
|• Land||525 sq mi (1,360 km2)|
|• Water||33 sq mi (90 km2) 5.9%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||528/sq mi (204/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Designated||December 9, 1982|
Dauphin County // is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 268,100. The county seat and the largest city is Harrisburg, Pennsylvania's state capital and tenth largest city. The county was created ("erected") on March 4, 1785, from part of Lancaster County and was named after Louis-Joseph, Dauphin of France, the first son of king Louis XVI.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Metropolitan Statistical Area
- 4 Politics and government
- 5 Education
- 6 Economy
- 7 Recreation
- 8 Communities
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 558 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 525 square miles (1,360 km2) is land and 33 square miles (85 km2) (5.9%) is water. The county is bound to its western border by the Susquehanna River. It has a humid continental climate (Dfa except for some Dfb in highlands) and the hardiness zone ranges from 6a to 7a. The area code is 717 with an overlay of 223.
- Northumberland County (north)
- Schuylkill County (northeast)
- Lebanon County (east)
- Lancaster County (south)
- York County (southwest)
- Cumberland County (west)
- Perry County (west)
- Juniata County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 census, the county was 72.7% White, 18.0% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.2% Asian, and 3.1% were two or more races. 7.0% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 251,798 people, 102,670 households, and 66,119 families residing in the county. The population density was 479 people per square mile (185/km²). There were 111,133 housing units at an average density of 212 per square mile (82/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.11% White, 16.91% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.97% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. 4.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.2% were of German, 7.5% Irish, 7.3% American and 7.2% Italian ancestry. 91.8% spoke English and 3.9% Spanish as their first language.
According to 2005 estimates, 73.9% of the county's population was non-Hispanic whites. 17.8% of the population was African-Americans. 2.5% were Asians. Latinos now were 5.0% of the population.
In 2000 there were 102,670 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.60% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.60% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males.
A study by Echelon Insights found Dauphin County to be the most typical county in America, with its 2016 presidential vote, median income, higher education rate, and religiosity all very close to the national averages.
- County poverty demographics
According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative Agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for Dauphin County was 13.4% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Central Dauphin School District - 39.3% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level; Derry Township School District - 14.3, Halifax Area School District - 30.8, Harrisburg City School District - 89.7%, Lower Dauphin School District - 20.0%, Middletown Area School District - 38.9, Millersburg Area School District - 38.9%, Steelton-Highspire School District - 74.8%, Susquehanna Township School District - 35.5% and Millersburg Area School District - 33.8%.
- Live Birth rate
Dauphin County's live birth rate was 3,688 births in 1990. The County's live birth rate in 2000 was 3,137 births, while in 2011 it was 3,439 babies. Over the past 50 years (1960 to 2010), rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Dauphin County as the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 5th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 96th most populous in the United States with a population of 549,475. Dauphin County is also a part of the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Dauphin County as well as Adams, Cumberland, Lebanon, Perry and York Counties in Pennsylvania. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 5th in the State of Pennsylvania and 43rd most populous in the United States with a population of 1,219,422.
Politics and government
Like most of the rest of the Susquehanna Valley, Dauphin County was once reliably Republican. However, there has been a decided shift toward the Democrats in national and statewide elections in recent years, who overtook the Republican countywide registration during the summer of 2008. Bob Casey Jr. carried the county in the 2006 Senate election when he unseated Rick Santorum. According to the Dauphin County Board of Elections, in 2008 Barack Obama became the first Democratic presidential candidate to carry Dauphin County since 1964, receiving 9.0% more of the vote than John McCain. It was also only the third time Dauphin County had supported a Democrat for president since 1936. Obama won Dauphin with a slightly reduced majority in 2012, while Hillary Clinton won it with a narrow plurality in 2016. It is now one of the few blue counties in traditionally heavily Republican south-central Pennsylvania.
Nonetheless, the GOP still holds all of the county row offices, as well as a majority on the county commission. All but one state house seat is in Republican hands, as well as both of the state senate seats and all three congressional seats. Most local elected officials are also Republican, by a margin of 3 to 1. This is because most Democratic strength is concentrated in Harrisburg, while the suburbs and rural areas remain heavily Republican.
- Jeffrey Haste, Chairman, Republican
- Michael Pries, Vice Chairman, Republican
- George P. Hartwick III, Secretary, Democrat
In December 2015, the Commissioners adopted a new $5 per year car registration fee. The funds to be used for development programs. The County receives substantial dollars from the taxes on Gaming ($6.4 million in 2015). The commissioners disperse these funds for community projects and development on an annual basis. The county also levies an annual property tax. Real estate tax levy is 6.876 millage.
- $243 million (2016)
- $187 million (2014)
- $193 million (2013)
- $119,417,496 (2010–11)
- $119,923,654 (2009–10)
Other county offices
- Clerk of Courts, Dale Klein, Republican
- Controller, Timothy DeFoor, Republican
- Coroner, Graham Hetrick, Republican
- District Attorney, Fran Chardo, Republican
- Prothonotary, Matt Krupp, Republican
- Recorder of Deeds, Jim Zugay, Republican
- Register of Wills and Clerk of the Orphans' Court, Jean Marfizo King, Republican
- Sheriff, Nick Chimienti, Republican
- Treasurer, Janis Creason, Republican
- Solicitor, Joseph A. Curcillo, III, Esquire
Colleges and universities
Public school districts
- Central Dauphin School District
- Derry Township School District
- Halifax Area School District
- Harrisburg School District (Pennsylvania)
- Lower Dauphin School District
- Middletown Area School District
- Millersburg School District
- Steelton-Highspire School District
- Susquehanna Township School District
- Susquenita School District (also in Perry County)
- Upper Dauphin School District
- Williams Valley School District (also in Schuylkill County)
Public charter schools
Several public charter schools are established in Dauphin County 
- Infinity Charter School
- Sylvan Heights Science Charter School
- Capital Area School for the Arts
- Premier Arts and Science Charter School
The Capital Area Intermediate Unit 15 is a state approved education agency that offers: school districts, charter schools, private schools, and home school students, a variety of services including: a completely developed K–12 curriculum that is mapped and aligned with the Pennsylvania Academic Standards (available online), shared services, a group purchasing program and a wide variety of special education and special needs services.
The Dauphin County Library System provides library service to the residents of the county through a main central library in the state capital and county seat of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and eight branch libraries. DCLS is a private, non-profit corporation. It is governed by a 17-member Board of Trustees, five appointed annually by the Dauphin County Commissioners, and twelve elected for three-year terms. The Library is a member of the Pennsylvania library system.
As reported by the National Center for Educational Statistics
- Armstrong Valley Christian School – Halifax
- Berrysburg Christian Academy – Elizabethvile
- Bishop McDevitt High School – Harrisburg
- Cathedral Consolidated School – Harrisburg
- Covenant Christian Academy – Harrisburg
- East Shore Montessori School – Harrisburg
- Emmanuel Wesleyan Academy – Gratz
- Garden Spot Amish School – Millersburg
- Garden Spot School – Millersburg
- Goddard School – Harrisburg
- Hansel and Gretel Early Learning Centers – Harrisburg
- Harrisburg Adventist School – Harrisburg
- Harrisburg Christian School – Harrisburg
- Hillside Amish School – Harrisville
- Hillside Seventh Day Adventist School – Harrisburg
- Keystone Math and Science Academy – Harrisburg
- Kinder-Care Learning Center – Harrisburg
- KinderCare Learning Center – Hershey
- Londonderry School – Harrisburg
- Mahantango School – Lykens
- Matterstown School – Millersburg
- Middletown Christian School – Middletown
- Milton Hershey School – Hershey
- North Mountain View Amish – Millersburg
- Northern Dauphin Christian School – Millersburg
- Pride of the Neighborhood Academies – Harrisburg
- Rakers Mill School – Elizabethville
- Rolling Acres School – Lykens
- Seven Sorrows of BMV School – Middletown
- Sonshine Learning Station – Middletown
- South Mountain View School – Spring Glen
- Specktown School – Lykens
- St. Catherine Laboure School – Harrisburg
- St Joan of Arc Elementary School – Hershey
- St. Margaret Mary School – Harrisburg
- St. Stephen's Episcopal School – Harrisburg
- Tender Years Inc. – Hershey
- The Nativity School of Harrisburg – Harrisburg
- Windy Knoll School – Spring Glen
- Wordsworth Academy – Harrisbrug
- Yeshiva Academy – Harrisburg
The largest employers in Dauphin County in 2019 were:
- Commonwealth Government
- Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
- The Hershey Company
- Hershey Entertainment & Resorts Co.
- UPMC Pinnacle Hospitals
- Federal Government
- Pennsylvania State University
- PHEAA – Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency
- United Parcel Service Inc
- TYCO Electronics Corp.
There are two Pennsylvania state parks in Dauphin County.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Dauphin County:
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
- Beaufort Farms
- Chambers Hill
- Ellendale Forge
- Freys Grove
- Fort Hunter
- Manada Gap
- Manada Hill
- Montrose Park
- Oberlin Gardens
- Paxtang Manor
- Powells Valley
- Ritzie Village
- Sand Beach
- Windsor Farms
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||† Harrisburg (State Capital)||City||49,528|
- Samuel B. Garver (1939–1911), an Illinois state representative, businessman, and farmer, was born in Dauphin County.
- Nicholas H. Heck (1882–1953), a geophysicist, seismologist, oceanographer, hydrographic surveyor, and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey officer, was born in Dauphin County in Heckton Mills, near Heckton.
- Hummelstown brownstone
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
- "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 100.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Dauphin County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Middle America Project". Echelon Insights. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
- US Census Bureau (2015). "Poverty Rates by County Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates".
- Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center (2012). "Student Poverty Concentration 2012". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
- Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 1990 and 2011, 2011
- "Office of Management and Budget". 7 February 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-23. Retrieved 2016-02-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
- "Pennsylvania Election Returns". Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- Barbara Miller (February 11, 2015). "Here's how Dauphin County commissioners are giving out $6.4 million in gaming grants". Pennlive.com.
- Jeff Frantz (December 18, 2013). "Dauphin County approves $187 million 2014 budget". Pennlive.com.
- Matt Miller (December 19, 2012). "Dauphin County commissioners approve budget without tax increase for 2013". Pennlive.com.
- "Dauphin County Budget Summary 2010-11" (PDF). 2010.
- Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- "Pennsylvania Senators, Representatives, and Congressional District Maps - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education Approved Public Charter Schools, January 2010
- ies, National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, Private School Universe Survey 2008
- "Pennsylvania Top 50 Employers & Industries" (PDF). Department of Labor and Industry. Center for Workforce Information and Analysis. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- County of Dauphin (official website)
- The Historical Society of Dauphin County
- Dauphin County Library System
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